Foster power point2

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Foster power point2

  1. 1. Causes of the Civil War
  2. 2. The Republican Party is created and grows very quickly The name “Republican” appealed to many groups and had a historical connection to Thomas Jefferson and Henry Clay The most important plank of the party was that it was opposed to the extension of slavery – so the common ground for this party in 1856 was what is was against, not necessarily what it was for!
  3. 3. • John Brown had been active in Kansas, had no faith in the political system, and firmly believed that slavery was a sin which the country had to pay for in blood • Brown openly helped slaves escape to Canada • Brown moved to Maryland in 1859 and rented a farm • He collected an army of 21 men John Brown’s Raid On Harper’s Ferry
  4. 4. October 16, 1859 • Brown and his men raid the Federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry • He intends to liberate the slaves of the South • The slaves do not rise up in revolt • Brown fortifies himself in the fire house in Harper’s Ferry and waits – he should have fled to the hills • Federal troops – Marines- arrive under the command of Robert E. Lee and Jeb Stuart
  5. 5. John Brown Is Hanged • Brown was hanged on December 2, 1859 in Charles Town • Over 5,000 militia come to Charles Town to maintain security and/or to watch • Professor Thomas J. Jackson led the corps of cadets from Virginia Military Institute to the hanging • John Wilkes Booth joined the Richmond Militia in order to come to this hanging • Brown spoke before he was hanged and said that the United States would pay in blood for its sin of slavery • John Brown becomes the Martyr of Abolition • Six of Brown’s men are hanged after him ( at a later date) • “John Brown’s Body” became one of the most famous songs of the era

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