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The Emancipation
Proclamation
And the Battle of
Chancellorsville
The Emancipation
Proclamation
• Came into effect on
January 1st, 1863
• Declared all slaves
held in rebel states
to be fre...
Setting free the slaves
 The

proclamation had no practical effect
on slaves in the Confederacy, the
importance was more ...
Contrasting Reactions
• In the South it caused outrage. Jefferson Davis
accused Lincoln of trying to start a slave revolt
...
Beginning of a process
 The

Emancipation Proclamation began
the process of freeing slaves
 It gave the Union cause in t...
Battle of Chancellorsville
• Confederate commander Robert E. Lee has a
reputation as one of the outstanding generals
of th...
The Union army was still
trying to capture Richmond
• Lincoln appointed
General Joseph Hooker
to go on the offensive
again...
Hooker divided his army
• He left half his troops at Fredricksburg to hold
the Confederates in position
• He then led 75,0...
By April 30th, 1863 Hooker’s troops
had forded the Rappahannock River
• They were in an
area of tangled
woodland known as
...
Robert E. Lee was preparing
his defenses
• Realizing Hooker was
trying a flanking march
he sent two spies to
determine the...
The attack took Hooker
completely by surprise
• Despite his reputation as “Fighting Joe” he lost his
nerve
• He halted his...
A bold maneuver
 Lee

had the advantage and he pushed hard
 He sent Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson and his
28,000 men on a m...
Jackson’s army succeeded in
breaking Hooker’s forces
• However, that night
“Stonewall” Jackson
was returning from a
patrol...
J.E.B. Stuart took over for
Stonewall Jackson
• Stuart reopened the
attack the next day
• At the same tome
Lee’s army was
...
Union General Hooker faced
total defeat
• Hooker withdrew across the river on May 5th
• Defeat had cost him more than 17,0...
Lee’s Masterpiece
• This was a battle so brilliantly planned that historian’s
have dubbed it “Lee’s Masterpiece”
• Morale ...
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8. e.p. and chancellorsville

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8. e.p. and chancellorsville

  1. 1. The Emancipation Proclamation And the Battle of Chancellorsville
  2. 2. The Emancipation Proclamation • Came into effect on January 1st, 1863 • Declared all slaves held in rebel states to be free • The war was now a struggle to destroy slavery and free the slaves
  3. 3. Setting free the slaves  The proclamation had no practical effect on slaves in the Confederacy, the importance was more symbolic  Making the war about slavery ensured that no European country would aid the Confederacy  Lincoln knew the slavery issue had to be addressed as it lay at the heart of the war
  4. 4. Contrasting Reactions • In the South it caused outrage. Jefferson Davis accused Lincoln of trying to start a slave revolt • In the North it was widely welcomed and it meant that freed slaves could now join the Union army to fight against the South and slavery
  5. 5. Beginning of a process  The Emancipation Proclamation began the process of freeing slaves  It gave the Union cause in the war a moral force  It also ensured the Confederacy would get no European support  The true end of slavery didn’t come until the passage of the 13th Amendment in December 1865
  6. 6. Battle of Chancellorsville • Confederate commander Robert E. Lee has a reputation as one of the outstanding generals of the Civil War. At Chancellorsville his tactics allowed him to defeat a Union army twice his size.
  7. 7. The Union army was still trying to capture Richmond • Lincoln appointed General Joseph Hooker to go on the offensive against Robert E. Lee • His nickname was “Fighting Joe” • He reorganized the Army of the Potomac and grew it to strike at Robert E. Lee’s army
  8. 8. Hooker divided his army • He left half his troops at Fredricksburg to hold the Confederates in position • He then led 75,000 men upstream to attack Lee’s army from behind
  9. 9. By April 30th, 1863 Hooker’s troops had forded the Rappahannock River • They were in an area of tangled woodland known as the Wilderness • The center of their position lay on a crossroads at Chancellorsville, Virginia
  10. 10. Robert E. Lee was preparing his defenses • Realizing Hooker was trying a flanking march he sent two spies to determine their location • Lee then went on the attack, also dividing his forces against Hooker and to keep protecting Fredricksburg
  11. 11. The attack took Hooker completely by surprise • Despite his reputation as “Fighting Joe” he lost his nerve • He halted his advance and ordered his forces to take up defensive positions back at Chancellorsville
  12. 12. A bold maneuver  Lee had the advantage and he pushed hard  He sent Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson and his 28,000 men on a march to strike Hooker’s right flank  Lee and his remaining troops faced three Union corps  Lee had now divided his army not once, but twice. It was one of the boldest moves of the whole war
  13. 13. Jackson’s army succeeded in breaking Hooker’s forces • However, that night “Stonewall” Jackson was returning from a patrol and was accidentally shot and fatally wounded by his own man
  14. 14. J.E.B. Stuart took over for Stonewall Jackson • Stuart reopened the attack the next day • At the same tome Lee’s army was striking from the south • The Confederates pushed the Union line back toward the river
  15. 15. Union General Hooker faced total defeat • Hooker withdrew across the river on May 5th • Defeat had cost him more than 17,000 men • Lee’s 12,800 casualties included “Stonewall” Jackson, who died a few days later
  16. 16. Lee’s Masterpiece • This was a battle so brilliantly planned that historian’s have dubbed it “Lee’s Masterpiece” • Morale for the Union army was at an all-time low, The Confederates were winning

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