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The old west

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The old west

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The old west

  1. 1. The Old West
  2. 2. The Frontier
  3. 3. Population Changes in the West, 1850 to 1900
  4. 4. Groups of the West
  5. 5. 1. Miners 2. Railroad Companies 3. Cowboys & Ranchers 4. Native Americans 5. White farmers 6. Ethnic Minorities (Blacks, Hispanics, & Asians)
  6. 6. Key Tensions Native Americans Buffalo Hunters Railroads U. S. Gov. Cattlemen Sheep Herders Ranchers Farmers
  7. 7. Key Tensions Ethnic Minorities Nativists Environmentalists Big Business Local Gov. Officials Farmers Buffalo Hunters Lawlessness of the Frontier “Civilizing” Forces [The “Romance” of the West]
  8. 8. Group: Miners Key Events – 1848: a series of “big strikes” in CA, NV, CO • Key People – ’49ers – Civil War Vets – Young men – Some families
  9. 9. Gold Panning
  10. 10. Sluicing
  11. 11. Prospecting
  12. 12. 21st Century Mining
  13. 13. 21st Century Mining
  14. 14. Mining Centers: 1900
  15. 15. Railroad Construction
  16. 16. Promontory Point, UT (May 10, 1869)
  17. 17. Group: Laborers/Workers • Key People – Irish: from East – Chinese: from West – African Americans
  18. 18. Black “Exoduster” Homesteaders
  19. 19. The Buffalo Soldiers on the Great Plains
  20. 20. The “Chinese Question”  Exclusion Act (1882) - Oriental Exclusion Act - Chinese Exclusion Act
  21. 21. Group: Native Americans • Key Events – Chivington (aka Sand Creek) Massacre: 200+ Natives killed – Custer’s Last Stand: 200 Americans killed – Battle of Wounded Knee: 300 Natives killed • Key People – Col Chivington – Gen. Custer – Sitting Bull – Crazy Horse
  22. 22. 1871-1875: 11,000,000 bison slaughtered!
  23. 23. Group: Native Americans • Government Policies/ Legislation – Reservation system – Broken treaties – Dawes Act- tried “Americanization”
  24. 24. Colonel John Chivington Kill and scalp all, big and little! Sandy Creek, CO Massacre November 29, 1864
  25. 25. Capt. William J. Fetterman 80 soldiers massacred December 21, 1866
  26. 26. Gold Found in the Black Hills of the Dakota Territory! 1874
  27. 27. The Battle of Little Big Horn 1876 Chief Sitting Bull Gen. George Armstrong Custer
  28. 28. Chief Joseph I will fight no more forever! Nez Percé tribal retreat (1877)
  29. 29. Geronimo, Apache Chief: Hopeless Cause
  30. 30. Helen Hunt Jackson A Century of Dishonor (1881) Ramona (1884)
  31. 31. Dawes Severalty Act (1887): Assimilation Policy Carlisle Indian School, PA
  32. 32. Arapahoe “Ghost Dance”, 1890
  33. 33. Chief Big Foot’s Lifeless Body Wounded Knee, SD, 1890
  34. 34. Oklahoma Land Rush of 1889
  35. 35. Group: Cowboys/Ranchers • Key Events – Corralling + Branding + Long drive to railroads – 1883- droughts – 1887- blizzard – 1880- barbed wire ends the open range
  36. 36. Group: Cowboys/Ranchers • Key People: – Joseph McKoy: ran Abilene stockyard – Buffalo Bill Hickok’s Wild West show – Calamity Jane
  37. 37. Group: Cowboys/Ranchers • Cultural characteristics: – Boots – Spurs – Chaps – 6 shooters – Good songs – Loneliness
  38. 38. The Cattle Trails
  39. 39. Group: Farmers
  40. 40. Group: Farmers • Government Policies/ Legislation – Homestead Act of 1862: 160 acres of free land – Morrill Act: Est. farm colleges – Hatch Act: Funds farm research NCSU Freshman class 1889
  41. 41. Group: Farmers • Cultural characteristics – Sod houses – Dugouts – Plows – Windmills – Reapers
  42. 42. The Reality: “My First House in Neb, 1880”
  43. 43. A Pioneer’s Sod House, SD
  44. 44. Barbed Wire Joseph Glidden
  45. 45. The Range Wars Sheep Herders Cattle Ranchers
  46. 46. Yellowstone National Park First national park established in 1872.
  47. 47. National Parks
  48. 48. Conservation Movement John Muir With President Theodore Roosevelt
  49. 49. Sierra Club Founded in 1892

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