Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
The Pragmatic Patriot
1796 Election Results
Adams
Jefferson
 Problem:
◦ French stopping our ships
◦ We send negotiators to France
◦ French demand bribe
The XYZ Affair
• Roles:
• Narrator
• John Marshall, an American diplomat
• Elbridge Gerry, an American diplomat
• Charles ...
The XYZ Affair
Narrator: The French government did not like the Jay Treaty
because they felt it showed American favoritism...
The XYZ Affair
X: I assure you that this news of the alleged attacks is just as
much a surprise to us, as was news of your...
Y: There is one request we would like to make before taking
you to meet out honorable foreign minister.
Gerry: I'm sure we...
Marshall: $250,000! Surely ,this is a joke! Why would we pay
an outrageous sum such as that to merely speak to
Talleyrand?...
X: Our foreign minister is very occupied, dealing with the
concerns of the French nation and our allies. Neutral nations
m...
Y: You may threaten us all you like, we do not fear
threats of upstart nations. Our request still stands. If
you want to s...
Z: Talleyrand will be most disconcerted, I am sure.
(The three American men exit quickly and haughtily.
The French laugh h...
Narrator: When the American delegation returned
with the news of the bribery scheme, they identified
the three Frenchman a...
 Solution:
◦ Federalists want War
◦ Adams eventually sends new negotiators
◦ Much better 2nd time around
 "I desire no o...
 Outcome:
◦ Adams loses Fed. support
◦ Could be why he only serves one term
 Problem:
◦ Feds exploit war fever
◦ Feds want to prevent Dem Reps from criticizing
Adams
 Feds build army
◦ Ostensible ...
The Alien & Sedition Acts
Roles
Narrator
Federalists 1-8
The Alien & Sedition Acts
Narrator: Back home, the Federalists were creating
another crisis. They introduced a series of a...
The Alien & Sedition Acts
Federalist 1: It seems in this time of preparing
ourselves for war (wink, wink), we should intro...
Federalist 3 : A grand idea! While we are at it, Presidents
should surely be able to deport or imprison foreigners during
...
Federalist 6 : Wait - doesn't that violate our right to free
speech guaranteed in the Constitution?
Federalist 7 : Don't b...
Narrator: While the Sedition Act was in effect, the
government indicted fifteen Democratic Republican
newspaper editors, c...
 Solution:
◦ Alien Act: harder for immigrants to become
citizens and vote (most vote Democratic
Republican)
◦ Sedition Ac...
 Outcome:
◦ KY and VA Resolves are written by Madison and
Jefferson
 Problem:
◦ Dem Reps hate Alien and Sedition Acts.
◦ Courts won’t overturn because judges are Feds.
The KY & VA Resolutions
Roles
Narrator
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
The KY & VA Resolutions
Narrator: To the Democratic Republicans, the Alien
and Sedition Acts seemed to be a clear abuse of...
The KY & VA Resolutions
Jefferson: I say, Madison, those Alien and Sedition
acts are a preposterous breech on our freedom....
Jefferson: Yes. And so?
Madison: Having created the federal government,
surely it is within reason that we could nullify t...
Jefferson: Madison, that's brilliant, l will draw up
some resolutions about that theory as soon as
possible. I know Kentuc...
Narrator: And so, Jefferson and Madison led Kentucky
and Virginia to approving legal resolutions which
allowed them to nul...
 Solution:
◦ Dem Reps declare states can nullify federal laws
 Outcome:
◦ Fails because not enough States agree
◦ Nullification will still be debated
 Problem:
◦ Jefferson and Burr tie by accident
◦ Burr decides to run for President instead of Vice
President
The Election of 1800
Roles
Narrator
Electoral College Chair
Thomas Jefferson
Aaron Burr
Alexander Hamilton
The Election of 1800
Narrator: President John Adams and Vice President
Thomas Jefferson ran against each other in the
Pres...
The Election of 1800
Electoral College Chair: Order, order! Could the body
please come to order! The electoral ballots hav...
