socio-economic description of the informal settlements in Cape Town


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socio-economic description of the informal settlements in Cape Town

  1. 1. URBAN WATER AND SANITATION IN THE INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS OF CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA David Castellano Fàbrega MsC Thesis Urban Environmental Management Supported by Wageningen University, Vitens International & Water Services Department of Cape Town
  2. 2. Presentation Structure <ul><li>1 st Part: (45 min.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socio-Economic description </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joe Slovo Video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand assessment & service delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2 nd Part: (45 min.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Photographic summary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Algorythm for sanitation technology choice and service delivery </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Background project <ul><li>Objective: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve the provision of water & sanitation services to the informal settlements in Cape Town </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on the: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>which targets: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to reduce by half the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Background project <ul><li>Partnership: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Services Department of Cape Town: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for water & sanitation service delivery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unable to effectively manage the needs for water & sanitation in the Informal Settlements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vitens International: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public water supply company from the Netherlands </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Non-for-profit International arm willing to contribute to the MDGs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provides high quality experience & knowledge in Urban water supply management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban Environment Group (UE) at Wageningen University: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provides scientific & technical knowledge in sustainable management of the urban environment as well as an excellent research and project oriented network </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Socio-Economy <ul><li>Cape Town Location </li></ul><ul><li>Recent History </li></ul><ul><li>Population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Immigration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Informal Settlements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Density </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Socio-Economic distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul>
  6. 6. Socio-Economic description
  7. 7. Location
  8. 8. Recent History <ul><li>1948 National Party (white) wins general elections – Apartheid </li></ul><ul><li>1950 The Group Areas Act and the Population Registration Act (which officially divided South Africans into 'White', 'Coloured', 'Asian' or 'Native') </li></ul><ul><li>1966 District Six was declared a &quot;White Group Area&quot;. Slum clearance. About 150000 people (mostly Coloureds and Africans) were forced to move to residential areas on the Cape Flats </li></ul><ul><li>1972-1975 Emergence of various shanty towns </li></ul><ul><li>1985 The State of Emergency declared by government. Thousands were detained, some without trial </li></ul><ul><li>1991 The Group Areas Act was abolished </li></ul><ul><li>1994 First national and provincial democratic elections. </li></ul><ul><li>1995 The removal of statutory discrimination </li></ul>
  9. 9. Population 69.1 63.9 64.8 City population as % of Western Cape 4,745,500 4,524,335 3,956,875 Western Cape Province 3,278,782 2,893,251 2,563,095 City of Cape Town 2006 2001 Census 1996 Census
  10. 10. Expected Population Growth Aver. % Growth 2001-2006 2,5 2006-2016 1,3 2006-2031 0,4
  11. 11. Immigration
  12. 12. Informal Settlements
  13. 13. Informal Dwellings
  14. 14. Population density
  15. 15. Socio-Economic Distribution
  16. 16. Socio-Economic Distribution
  17. 17. Socio-Economic Distribution
  18. 18. Poverty More than 35% of the Households lives below the poverty line Earning less than R 1600 /month
  19. 19. Unemployment
  20. 20. Health TB/HIV
  21. 21. <ul><li>The video production you are about to view, was sponsored by the City of Cape Town as part of their presentation at the World Summit on Sustainable Development, 2002. </li></ul>