Plant Healthcare Client Report


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This is a report that was finished in 2011, a report focusing on a hypothetical client doing plant healthcare practices. It contains subjects from typical pests to city trees, seasonal maintenance, and pruning techniques used to solve various urban tree healthcare problems. The tree species were picked at random in Lindsay Ontario and these problems are factual and dealt with accordingly.

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Plant Healthcare Client Report

  1. 1. CLIENT REPORT PLANT HEALTH CARE Sir Sandford Fleming College Winter Semester March 31, 2011 By: David Kearns 10026688Arborworks- We’ll Tree You Right! Page: _ of _
  2. 2. CLIENT INFORMATIONCase Number: 000001Property Owner: Duke Richards Contact: Macy BriansCivic Address: 13312 William Street Phone: 314-665-9845 Lindsay Ontario, K8H 6T6 Client Since: 2011-03-14Known Property History:Macy Brians has been a client since 2011-03-14, at the above address. Since she has been a clientthe following has been recorded to keep a record of the trees on your lawn and theirmaintenance and condition recommendations. The soil on this property (especially in the backof the property) is a shallow sandy soil, with a large deposit of organic soil for the stump thatwas removed a few years ago (located on map).Fore Knowledge:The trees on this property have been pruned in the last few years, and prunes look to be welldone and callusing over decently, refer to comments in report. A 32cm stump was removed,and the hole was filled with organic peat and seeded. Planting a tree in this exact location is notrecommended, the soil has been disturbed too much to support a large root system and lack thestability needed for a healthy root systemArborworks- We’ll Tree You Right! Page: _ of _
  3. 3. PROBLEMS COMMON TO SPECIES ON PROPERTYDowny Serviceberry  Rusts- Develops on the leaves  Fire blight- Systemic disease typically affects new growth, prune affected areas  Powdery Mildews- Treatable with foliage sprays  Leaf Miners- Treatable with sprays, pruning of infected foliageRed Maple  Anthracnose- Disease caused by fungal infection in leaf tissue  Gall- Growth caused by infestation and injections of eggs in leaves by mites  Aphids- Sucking insect that attacks mainly new foliage growth  Petiole Borer- Boring insect that locates itself in the petiole of the leafRed Oak  Anthracnose- Disease caused by fungal infection in leaf tissue  Gall- Growth caused by infestation and injections of eggs in leaves by mites  Aphids- Sucking insect that attacks mainly new foliage growth  Petiole Borer- Boring insect that locates itself in the petiole of the leafWhite Pine  Sawfly- Larvae feeding on needles, powerful water spray to dislodge, removal of infected foliage  White Pine Weevil- Effects foliage, Treat with pesticides  White Pine Blister Rust- Infectious disease that is very destructive, seen on needles  Pine Shoot Blight- Girdles new shoots by a canker causing fungusAmerican Elm  Elm Bark Beetle- Boring beetle commonly carries Dutch Elm Disease  Dutch Elm Disease- Infectious disease commonly causes death  Verticillium Wilt- Caused by infected soils causes a defoliation through systemic meansArborworks- We’ll Tree You Right! Page: _ of _
  4. 4. PROPOSED WORK REPORT AND PRUNING INFORMATING1. Downy Serviceberry, Amelanchier arborea - Establishment Prune - Fertilize to promote root growth (due to Abiotic stresses)2. Red Maple 1, Acer rubrum -Tar spot is present (Biotic) -Rake leaves in fall and compost -Crown clean to remove deadwood -Crown thin to increase air flow in foliage -Crown Raise for grass maintenance machine clearance3. Red Maple 2, Acer rubrum -Crown clean for deadwood and Tar spot (Biotic) -Rake leaves in fall and compost -Crown reduction to stimulate root growth, and restore balance and weight distribution -Fertilize to stimulate root growth4. Red Oak, Quercus rubrum -Crown clean to remove deadwood -Crown raise over fence -Prune branches if contact is made with fence and rubbing is apparent (Abiotic) -Prune Eastern side of crown for power lines and service lines (drop crotch pruning)5. White Pine, Pinus strobes -Crown raise for lawn maintenance -Irrigate to decrease soil compaction before wet season (Abiotic) -Create drainage trench to defer water from pooling around base of Pine6. White Elm, Ulmus Americana -Dutch Elm Disease apparent (Biotic) -Crown clean for deadwood and infected branches -Injections for Dutch Elm Disease [Arbotect Injecticides] -Crown reduction over roof, leave a cover for the window I believe the above is observations made to the best of my ability. Any other observations thatare made after the report herein will be added to the package and to this point we’re not omitted towithhold information.Worker Signature:____________________ Date:________________________ David Kearns Arborworks- We’ll Tree You Right! Page: _ of _
