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European colonialisminafrica

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European colonialisminafrica

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European colonialisminafrica

  1. 1. Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. African Trade [15c-17c]
  3. 3. Pre-19c European Trade with Africa
  4. 4. Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution Source for Raw Materials Source for Raw Materials Markets for Finished Goods Markets for Finished Goods European Nationalism European Nationalism Missionary Activity Missionary Activity Military & Naval Bases Military & Naval Bases European Motives For Colonization European Motives For Colonization Places to Dump Unwanted/ Excess Popul. Places to Dump Unwanted/ Excess Popul. Soc. & Eco. Opportunities Soc. & Eco. Opportunities Humanitarian Reasons Humanitarian Reasons European Racism European Racism “White Man’s Burden” “White Man’s Burden” Social Darwinism Social Darwinism
  5. 5. European Explorers in Africa 19c  Europeans Map the Interior of Africa
  6. 6. 1. Where Is Dr. Livingstone? Dr. David Livingstone Doctor Livingstone, I Presume? Sir Henry Morton Stanley
  7. 7. European Explorations in mid-19c: “The Scramble for Africa”
  8. 8. 2. What is the Source of the Nile? John Speke Sir Richard Burton
  9. 9. Africa 1890
  10. 10. Africa in 1914
  11. 11. Social Darwinism
  12. 12. The “White Man’s Burden” Rudyard Kipling
  13. 13. The “White Man’s Burden”?
  14. 14. The Congo Free State or The Belgian Congo
  15. 15. King Leopold II: (r. 1865 – 1909)
  16. 16. Harvesting Rubber
  17. 17. Punishing “Lazy” Workers
  18. 18. 5-8 Million Victims! (50% of Popul.) It is blood-curdling to see them (the soldiers) returning with the hands of the slain, and to find the hands of young children amongst the bigger ones evidencing their bravery...The rubber from this district has cost hundreds of lives, and the scenes I have witnessed, while unable to help the oppressed, have been almost enough to make me wish I were dead... This rubber traffic is steeped in blood, and if the natives were to rise and sweep every white person on the Upper Congo into eternity, there would still be left a fearful balance to their credit. -- Belgian Official
  19. 19. Belgium’s Stranglehold on the Congo
  20. 20. Leopold’s Conscience??
  21. 21. Berlin Conference of 1884-1885 Another point of view? 
  22. 22. Berlin Conference of 1884-1885
  23. 23. European Colonization/Decolonization Patterns Berlin Conference of 1884-85
  24. 24. Leopold Defends Himself in Paris, 1903 King Leopold (to Loubert) : How about that!  John Bull claims that I tortured, robbed and murdered more than he did. . . Loubert : No, your Majesty, that's impossible .
  25. 25. Dutch Landing in 1652
  26. 26. Shaka Zulu (1785 – 1828)
  27. 27. Boers Clash With the Xhosa Tribes Boer Farmer
  28. 28. The Great Trek, 1836-38 Afrikaners
  29. 29. Diamond Mines Raw Diamonds
  30. 30. The Struggle for South Africa
  31. 31. Cecil Rhodes (1853-1902) “The Colossus of Rhodes”
  32. 32. Uncle Sam: “The Colossus of the Pacific” (A Parody)
  33. 33. Paul Kruger (1825-1904)
  34. 34. Boer-British Tensions Increase  1877 – Britain annexed the Transvaal.  1883 – Boers fought British in the Transvaal and regained its independence. - Paul Kruger becomes President.  1880s – Gold discovered in the Transvaal
  35. 35. The Boer War: 1899 - 1900 The Boers The British
  36. 36. A Future British Prime Minister British Boer War Correspondent, Winston Churchill
  37. 37. The Struggle for South Africa

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