5. battle of shiloh

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5. battle of shiloh

  1. 1. The Battle of Shiloh April 6-7, 1862 The second major battle of The Civil War
  2. 2. Near the Tennessee River  The Union had just captured Forts Henry and Donelson in February  Those victories opened the way for General Ulyssess S Grant to head south into Tennessee
  3. 3. The Union: General Grant had an army of 30,000 men marching south to face the Confederates Don Carlos Buell had an even larger army, 50,000 men marching west to join Grant’s army
  4. 4. The Confederates: General Albert T. Johnston had a troop of 45,000 men He believed that his best chance of recapturing western Tennessee was to launch a surprise offensive against Grant as quickly as possible, before the other army could get there
  5. 5. Taken by Surprise  The morning of April 6th thousands of Confederate soldiers in gray charged out of the woods screaming their “rebel yell”  Grant was unaware of Johnston’s arrival, he had not set up lookouts to guard the army
  6. 6. Panic shot through Grant’s army  Many disorganized Union troops looked for places to hide rather than fight  For 12 hours the Confederates pounded the Federals, and by night time had captured the key position of Shiloh Chapel
  7. 7. Confederate General Johnston killed  Johnston was shot in the leg, severing an important artery  He ignored it and bled to death on the battlefield  General Pierce GT Beauregard took over
  8. 8. Union Generals stand tall  WT Sherman regrouped and rallied his forces and continued to push back  Benjamin M Prentiss made a stand on a hill in the heart of Grant’s position  They called it “The Hornet’s Nest”
  9. 9. Exhausted Armies  By 7:00 the battlefields fell silent  Both sides decided to rest and resume conflict the next day  Union General Buell’s division joined over night to strengthen Union forces
  10. 10. The Second day  Union troop counterattacked the next morning  Confederates quickly lost all the ground they’d gained  By the afternoon Confederate General Beauregard ordered a retreat
  11. 11. The battle was one of the bloodiest of the war  The south lost over 10,000 troops  The north lost over 13,000 and narrowly avoided defeat  The Battle of Shiloh began the defeat of the Southern cause in that region

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