Burr: A tie between us?! We ran together and I was
intended to be Jefferson’s Vice-President. How can
this be?
Chair: Well...
Burr: I’m sure you are just smarting from your own
party’s crushing defeat, Hamilton. Do try and be a
more gracious loser....
Hamilton: That’s right. Now it’s a race between the
two of you for President.
Jefferson: In no time, they'll be calling yo...
Narrator: To Jefferson's shock and amazement, Burr
did in fact begin campaigning to be elected as
President, not Vice Pres...
 Solution:
◦ Hamilton hates Burr more than Jefferson
◦ Arranges for Jefferson to win tie-breaker
 Outcome:
◦ Jefferson = 3rd POTUS
◦ Revolution of 1800 - new party will takes power
◦ Jefferson’s inaugural: “We are all ...
 Election of 1800 one of the most important
 Transfer of power from Feds to Dem Reps
achieved peacefully
 Nation averte...
 Problem
◦ On Adams’ last day in office, a law creates new
judge jobs
◦ If Adams doesn’t hire them, Jefferson will give
R...
The Judiciary Act of 1801
Roles
Narrator
Assistant 1
President John Adams
Assistant 2
The Judiciary Act of 1801
Narrator: The last major accomplishment of the Adams
administration was the hurried passage of t...
Adams: Excellent. What does it provide?
Assistant 2: A new system of 16 circuit courts, and a
reduction in the number of t...
Adams: Very true, and sneaky, but it is already past
dinner time. We will never have enough time to write
and sign the com...
Narrator: Five hours later ....
Adams: Finally… the ... last… one...
Assistant 2: What say we leave the last of these for ...
 Solution:
◦ Adams stays up until midnight writing out letters to
new federalist judges
◦ Leaves them for Jefferson to de...
 Outcome:
◦ The new Secretary of State, James Madison, throws
letters away
◦ A Federalist named Marbury sues to get his j...
John adams dramas
John adams dramas
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

John adams dramas

1,747 views

Published on

John adams dramas

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

John adams dramas

  1. 1. The Pragmatic Patriot
  2. 2. 1796 Election Results Adams Jefferson
  3. 3.  Problem: ◦ French stopping our ships ◦ We send negotiators to France ◦ French demand bribe
  4. 4. The XYZ Affair • Roles: • Narrator • John Marshall, an American diplomat • Elbridge Gerry, an American diplomat • Charles Pickney, an American diplomat • X, a French official • Y, a French official • Z, a French official
  5. 5. The XYZ Affair Narrator: The French government did not like the Jay Treaty because they felt it showed American favoritism for Great Britain. In return, the French began seizing our merchant ships sailing to England. President Adams decided to send a mission of three men to France to bring American ship seizures to an end. Marshall: It is probably not a surprise to you that our American delegation is here in France. As you know, President Adams is quite upset about the way your country has been viciously attacking American ships on the high seas.
  6. 6. The XYZ Affair X: I assure you that this news of the alleged attacks is just as much a surprise to us, as was news of your country's recent treaty with Britain. Charles Pinckney: Well, we look forward to meeting your foreign minister Talleyrand so we can work towards a solution which is acceptable to us all. The United States hopes to have good relations with France and all the civilized countries of the world.
  7. 7. Y: There is one request we would like to make before taking you to meet out honorable foreign minister. Gerry: I'm sure we will be happy to fulfill it, what would it be? Z: We would like to request a one time payment for the honor of meeting with our esteemed officials. They are very busy men as you know. Marshall: A payment? Did you say a payment? Pinckney: How absurd? A payment of what amount? X: A mere $250,000.
  8. 8. Marshall: $250,000! Surely ,this is a joke! Why would we pay an outrageous sum such as that to merely speak to Talleyrand? Y: I'm sure you do not want to appear ungrateful - why your country would not even exist without the loyalty of the French. Have you forgotten our past kindness? Z: It would seem you have indeed turned your backs on us considering Washington's Proclamation of Neutrality.
