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Washington’s
Administration
1789-1797
Treaty of Paris, 1783
George Washington
1st POTUS
1789 – 1797
The Precedent
President
100% of electoral
vote = unanimous!
Why?
Led Continental Army
during Revolution,
had faith and trust
of the entire nation.
Step 1: Pick a Good Title
His Elective Majesty?
His Excellency the
Supreme Commander in Chief?
His High Mightiness,
the Pr...
Henry Knox,
Secretary of War
aka “the Muscle”
Step 2: Choose a Cabinet
Thomas Jefferson,
Secretary of State aka
“the Smoot...
Step 3: Choose a plan.
Federalists
• Led by Hamilton
• Feared anarchy
more than tyranny
• Elitist, distrusted
common man
•...
Component Pro Con
A) Fed Govt assumes
states’ debt
B) Sells debt to investors
as govt bonds
US builds credit
Investors bec...
Component Arguments For It Arguments Against It
Establish natl bank Issue money; handle
taxes, receipts, and other
govt. f...
Component Arguments For It Arguments Against It
Tariff (tax on imports) Raise money for new
govt
Spur industrial growth by...
Component Arguments For It Arguments Against It
Excise tax on whiskey Sin tax on immoral
product
Will raise significant
fu...
Price of Southern Agreement =
City of Washington, District of Columbia
Washington vs. the Whiskey Rebellion
Judiciary Act of 1789
• Six Supreme Court justices;
13 districts in 11 states
• First Chief Justice John Jay
• SCOTUS juri...
French Revolution, 1789
50%
Interest
payments of
national debt25%
Military
expenditures
6%
Court life at
Versailles
19%
Ru...
French Revolution, 1789
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
%of Income Spent on Bread
1787
1788
French Revolution, 1789
Commoners
3rd Estate
Aristocracy
2nd Estate
Clergy
1st Estate
TheSuggested Voting Pattern:
Voting ...
French Revolution
• Help our ally fight Britain?
• Proclamation of
Neutrality, 1793
• “Why … entangle our
peace and prospe...
Washington’s Foreign Affairs
Treaty With Why Result
Jay’s Treaty
(1794)
Britain Unpaid private debts to
Britain  British ...
Disputed Territorial Claims Between Spain & US, 1783-1796
Indian Land Cessions: 1768-1799
Washington’s Legacy
1. First cabinet and other
precedents
2. Judiciary Act of 1789
3. Suppressed Whiskey Rebellion
4. Secu...
Washington's administration
Washington's administration
Washington's administration
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Washington's administration

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Washington's administration

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Washington's administration

  1. 1. Washington’s Administration 1789-1797
  2. 2. Treaty of Paris, 1783
  3. 3. George Washington 1st POTUS 1789 – 1797 The Precedent President
  4. 4. 100% of electoral vote = unanimous! Why? Led Continental Army during Revolution, had faith and trust of the entire nation.
  5. 5. Step 1: Pick a Good Title His Elective Majesty? His Excellency the Supreme Commander in Chief? His High Mightiness, the President of the United States and Protector of their Liberties? His Highness the President of the United States of America and Protector of the Rights of the Same? Mr. President
  6. 6. Henry Knox, Secretary of War aka “the Muscle” Step 2: Choose a Cabinet Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of State aka “the Smooth Talker” Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury aka “the Money Man”
  7. 7. Step 3: Choose a plan. Federalists • Led by Hamilton • Feared anarchy more than tyranny • Elitist, distrusted common man • Loose interpretation • Wanted: o Strong federal government to preserve independence o National debt as investment in success o Strong ties with Britain o US as an industrial, mercantile power Democratic Republicans • Led by Jefferson • Believed limited government preserves liberty • Patrician, trusted the common man • Strict interpretation • Wanted: o Weak federal government to preserve liberty o Against national debt o Strong ties with France o US as an agrarian nation
  8. 8. Component Pro Con A) Fed Govt assumes states’ debt B) Sells debt to investors as govt bonds US builds credit Investors become stakeholders in fed govt’s success Economic elites control nation’s finances Southern states had paid debts; felt it unfair to help North Hamilton’s Economic Plan
  9. 9. Component Arguments For It Arguments Against It Establish natl bank Issue money; handle taxes, receipts, and other govt. funds. Bank investors become stakeholders in fed govt’s success Fear of plutocracy (rule by the rich) Is it constitutional? Hamilton’s Economic Plan
  10. 10. Component Arguments For It Arguments Against It Tariff (tax on imports) Raise money for new govt Spur industrial growth by making US manufactured goods more competitive against foreign goods Southern states import more, will pay unfair share of taxes Hamilton’s Economic Plan
  11. 11. Component Arguments For It Arguments Against It Excise tax on whiskey Sin tax on immoral product Will raise significant funds Targets poor frontier farmers who distill corn into whiskey for transport Hamilton’s Economic Plan
  12. 12. Price of Southern Agreement = City of Washington, District of Columbia
  13. 13. Washington vs. the Whiskey Rebellion
  14. 14. Judiciary Act of 1789 • Six Supreme Court justices; 13 districts in 11 states • First Chief Justice John Jay • SCOTUS jurisdiction over all cases involving a state • Appellate jurisdiction over federal circuit court decisions and state courts challenging any federal law
  15. 15. French Revolution, 1789 50% Interest payments of national debt25% Military expenditures 6% Court life at Versailles 19% Running the country FRENCH ANNUAL BUDGET INTHE 1780s
  16. 16. French Revolution, 1789 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 %of Income Spent on Bread 1787 1788
  17. 17. French Revolution, 1789 Commoners 3rd Estate Aristocracy 2nd Estate Clergy 1st Estate TheSuggested Voting Pattern: Voting by Estates 1 1 1 Louis XIV insisted that the ancient distinction of the three orders be conserved in its entirety.
  18. 18. French Revolution • Help our ally fight Britain? • Proclamation of Neutrality, 1793 • “Why … entangle our peace and prosperity in the toils of European ambition …? It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world.” – Farewell Address, 1796
  19. 19. Washington’s Foreign Affairs Treaty With Why Result Jay’s Treaty (1794) Britain Unpaid private debts to Britain  British forts around Great Lakes, impressment of American sailors Secured NW border, normalized trade relations with Britain Pinckney's Treaty (1795) Spain Spain feared close American- British relations Defined SW border with Spanish territory, opened Mississippi to trade Treaty of Greenville (1795) coalition of Native American tribes Little Turtle defeated by Gen. “Mad Anthony” Wayne at the Battle of Fallen Timbers Native Americans ceded Ohio to US
  20. 20. Disputed Territorial Claims Between Spain & US, 1783-1796
  21. 21. Indian Land Cessions: 1768-1799
  22. 22. Washington’s Legacy 1. First cabinet and other precedents 2. Judiciary Act of 1789 3. Suppressed Whiskey Rebellion 4. Secured borders and foreign policy of Isolationism 5. Warned against political parties 6. Established two-term tradition

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