Good feelings, jacksonian democracy, and manifest destiny pt 1
Objectives2.01 Analyze the effects of territorial expansion and the admission of new states to the Union.2.02 Describe how the growth of nationalism and sectionalism were reflected in art, literature, and language.2.03 Distinguish between the economic and social issues that led to sectionalism and nationalism.2.04 Assess political events, issues, and personalities that contributed to sectionalism and nationalism.2.05 Identify the major reform movements and evaluate their effectiveness.2.06 Evaluate the role of religion in the debate over slavery and other social movements and issues.
POTUS No. 5:James Monroe, 1816-1824 in co-starring John Quincy Adams as Sec State
The Monroe Doctrine, 1823 “… the American continents, by the free and independent condition which they have assumed and maintain, are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers …”
Opposition to JQA• Control by elites?• Constitutionality of economic development? • National university • Astronomical observatory • Naval academy• Strong president = threat to ind. liberties?
“Tariff of Abomination”Tariff of 1816 textilesTariff of 1824 iron goodsTariff of 1828 raw materials (wool and hemp) • Supported by Jacksonians to gain votes from farmers in NY, OH, KY. • South = against
1828 ElectionJackson campaign managed bySen. Martin Van Buren (NY)• Re-created Dem Party from old Jefferson coalition: farmers, artisans, planters• Nat’l committee over local party units• Mass meetings, parades, picnics• Political mudslinging
Second Bank of the US• “Soft” money • “Hard” money (paper) (specie)• Federal power • State power Nicholas Biddle
“ … you have used the funds of the bank to speculate in thebreadstuffs of the country. When you won, you divided theprofits amongst you, and when you lost, you charged it to thebank.You tell me that if I take the deposits from the bank and annul itscharter I shall ruin ten thousand families. That may be true,gentlemen, but that is your sin! Should I let you go on, you willruin fifty thousand families, and that would be my sin!You are a den of vipers and thieves. Ihave determined to rout you out, andby the Eternal, I will rout you out!”
Photo of Andrew Jackson in 1844 (one year before death) Final Recorded Words: “Oh, do not cry. Be good children, and we shall all meet in Heaven... I want to meet you all, white and black, in Heaven.”1767 - 1845
starring POTUS No. 8: Martin Van Buren, 1837-1841
Van Buren Taking the Blame for Jacksons Monetary Policies
Election of 1840 William Henry John Tyler Harrison Whig Challengers:“Tippecanoe, and Tyler, Too!”