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Populism

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Populism

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Populism

  1. 1. The Silver Issue  “Crime of ’73”  no silver, only gold coins.  Sherman Silver Purchase Act (1890)  US gov. bought up silver to remove it from circulation
  2. 2. Price Indexes for Consumer & Farm Products: 1865-1913
  3. 3. Founder of the National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry (1867)
  4. 4. The Grange Movement  1870s – farmers set up cooperative associations
  5. 5. The Farmers Alliances  Late 1880s: grew from Grange but more political, less social  1890s: controlled eight state legislatures & had 47 Congressmen
  6. 6. The Populist (Peoples’) Party  July 1892: Founded by James B. Weaver  Almost 1 m. 1892 votes James B. Weaver, Presidential Candidate
  7. 7. Omaha Platform of 1892 1. SILVER! 2. Abolish National Bank 3. Direct election of Senators 4. Govt. RR, telephone & telegraph ownership, savings banks 5. Restrict immigration 6. 8-hour work day 7. Abolish Pinkertons 8. Adopt secret ballot 9. Single presidential term
  8. 8. 1892 Election
  9. 9. Causes of the 1893 Panic  10 days after Cleveland took office.  Over 16,000 businesses close  Stock market crash.  ~ 500 banks closed  By 1895: 3 m. unemployed
  10. 10. Here Lies Prosperity
  11. 11. Gold / Silver Bug Campaign Pins
  12. 12. William Jennings Bryan (1860-1925) The “Great Commoner”
  13. 13. Bryan’s “Cross of Gold” Speech You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns; you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold!
  14. 14. Democratic Party Taken Over by the Populists
  15. 15. Bryan: The Farmers Friend (The Mint Ratio) 18,000 miles of campaign “whistle stops.”
  16. 16. William McKinley (1843-1901)
  17. 17. The Seasoned Politician vs. The “Young” Newcomer
  18. 18. 1896 Election Results
  19. 19. Gold Triumphs Over Silver  1900  Gold Standard Act
  20. 20. The Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum
  21. 21. Henry Littlefield’s Thesis
  22. 22. “Parable of the Populists”?  Tornado  ?  Dorothy  ?  Toto  ?  Kansas  ?  Wicked Witch of the East  ?  Tin Woodsman  ?  Scarecrow  ?  Cowardly Lion  ?  Yellow Brick Road  ?  Silver Slippers  ?  Emerald City  ?  Oz  ?  The Wizard  ?  Munchkins  ?  Wicked Witch of the West  ?  Flying Monkeys  ?  Yellow Winkies  ?
  23. 23. Heyday of Western Populism

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