Chapter 6 Section 1


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Chapter 6 Section 1

  1. 1. “ Declaration of Independence” Unit 2 – Chapter 6 – Section 1
  2. 2. Colonists Divided <ul><li>In 1776 there was no real majority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There were passionate Loyalists and Patriots. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the colonists were undecided with no strong feelings. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Loyalists tried to use the idea of independence as a way to frighten people to give up struggle. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Common Sense <ul><li>In January of 1776 a 50 page pamphlet titled Common Sense which stimulated broad support for independence. </li></ul><ul><li>The author Thomas Paine, ridiculed the very idea of the rule by kings. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Argued that the colonists are better off governing themselves. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Called King George a “royal brute”. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Paine’s strong logic and powerful words inspired many and changed minds. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Virginia’s Resolution <ul><li>The colony of Virginia authorized it’s delegates to support independence </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Henry Lee first proposed the resolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Before voting on the resolution Congress wanted a statement for reasons for separation from Britain. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson penned the Declaration of Independence. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Declaration of Independence <ul><li>1. Preamble: </li></ul><ul><li>When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Declaration of Independence <ul><li>2. Natural Rights: </li></ul><ul><li>John Locke and the Enlightenment Movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Governments exist to protect the rights of the people. </li></ul><ul><li>If a government violates those rights the people have the right to abolish their government and create another. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Declaration of Independence <ul><li>3. List of Grievances: </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson had to prove that Britain had indeed violated the colonists rights. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trial by jury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxes without consent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No response to petitions </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Declaration of Independence <ul><li>4. Dissolving the Bonds: </li></ul><ul><li>We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these united Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States, that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. — And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes, and our sacred Honor. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Impact of the Declaration <ul><li>July 4, 1776 Congress approved the Declaration. </li></ul><ul><li>Signed on August 2 nd , 1776 </li></ul><ul><li>No longer were the colonists fighting for fair treatment. Now the war was for a new nation! </li></ul><ul><li>Enduring (timeless) Document. </li></ul>