  5. 5. DESCRIPTION OF PROPOSED WORK The following is a written report demonstrating the recommendations that have been made for thetrees and plants on your property. The work will be done on the set schedule that has been included in thisreport (see seasonal maintenance for further details).1. Downy Serviceberry The serviceberry located in the southern portion of the property is 13cm in diameter and appears to be ingood health. The tree was planted approximately three years ago (2007) and seems to be having trouble.Because the foliage of the tree is wilting and the new growth is limited, fertilizers will be added and the pHof the soil is 7, which is a proper pH level to be maintained to allow the fertilizers to be absorbed by theroots. Establishment prune will be necessary to remove crossers and to perpetuate good growth habitswithin the crown.2. Red Maple Because this maple has Tar Spot, raking of leaves in the fall will help prevent the Tar Spot from spreadingto different areas. Tar Spot is commonly a non-fatal foliage fungi which is the black spots on the leaves inthe canopy. Pruning equipment should be cleaned after use in this tree before used in a different tree.Raking of the leaves in the fall and destroying them will keep the spores from being released in the springand affecting new foliage growth. Keeping under the tree clean and leaf free is important because whenthe Tar Spots split, the spores are released and it will not be effective. Spraying of fungicides is an optionfor control however is not necessary due to the lack of threat that this disease possesses.3. Red Maple The same techniques used for the other maples tar spot should be followed. Because of the root problemson the western side of the trunk have been damaged and could potentially create favourable circumstancesfor wind throw, pruning of the crown will help stimulate root development and reduce the weight andbalance the weight distribution of the crown. Fertilizers will also be administered until favourableconditions are met. While administering the fertilizers (granular) higher dosage on the West side of thetree will favour more root growth on that side of the trunk.4. Red Oak The Oak tree in the North East area of the property must have a crown raise due to the height of thefence. Noticeable contact with the fence has created a callus. The removal of this branch will allow thefence to be free from contact. A crown clean will remove any deadwood and crossers. This will help airmovement within the crown and reduce the chances of Tar Spot infesting the crown. Because it requires acrown thin and a crown clean it is important not to remove more than 1/3 of the crown. The power linesrunning through the south part of the Red Oak crown requires drop crotch pruning. Cutting allowance forsnow load during the winter will ensure that the proper maintenance will be acquired. Pruning like this Arborworks- We’ll Tree You Right! Page: _ of _
  6. 6. once every several years will keep contact from occurring. Currently the pH level is extremely high-9,which is why treating it with acidic acids (lime juice works) will help make it less of an alkaline. Restoringthe pH to between 4-7 will allow the tree to better absorb nutrients and stop the foliage discoloration andimprove the over-all health of the tree.5. White Pine The crown of the White Pine must be raised to allow for lawn maintenance and to allow more lightpenetration to the grass beneath the crown. Because there is extensive flooding in this particular area, theroots are affected due to White Pines typically being located in sandy well-drained sites. Because the highwater reaches above the root collar, it is important to maintain good drainage. Installing a drainage run offfrom the tree will divert water from pooling around the base. Furthermore it is recommended that aeratingthe soil will loosen the severe compaction of the soil and help prevent further pooling of stagnant water.This will in turn create a more ideal growing environment for a White Pine. Refer to the property map forthe proposed drainage line.6. White Elm The Elm tree in the North-West portion of property has Dutch Elm Disease (DED), a fungal disease that iscommonly spread by the Elm Bark Beetle. The Elm tree exhibits both symptoms and signs of DED andbeetle damage. Currently the tree is still undergoing remission, however is still living and will continue tolive for several years if the following steps are taken. Pruning of the deadwood and a crown thin willallow more air movement through the crown allowing for dryer conditions to prevent over moisture onfoliage. Injections could be done however injections of fungicides are required every 2-3 years and this treeappears to be too far into the disease. However if fertilizers and proper pruning techniques are followed itis possible to prolong its longevity. I understand the above is observations made to the best of the workers ability. Any otherobservations that are made after the report herein will be added to the package and to this point were notomitted to withhold information.Worker Signature:____________________ Client Signature:___________________________ David Kearns Date:____________________________ Case Number: 000001 Arborworks- We’ll Tree You Right! Page: _ of _
