Ancient middleeast 2 (1)

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Ancient middleeast 2 (1)

  1. 1. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. A View of Egypt by Satellite
  3. 3. The Fertile Nile Valley
  4. 4. The Annual Flooding of the Nile
  5. 5. Nile Irrigation-the Shaduf
  6. 6. Ancient Egyptian History Periods TimeFrame Nile Culture Begins 3900 B. C. Archaic 3100 – 2650 B. C. Old Kingdom 2650 – 2134 B. C. Middle Kingdom 2040 – 1640 B. C. New Kingdom 1550 – 1070 B. C. Late Period 750 – 332 B. C. GreekPtolemaic Era 332 – 30 B. C. Roman Period 30 B. C. – 395 A.D.
  7. 7. Menes: Unifierof Upper& LowerEgypt c. 3050 B. C.
  8. 8. Ancient Egyptian Housing Middle Class Homes Peasant Homes
  9. 9. Scenes of Ancient Egyptian Daily Life
  10. 10. Making Ancient Egyptian Beer
  11. 11. Making Ancient Egyptian Wine
  12. 12. An Egyptian Woman’s “Must- Haves” Perfume Whigs Mirror
  13. 13. Egyptian Social Hierarchy
  14. 14. Some Famous Egyptian Pharaohs Thutmose III 1504-1450 B. C. Ramses II 1279-1212 B. C. Tutankhamon 1336-1327 B. C.
  15. 15. Egyptian Nobility
  16. 16. Egyptian Priestly Class
  17. 17. Egyptian Scribe
  18. 18. Papyrus  Paper Papyrus Plant Hieratic Scroll Piece
  19. 19. Egyptian Math & Draftsmenship 11 1010 100100 10001000 10,00010,000 100,000100,000 1,000,0001,000,000 What numberis this?
  20. 20. Champollion & the Rosetta Stone
  21. 21. Hieroglyphic “Cartouche”
  22. 22. Hieroglyphics “Alphabet” 24 “letters” + 700 phonetic symbols
  23. 23. Egyptian Creation Myth The Goddess Nut
  24. 24. Egyptian Gods & Goddesses: “The Sacred ‘Trinity’” Osiris Isis Horus
  25. 25. Preparations forthe Underworld Priests protected yourKA, orsoul- spirit ANUBIS weighs the dead person’s heart against a feather.
  26. 26. Materials Used in Mummification 1. Linen 6. Natron 2. Sawdust 7. Onion 3. Lichen 8. Nile Mud 4. Beeswax 9. Linen Pads 5. Resin 10. Frankinsense
  27. 27. Preparation for the Afterlife
  28. 28. Egyptian Mummies Seti I 1291-1278 B. C. Queen Tiye, wife of Amenhotep II 1210-1200 B. C. Ramses II 1279-1212 B. C.
  29. 29. Journey to the Underworld A boat forthe journey is provided fora dead pharaoh in his tomb. The dead travel on the “Solar Bark.”
  30. 30. Egyptian Bookof theDead
  31. 31. The Final Judgement Anubis Horus Osiris
  32. 32. Shabtis: The Pharaoh’s Servants in the Afterlife
  33. 33. Stepped Pyramid at Saqqara
  34. 34. “Bent” Pyramid of King Sneferu
  35. 35. Giza Pyramid Complex
  36. 36. Plan of the Great Pyramid of Khufu
  37. 37. The Valley of the Kings
  38. 38. Archaeologist, Howard Carter(1922)
  39. 39. Entrance to King “Tut’s” Tomb
  40. 40. King Tutankhamon’s Death Mask 1336-1327 B. C.
  41. 41. King Tutankhamon
  42. 42. King Tutankhamun’s Tomb
  43. 43. Treasures FromTut’s Tomb
  44. 44. The Valley of the Queens Temple of Queen Hatshepsut1473-1458 B. C.
  45. 45. Ankhenaton: First Monotheist? 1352-1336 B. C.
  46. 46. The Ankh – The “Cross” of Life
  47. 47. Queen Nefertiti
  48. 48. Abu Simbel: Monument to Ramses II 1279-1213 B. C.
  49. 49. Who Are These Strange People?
  50. 50. Routes of the “Sea Peoples” The end of the Bronze Age!

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