Kennedy

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Kennedy

  1. 1. JFK
  2. 2. “New Frontier” Goals• Increase aid to education• Health insurance to elderly• Create Dept. of Urban Affairs• Help Migrant Workers• Man on the moon by 1970
  3. 3. Kennedy Intensifies the Cold War• John F. Kennedy a "Cold Warrior"• Kennedy advisors supported U.S. hard line against Russia• Fear of “missile gap”
  4. 4. Flexible Response• Arms buildup • Conventional armed forces • The nuclear arsenal • Special Forces (Green Berets)• U.S. strength tempted Kennedy to challenge U.S.S.R.
  5. 5. Crisis over Berlin
  6. 6. Containment in Southeast Asia• JFK saw Vietnam as focus of U.S.- Soviet rivalry • Sent 16,000 American military "advisors" to Vietnam
  7. 7. 1959: Cuban Revolution
  8. 8. Containing Castro:The Bay of Pigs Fiasco
  9. 9. Containing Castro:The Cuban Missile Crisis
  10. 10. Containing Castro: The Cuban Missile Crisis• Political • JFK’s popularity soared • Democrats gain in Congressional elections• Diplomatic effects • Moderation of the Cold War • Russians began naval, nuclear buildup
  11. 11. Economic Advance• Economic stimulation – Keynesian Economics • Increased space and defense spending• Kennedys economic policies doubled growth, cut unemployment
  12. 12. A Marshall Plan for Latin America?• Kennedy wants to thwart communist expansion in Latin America• Alliance for Progress • $20 billion aid for better schools, housing and health care • Designed to counter leftist movements
  13. 13. The Peace Corps
  14. 14. "I Have a Dream"• May, 1963: Birmingham protests • Kennedy intervened on side of African-Americans • Congress asked for civil- rights laws• August, 1963: March on Washington
  15. 15. The Supreme Court and Reform• Defendants’ rights in criminal cases • Gideon vs. Wainwright, Esobedo vs. Illinois, Miranda vs. Arizona• Legislative reapportionment of states • 1962: Baker vs. Carr establishes "one man, one vote"• Engle vs. Vitale banned school prayer
  16. 16. "Let Us Continue"• November 22, 1963: JFK assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald• Lyndon Johnson promised to continue Kennedys programs

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