  7. 7. Property Owner: Duke Richards Contact: Macy BriansCivic Address: 13312 William Street Phone: 314-665-9845 Lindsay, Ontario Client Since: 2011-03-14 _____________________________________________________________________ For the species of trees on your property there has been information presented on their currentand possible future occurrences that affect the health of your trees. There are things that can be done on aregular basis along with seasonal precautions that will help improve and strengthen the health of the treespecies included in this report. Things that can be done by you the home owner are as follows:  Raking of leaves in fall and  Reducing compaction around the base of the White Pine will help alleviate any compaction problems  Monitoring for any changes (ex. Leaf wilting, sun scortch, ect.)  Maintaining good plant health care techniques like disposing of infected debris Things that can be done by a professional are as follows:  Fertilizing of species listed in report (refer to Description of Proposed Work)  Pruning of crown (CR, CT, CrR, EP, Power Line pruning) [refer to specie table]  Installation of a drainage line to reduce pooling of water around bases of trees  Aerating soil to reduce compactionSimple things can be done to alleviate stresses that predispose trees to diseases and pests. Prevention andmonitoring is still by far the best solution to solving tree health care problems. To contact us for further information or to report more observations on the species on yourproperty please refer to the contact information form. In this package of information that pertains to the property listed above you will findobservations made by the Urban Forester on your property to the best of their ability. By signing thisform you agree to your liability of performing acts that are recommended by professionals at your ownrisk. Forester Signature:____________________ Client Signature:________________________ Forester Name:_______________________ Client Name:___________________________ Date:_____________________ Date:_____________________Arborworks- We’ll Tree You Right! Page: _ of _
  8. 8. SEASONAL MAINTENANCE The following is a report focussed on the seasonal activities that should be done to continue toaddress the problems and potential problems that face your properties plant life. This is anImplemented Pest Management Plan using cultural, mechanical and chemical means to controlling planthealthcare problems. Summer Fall Winter SpringDowny -Fertilize for root -Rake leaves -FertilizeServiceberry growth -PruningRed Maple 1 -Pruning -Rake leaves for Tar Spot -Pruning for deadwoodRed Maple 2 -Fertilize -Rake leaves for -Fertilize to Tar Spot stimulate root -Pruning for growth deadwood -Prune to stimulate root growthRed Oak -Pruning (CC, CR) - Rake leaves for -Pruning for power Tar Spot control lines to from targeting Oak incorporate snow load on branchesWhite Pine -Pruning (CR) for - Create drainage -Reduce snow load -Clear around base turf maintenance path for excess around base of of tree of debris -Arrogate for water and tree to loosen that will hold compaction drainage for compaction moisture spring/ loosen compactionWhite Elm -Fertilize -Rake leaves and -Pruning in winter -Pruning for more destroy infected and removing air penetration of material infected limbs foliage to lessen from property moisture in crown Seasonal maintenance is important because there are several things that can be done duringcertain seasons that will reduce or help correct stresses and problems present on your property. Theabove demonstrates what seasons to do things like; fertilizing and raking up infected foliage and pruningto remove infected deadwood before spring for example. Because phenological events such as budbreaking in the spring, it is important to remove pest infected materials from your tree before springwhen insects and diseases are still dormant (typically biotic pests). Things like mechanical stresseshappen all year long and are hard to predict, but biotic factors can be monitored by means ofphenelogical calendars.Arborworks- We’ll Tree You Right! Page: _ of _