  9. 9. X: Our foreign minister is very occupied, dealing with the concerns of the French nation and our allies. Neutral nations must recognize our generosity in making time for diplomatic negotiation to addresses your country's concerns. We do insist upon payment. Gerry: If you are under any impression that we shall be disrespected in this way, you are gravely mistaken! Might I remind you that the Federalists in America are already eager to go to war with France over this shipping issue. Marshall: This diplomatic insult may be just the incentive they need to act on their inclinations!
  10. 10. Y: You may threaten us all you like, we do not fear threats of upstart nations. Our request still stands. If you want to see Tallyrand, you will have to meet our demands. Pinckney: We will not waste our time further. Inform your foreign minister that we have declined his attempt at bribery, and we will return to the United States and spread news of this indignity to our good American people.
  11. 11. Z: Talleyrand will be most disconcerted, I am sure. (The three American men exit quickly and haughtily. The French laugh heartily at their pouting)
  12. 12. Narrator: When the American delegation returned with the news of the bribery scheme, they identified the three Frenchman as X, Y, and Z. The Federalists were outraged and demanded war. Adams resisted their pressure and proposed that we strengthen our navy. He eventually sent another delegation to France and the French finally promised the seas would be free for American ships. Meanwhile, Adams was criticized by his party for backing down from the French insult and refusing to go to war.
  13. 13.  Solution: ◦ Federalists want War ◦ Adams eventually sends new negotiators ◦ Much better 2nd time around  "I desire no other inscription over my gravestone than: Here lies John Adams, who took upon himself the responsibility of the peace with France in the year 1800.“  - John Adams, 1815
  14. 14.  Outcome: ◦ Adams loses Fed. support ◦ Could be why he only serves one term
  15. 15.  Problem: ◦ Feds exploit war fever ◦ Feds want to prevent Dem Reps from criticizing Adams  Feds build army ◦ Ostensible purpose: repel French invasion ◦ Actual intention: stifle internal opposition  Hamilton sought war w/ France to begin operations against Dem Reps.
  16. 16. The Alien & Sedition Acts Roles Narrator Federalists 1-8
  17. 17. The Alien & Sedition Acts Narrator: Back home, the Federalists were creating another crisis. They introduced a series of acts in Congress, supposedly to prepare the nation for war. When passed by Congress, these laws were the most repressive ever adopted in the United States.
  18. 18. The Alien & Sedition Acts Federalist 1: It seems in this time of preparing ourselves for war (wink, wink), we should introduce some laws in Congress which would protect the United States. Federalist 2: I wholeheartedly agree! By chance, I have been thinking that we should increase the number of years you must live here to be a citizen. Not only could we protect ourselves from traitors, but most of those scoundrels vote for Jefferson’s Democratic Republicans anyway!
  19. 19. Federalist 3 : A grand idea! While we are at it, Presidents should surely be able to deport or imprison foreigners during war time. Federalist 4: A sensible idea! Let's propose those measures right away! We’ll call it the Alien Act! Federalist 5 : Wait! Wait! I have an even better idea that will serve the interests of our Federalist party. We should imprison or fine anyone who speaks against the government or criticizes U.S. officials! That way - we can curb Democratic Republican criticism!
  20. 20. Federalist 6 : Wait - doesn't that violate our right to free speech guaranteed in the Constitution? Federalist 7 : Don't be such a ninny! This is a perfectly good idea! We can even make the law expire on the day of the next presidential inauguration. Then, if we lose the election, we will be free to criticize the new Democratic Republican government. If we win, we can renew the law. We can call it the Sedition Act. Federalist 8 : Excellent. Let's draw these plans up and get them to Congress. Long live the Federalist Part! All: Long live the Federalist Party!
  21. 21. Narrator: While the Sedition Act was in effect, the government indicted fifteen Democratic Republican newspaper editors, convicting ten.
