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The sickmanofeurope

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The sickmanofeurope

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The sickmanofeurope

  1. 1. Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. The Ottoman Empire Expands
  3. 3. Topkapi Palace Model
  4. 4. The Actual Topkapi Palace
  5. 5. Topkapi Harem
  6. 6. It’s Good to Be the Sultan!
  7. 7. Topkapi “Fruit Room”
  8. 8. Topkapi’s Great Craftsmenship
  9. 9. The Decline of the Empire: 18c
  10. 10. Greek War for Independence: 1821-1832
  11. 11. Crimean War: 1854-1856 The “Sick Man of Europe”!
  12. 12. The Ottoman Empire in 1914
  13. 13. Sultan Abdul Hamid II: 1876- 1909 The Last Ottoman Emperor!
  14. 14. The Young Turks Revolt: 1908  The Committee of Union and Progress (CUP).  Mehmet Talaat  Grand Vizier, 1917-1918  Enver Pasha  Minister of War  Ottoman Commander- in-Chief
  15. 15. The Young Turks Program  Pushed for reforms  basic democratic rights:  freedom of speech.  freedom of assembly.  freedom of the press.  Problem of nationalism within (heterogeneous empire).
  16. 16. Two Armed Camps Central PowersCentral Powers::Allied PowersAllied Powers::
  17. 17. World War I Alliances: 1914- 1918
  18. 18. Europeans Carve Up the Ottoman Empire After WW1
  19. 19. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881- 1938) Republican People’s Party Goals:  republicanism (National Assembly).  nationalism (“Turkification”).  populism (for the benefit of the people).  statism (state-controlled economy).  secularism (free from religious control).  reformism.  1924  abolished the caliphate.
  20. 20. Atatürk’s Reforms 1. “Turkify” the Islamic faith  Translate the Qur’an into Turkish.  Secular education.  Ministry of Religious Affairs abolished.  Sharia courts closed  new secular courts. 2. Western-style clothing  Forbid the wearing of the fez   Western-style men’s suits.  Attacked the veiling of women.
  21. 21. Atatürk’s Reforms 3. Language Reform:  Roman alphabet replaced the Arabic script.  Literacy in new alphabet required for government positions. 3. State Socialism:  State banks established to finance government-controlled businesses. 5. Adoption of a Surname.

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