Sabbath school lesson 2, 1st quarter 2022

David Syahputra
David SyahputraTeacher at Seventh-day Adventist Church
Lesson 2 for January 8, 2022
Adapted from www.fustero.es
www.gmahktanjungpinang.org
“Inti segala yang kita bicarakan itu ialah: kita mempunyai
Imam Besar yang demikian, yang duduk di sebelah kanan
takhta Yang Mahabesar di sorga” (Ibrani 8: 1).
The Son of David:
Our King
Our Representative
Our Champion
Priest according to the order of Melchizedek:
Our High Priest
Our Mediator in the New Covenant
Which is the main message of Hebrews?
JESUS. Jesus is the main subject of this book.
He fulfilled all the promises God had made in the
Old Covenant, and He represents the realities of
the New Covenant.
How is Jesus introduced in Hebrews?
OUR KING
“But to the Son He says: ‘Your throne, O God, is
forever and ever; a scepter of righteousness is the
scepter of Your kingdom.” (Hebrews 1:8)
God gave Adam and Eve dominion over this world (Gn. 1:28). Satan
usurped it when they sinned (Jn. 12:31). God promised that a Seed
would restore humanity (Gn. 3:15; 22:18; Gal. 3:16).
1. God installed Jesus as His Son (v. 5)
2. He introduced Jesus to the heavenly court (v. 6-8)
3. He inthronized Him and gave Him power (v. 13)
Later, David was promised that a King from his lineage (the
Seed) would govern the world and free it from the power of the
enemy (2S. 7:16; Lk. 1:31-32; Rev. 5:5).
Who did it, according to Hebrews? (Heb. 1:5-8, 13)
God adopted Israel as His children. He promised them that He would dwell with them, and
that He would give them rest from their enemies (Ex. 4:22; 29:45; Dt. 25:19). In return,
they had to be faithful (Dt. 31:12).
OUR REPRESENTATIVE “but Christ [was faithful] as a Son over
His own house, whose house we are
[...]” (Hebrews 3:6)
After some time, those
promises were transferred
to David’s lineage (2S. 7:12-
13). After all, it was easier
for a single person to be
faithful than a whole
nation. Therefore, the king
represented the people.
However, none of David’s
descendants was completely
faithful (some of them were
really wicked!).
Jesus was
perfectly faithful
(Heb. 3:6). That’s
why Jesus is our
representative.
The promises that
God made to His
people were
fulfilled through
Jesus. God’s
blessings flow
through Him.
Israel wanted a king to judge them and to lead them in
combat (1S. 8:20). Hebrews introduces Jesus as our
defender, the champion who fights for us (Heb. 2:16).
Like David against Goliath, Jesus fought against Satan
in our place (1S. 17:8-9). He took the armor, fought
against the enemy, and won the war (Is. 59:17; 42:13;
Rev. 12:7-9).
We are part of His army (the Church). We also
take the armor and fight along our brothers and
sisters. He is our Champion who will lead us in
the battles to come (Eph. 6:11; Rev. 12:11).
Victory is guaranteed, thanks to our Champion,
Jesus (Rev. 3:21).
OUR CHAMPION
“For indeed He does not give aid to
angels, but He does give aid to the
seed of Abraham.” (Hebrews 2:16)
What did Israel’s priests do?
They were
mediators
between God
and humans
(Nm. 18:22-23)
They offered
sacrifices to be
forgiven and
purified (Lv. 1:5;
14:31)
They taught
God’s Law (Lv.
10:11)
They blessed others
in the name of God
(Nm. 6:23-27)
Jesus assumed this role
when God appointed Him
(under oath) Priest
according to the order of
Melchizedek
(Heb. 7:21).
So we no longer need
earthly priests to
intercede on our behalf.
On the other hand, we ALL
are collaborators of Jesus.
We are “royal priesthood,”
offered as sacrifices of
praise to God (1P. 2:9;
Heb. 13:15).
OUR HIGH PRIEST “where the forerunner has entered for us, even
Jesus, having become High Priest forever according
to the order of Melchizedek.” (Hebrews 6:20)
OUR MEDIATOR IN
THE NEW COVENANT
According to Hebrews,
why is the new
covenant better than
the old one?
Old covenant
Earthly sanctuary
[shadow] (8:5)
Inaugurated with the
blood of animals (9:19-20)
Sacrifices that did not
perfect anyone (10:1)
Many sacrifices (10:11)
Mortal priests (7:23)
Imperfect priests (7:28)
New covenant
Heavenly sanctuary
[reality] (8:2)
Inaugurated with the
blood of Christ (9:12)
A sacrifice that perfects us
(9:14)
One sacrifice (9:26)
Immortal priest (7:24)
Perfect priest (7:26)
“In that He says, ‘A new covenant,’ He has made the
first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and
growing old is ready to vanish away.” (Hebrews8:13)
“Jesus consented to take human
nature, that He might know how to
pity, and how to plead with His Father
in behalf of sinful, erring mortals. He
volunteered to become man’s
Advocate, and He humiliated Himself
to become acquainted with the
temptations wherewith man was
beset, that He might succor those who
should be tempted, and be a tender
and faithful high priest.”