  22. 22.  Solution: ◦ Alien Act: harder for immigrants to become citizens and vote (most vote Democratic Republican) ◦ Sedition Acts: illegal to criticize government
  23. 23.  Outcome: ◦ KY and VA Resolves are written by Madison and Jefferson
  24. 24.  Problem: ◦ Dem Reps hate Alien and Sedition Acts. ◦ Courts won’t overturn because judges are Feds.
  25. 25. The KY & VA Resolutions Roles Narrator Thomas Jefferson James Madison
  26. 26. The KY & VA Resolutions Narrator: To the Democratic Republicans, the Alien and Sedition Acts seemed to be a clear abuse of governmental power. Since Federalists controlled the federal courts, the Democratic Republicans turned to the individual state governments in an attempt to end the persecution stemming from the acts. In 1798, the Kentucky and Virginia legislatures decided they would nullify, or declare invalid, any law the federal government passed. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison helped shape this legislation by actually writing the resolutions.
  27. 27. The KY & VA Resolutions Jefferson: I say, Madison, those Alien and Sedition acts are a preposterous breech on our freedom. Madison: Yes, yes, I agree. But what can be done? Jefferson: As I've said before - it seems we've created a monster by allowing such a strong federal government. Madison: Why, Jefferson, do you realize what you have stumbled upon? The states created the nation.
  28. 28. Jefferson: Yes. And so? Madison: Having created the federal government, surely it is within reason that we could nullify those laws we don't agree with. Jefferson: You mean overrule bad laws made on the federal level? Madison: Yes!
  29. 29. Jefferson: Madison, that's brilliant, l will draw up some resolutions about that theory as soon as possible. I know Kentucky is debating what to do about these unfair laws. Madison: So is Virginia. I'll see what I can do there. (They exit)
  30. 30. Narrator: And so, Jefferson and Madison led Kentucky and Virginia to approving legal resolutions which allowed them to nullify federal laws. Unfortunately, they had little effect because no other states followed and the Alien and Sedition Acts eventually expired. Still, the issue of who had to power to nullify bad federal laws would be a continuing debate.
  31. 31.  Solution: ◦ Dem Reps declare states can nullify federal laws
  32. 32.  Outcome: ◦ Fails because not enough States agree ◦ Nullification will still be debated
  33. 33.  Problem: ◦ Jefferson and Burr tie by accident ◦ Burr decides to run for President instead of Vice President
  34. 34. The Election of 1800 Roles Narrator Electoral College Chair Thomas Jefferson Aaron Burr Alexander Hamilton
  35. 35. The Election of 1800 Narrator: President John Adams and Vice President Thomas Jefferson ran against each other in the Presidential Election of 1800. Adams was the incumbent, but had faced criticism from his own Federalist party and the Democratic Republicans. Thomas Pinckney was Adams’ running mate and Aaron Burr was Jefferson’s. After the election, the electoral college gathered to cast their ballots and elect a President. In those days, each elector had two votes they could cast.
  36. 36. The Election of 1800 Electoral College Chair: Order, order! Could the body please come to order! The electoral ballots have been cast and counted. I will read the results. I am afraid we have rendered a tied vote. . . . Jefferson: A tie vote? Adams and I tied? Chair: Actually, it is a tie between Mr. Jefferson and Mr. Burr.
  37. 37. Burr: A tie between us?! We ran together and I was intended to be Jefferson’s Vice-President. How can this be? Chair: Well, I suppose each of your electors cast one vote for each of you. They each have two votes. That would make the votes you received even in number. Hamilton: Had you been wise, you would have told one of your electors to cast a blank ballot instead of voting for Burr. Then Jefferson would have come in first, and Burr second. What a pity for you both.
  38. 38. Burr: I’m sure you are just smarting from your own party’s crushing defeat, Hamilton. Do try and be a more gracious loser. Hamilton: Speaking of losers, aren’t you in line to be the next Vice President. The big #2? Or are you reconsidering that decision? Jefferson: Gentlemen! Please! This will be an easy problem to solve. The vote will go to the House of Representatives. Burr: Wait, in the House they will choose between the two of us, right?
