The Founding of the United States

1,565 views

Published on

Published in: Sports
  • Be the first to comment

The Founding of the United States

  1. 1. The Founding ofthe United States of America
  2. 2. Routes of the First Americans
  3. 3. Major Indian Groups and Culture Areas in the 1600s
  4. 4. Voyages of European Exploration
  5. 5. English Migration: 1610-1660
  6. 6. The Atlantic Slave Trade, 1619-1760
  7. 7. Goods Traded with Africa
  8. 8. • 1600s – about 1000 Africans per year• 1700s - 5.5 million transported to the Americas• By 1860 - 11 million• Before 1831, more Africans than Europeans came to the Americas
  9. 9. Reasons for European Migration in 1600s
  10. 10. Four Colonial Subcultures 1. Chesapeake 2. New England 3. Middle Colonies 4. Southern Colonies
  11. 11. The Northern (New England) Colonies : Geography: Shorter Rocky Soil Growing Lots of Season harbors Cultural Adaptations : Cities Small farms Fishing/ (family) Shipbuilding Churches Schools Businesses Town Mtgs
  12. 12. Cultural Adaptations Fewer Cities, Churches, & Schools Large Farms/ Cash Crops Spread out on land SlaveryLonger Few harborssummers Fertile Soil Geography: The Southern Colonies :
  13. 13. Early ColonialTobacco1618: VA produces 20,000 lbs. oftobacco1622: 60,000 lbs.1627: 500,000 lbs.1629: 1,500,000 lbs.
  14. 14. Tobacco Prices:1618-1710
  15. 15. Colonizationof Maryland
  16. 16. ColonizingNewEngland
  17. 17. NewEnglandSpreads Out
  18. 18. New England Colonies, 1650
  19. 19. Characteristics of New England Settlements Low mortality  life expectancy about 70 Large, extended families; avg. 6 children per family. Avg. age at marriage:  Women – 22 years old  Men – 27 years old.
  20. 20. PopulationComparisons:New England v. Chesapeake
  21. 21. Boston: “A City on a Hill”• “beacon of righteousness” to the world• 1630-1640—16,000 immigrated, usually as families• Church attendance required, but membership not automatic• Government by elected representatives responsible to God; all adult male church members could vote
  22. 22. Provincial Cities• Only ~ 5% of pop!• Five largest cities: Boston, Newport, New York, Philadelphia, and Charles Town• Economies = commerce, not manufacturing• English culture, fashion, and architecture
  23. 23. Urban Population Growth 1650 - 1775
  24. 24. Population of the New England Colonies
  25. 25. NewNetherlandsandNewSweden
  26. 26. MiddleColonies, 1 685
  27. 27. New York Manors &Land GrantsPatroonships
  28. 28. Duke of York’sOriginalCharter
  29. 29. The Southern Colonies
  30. 30. Port of Charles Town, SC Busiest port in South Aristocratic feel Religious toleration attracted diverse inhabitants
  31. 31. Rice & Indigo Exportsfrom SC & GA: 1698-1775
  32. 32. The Emergence of North Carolina• VA = aristocratic planters and Church of England• Dissenters moved south to Carolina  Poor farmers, little need for slaves  Religious dissenters• Early North Carolinians:  Strong resistance to authority, hospitable to pirates  Irreligious• 1712  NC officially separated from SC
  33. 33. Georgia--The “Buffer” Colony
  34. 34. Distribution of Immigrants 1700-1750: colonial pop. from 250,000 to 2 m.+
  35. 35. North America in 1750
  36. 36. Seven Years’ War, 1756–1763
  37. 37. North America in 1763
  38. 38. Major Wars, 1689–1763
  39. 39. Rule Britannia?• Most Americans bound to England in 1763• Ties included British culture, consumer goods, religion, military victories• Americans thought of themselves as partners in Empire• To British, “American” equaled “not quite English”
  40. 40. Colonial Products and Trade
  41. 41. The Spanish Borderlands, ca. 1770
  42. 42. George Grenville’s Program, 1763-17651. Sugar Act - 17642. Quartering Act - 17653. Stamp Act - 1765
  43. 43. The Boston Massacre (March 5,1770)
  44. 44. Boston Tea Party (1773)
  45. 45. The Quebec Act (1774)
  46. 46. First Continental Congress (1774)Agenda  How to respond to the Coercive Acts & the Quebec Act?
  47. 47. The Shot Heard ’Round the World! Lexington & Concord – April 18,1775
  48. 48. Thomas Paine: Common Sense
  49. 49. Declaration of Independence July 4, 1776
  50. 50. Independence Hall
  51. 51. The American Revolution, 1775–1781
  52. 52. North America After the Treaty of Paris, 1783
  53. 53. The United States in 1787
  54. 54. Weaknesses of theArticles of Confederation A unicameral Congress [9 of 13 votes to pass a law]. 13 out of 13 to amend. Representatives were frequently absent. Could not tax or raise armies. No executive or judicial branches.
  55. 55. Underlying Principles of the US Constitution• Popular Sovereignty (people power)• Limited, Representative Government• Federalism (literally, united states)• Separation of Powers (to avoid dictatorship)• Checks and Balances (to avoid dictatorship)• Individual Rights (to protect citizens from gov.)• Flexibility (change with the times)

×