E. G. W. (Testimonies for the Church, book 3, cp. 9, p. 93)
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Sabbath school lesson 2, 1st quarter 2022

  • 1. Lesson 2 for January 8, 2022 Adapted from www.fustero.es www.gmahktanjungpinang.org “Inti segala yang kita bicarakan itu ialah: kita mempunyai Imam Besar yang demikian, yang duduk di sebelah kanan takhta Yang Mahabesar di sorga” (Ibrani 8: 1).
  • 2. The Son of David: Our King Our Representative Our Champion Priest according to the order of Melchizedek: Our High Priest Our Mediator in the New Covenant Which is the main message of Hebrews? JESUS. Jesus is the main subject of this book. He fulfilled all the promises God had made in the Old Covenant, and He represents the realities of the New Covenant. How is Jesus introduced in Hebrews?
  • 3. OUR KING “But to the Son He says: ‘Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom.” (Hebrews 1:8) God gave Adam and Eve dominion over this world (Gn. 1:28). Satan usurped it when they sinned (Jn. 12:31). God promised that a Seed would restore humanity (Gn. 3:15; 22:18; Gal. 3:16). 1. God installed Jesus as His Son (v. 5) 2. He introduced Jesus to the heavenly court (v. 6-8) 3. He inthronized Him and gave Him power (v. 13) Later, David was promised that a King from his lineage (the Seed) would govern the world and free it from the power of the enemy (2S. 7:16; Lk. 1:31-32; Rev. 5:5). Who did it, according to Hebrews? (Heb. 1:5-8, 13)
  • 4. God adopted Israel as His children. He promised them that He would dwell with them, and that He would give them rest from their enemies (Ex. 4:22; 29:45; Dt. 25:19). In return, they had to be faithful (Dt. 31:12). OUR REPRESENTATIVE “but Christ [was faithful] as a Son over His own house, whose house we are [...]” (Hebrews 3:6) After some time, those promises were transferred to David’s lineage (2S. 7:12- 13). After all, it was easier for a single person to be faithful than a whole nation. Therefore, the king represented the people. However, none of David’s descendants was completely faithful (some of them were really wicked!). Jesus was perfectly faithful (Heb. 3:6). That’s why Jesus is our representative. The promises that God made to His people were fulfilled through Jesus. God’s blessings flow through Him.
  • 5. Israel wanted a king to judge them and to lead them in combat (1S. 8:20). Hebrews introduces Jesus as our defender, the champion who fights for us (Heb. 2:16). Like David against Goliath, Jesus fought against Satan in our place (1S. 17:8-9). He took the armor, fought against the enemy, and won the war (Is. 59:17; 42:13; Rev. 12:7-9). We are part of His army (the Church). We also take the armor and fight along our brothers and sisters. He is our Champion who will lead us in the battles to come (Eph. 6:11; Rev. 12:11). Victory is guaranteed, thanks to our Champion, Jesus (Rev. 3:21). OUR CHAMPION “For indeed He does not give aid to angels, but He does give aid to the seed of Abraham.” (Hebrews 2:16)
  • 6. What did Israel’s priests do? They were mediators between God and humans (Nm. 18:22-23) They offered sacrifices to be forgiven and purified (Lv. 1:5; 14:31) They taught God’s Law (Lv. 10:11) They blessed others in the name of God (Nm. 6:23-27) Jesus assumed this role when God appointed Him (under oath) Priest according to the order of Melchizedek (Heb. 7:21). So we no longer need earthly priests to intercede on our behalf. On the other hand, we ALL are collaborators of Jesus. We are “royal priesthood,” offered as sacrifices of praise to God (1P. 2:9; Heb. 13:15). OUR HIGH PRIEST “where the forerunner has entered for us, even Jesus, having become High Priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.” (Hebrews 6:20)
  • 7. OUR MEDIATOR IN THE NEW COVENANT According to Hebrews, why is the new covenant better than the old one? Old covenant Earthly sanctuary [shadow] (8:5) Inaugurated with the blood of animals (9:19-20) Sacrifices that did not perfect anyone (10:1) Many sacrifices (10:11) Mortal priests (7:23) Imperfect priests (7:28) New covenant Heavenly sanctuary [reality] (8:2) Inaugurated with the blood of Christ (9:12) A sacrifice that perfects us (9:14) One sacrifice (9:26) Immortal priest (7:24) Perfect priest (7:26) “In that He says, ‘A new covenant,’ He has made the first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away.” (Hebrews8:13)
  • 8. “Jesus consented to take human nature, that He might know how to pity, and how to plead with His Father in behalf of sinful, erring mortals. He volunteered to become man’s Advocate, and He humiliated Himself to become acquainted with the temptations wherewith man was beset, that He might succor those who should be tempted, and be a tender and faithful high priest.” E. G. W. (Testimonies for the Church, book 3, cp. 9, p. 93)