  39. 39. Hamilton: That’s right. Now it’s a race between the two of you for President. Jefferson: In no time, they'll be calling you Mr. Vice President, eh, Burr? Well, I must go thank my supporters. Hamilton: And I must go console dear Mr. Adams . . . Burr: Perhaps I should go consult my closest advisors. Why settle for being second best? Only a fool would pass up this opportunity! Perhaps I am destined to be president after all. It has a nice ring to it - "President Burr".
  40. 40. Narrator: To Jefferson's shock and amazement, Burr did in fact begin campaigning to be elected as President, not Vice President. The House of Representatives cast 35 tied rounds of ballots before Alexander Hamilton convinced two people to cast blank ballots, making Jefferson victorious. Hamilton, quite simply, chose between the lesser of the two evils. While he disliked Jefferson's political views, he hated Burr more. Jefferson became the first Democratic Republican president. Aaron Burr grudgingly became Vice President. Years later, Burr, won his revenge against Hamilton by shooting and killing him in a duel.
  41. 41.  Solution: ◦ Hamilton hates Burr more than Jefferson ◦ Arranges for Jefferson to win tie-breaker
  42. 42.  Outcome: ◦ Jefferson = 3rd POTUS ◦ Revolution of 1800 - new party will takes power ◦ Jefferson’s inaugural: “We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.” ◦ 12th amendment passed- makes running mates and each elector gets one vote
  43. 43.  Election of 1800 one of the most important  Transfer of power from Feds to Dem Reps achieved peacefully  Nation averted ideological civil war
  44. 44.  Problem ◦ On Adams’ last day in office, a law creates new judge jobs ◦ If Adams doesn’t hire them, Jefferson will give Republicans the jobs
  45. 45. The Judiciary Act of 1801 Roles Narrator Assistant 1 President John Adams Assistant 2
  46. 46. The Judiciary Act of 1801 Narrator: The last major accomplishment of the Adams administration was the hurried passage of the Judiciary Act of 1801. By appointing all the federal judges it required, he could ensure that the Federalists would maintain control of the courts while the Democratic Republicans were in office. (Both assistants run in breathless) Assistant 1: Good news! Good news! We finally got that Judiciary Act pushed through Congress!
  47. 47. Adams: Excellent. What does it provide? Assistant 2: A new system of 16 circuit courts, and a reduction in the number of the Supreme Court Justices from 6 to 5. Assistant 1: You know, with some quick work, we could get these appointments done by midnight. Assistant 2: So? Assistant 1: So, dummy, we could pack the courts with Federalist judges instead of leaving it for Jefferson to appoint Democratic Republicans to the positions. Wouldn't that burn old TJ.
  48. 48. Adams: Very true, and sneaky, but it is already past dinner time. We will never have enough time to write and sign the commissions. Perhaps this court packing plan just isn't meant to be. Assistant 1: Nonsense! Get out the pens, (begins scrambling around to find these things) get out the paper, we can beat the clock. President Adams, get your writing hand warmed up ... It’s gonna be a long night.
  49. 49. Narrator: Five hours later .... Adams: Finally… the ... last… one... Assistant 2: What say we leave the last of these for the new administration to deliver? Adams: Fine, fine... Long live the Federalists... Assistants: (weakly) Long live the Federalists...
  50. 50.  Solution: ◦ Adams stays up until midnight writing out letters to new federalist judges ◦ Leaves them for Jefferson to deliver
  51. 51.  Outcome: ◦ The new Secretary of State, James Madison, throws letters away ◦ A Federalist named Marbury sues to get his job  Marbury v. Madison  Doesn’t get job  John Marshall- declares whole law unconstitutional, “judicial review” is established.  Article III / the judicial branch is “fixed”!

×