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 What are the common aspects of all
superhero stories?
 Hint: Stories about childhood difficulties,
 a physical ailment...
 Joseph Campbell, a philosopher, wrote a book in
which he described common aspects of all stories
about heroes. His book,...
 There are 17 aspects that depict the life of the
Hero.
 Here are the first five:
 The first set is called the
 Depart...
1.The Call to Adventure
The call to adventure is the point in a person's life
when they are first given notice that everyt...
2. Refusal of the Call
Often when the call is given, the future hero
refuses to heed it. This may be from a sense of
duty ...
3. Supernatural Aid
Once the hero has committed to the quest,
consciously or unconsciously, his or her guide and
magical h...
4. The Crossing of the First Threshold
This is the point where the person actually crosses
into the field of adventure, le...
 5. The Belly of the Whale (from the story of Jonah
and the Whale)
The belly of the whale represents the final
separation...
 He must go on a journey and learn some
important things which he/or she must bring
back and share with society… He or Sh...
 How do the characters in Star Wars fit the five
aspects of the Hero’s Journey?
B Inititiation
1. The Road of Trials
The road of trials is a series of tests, tasks, or ordeals that the person must under...
 Challenges heroes must overcome:
 External:
Natural: storms, terrain, animals, etc…
Man-made: Wars, disputes with frien...
A. Return
1. Refusal of the Return
So why, when all has been achieved, and we have conversed with the gods.
Why come back ...
4. The Return
The trick in returning is to retain the wisdom gained on the quest, and then
figure out how to share the wis...
 Begin reading the first book of The Odyssey.
 Start research project on Greek mythology:
Joseph Campbell - The Hero's Journey
Joseph Campbell - The Hero's Journey
Joseph Campbell - The Hero's Journey
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Joseph Campbell - The Hero's Journey

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Activities and information about Joseph Campbell's "The Hero With A Thousand Faces"

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Joseph Campbell - The Hero's Journey

  1. 1.  What are the common aspects of all superhero stories?  Hint: Stories about childhood difficulties,  a physical ailment or weakness, etc..  List at least 4 characteristics that all superheroes have in common
  2. 2.  Joseph Campbell, a philosopher, wrote a book in which he described common aspects of all stories about heroes. His book, The Hero with A Thousand Faces, inspired George Lucas to write and direct Star Wars.
  3. 3.  There are 17 aspects that depict the life of the Hero.  Here are the first five:  The first set is called the  Departure: This is the beginning of Hero’s Journey
  4. 4. 1.The Call to Adventure The call to adventure is the point in a person's life when they are first given notice that everything is going to change, whether they know it or not. a. Think about the Superhero you have chosen. What was his/her first ‘call to adventure’?
  5. 5. 2. Refusal of the Call Often when the call is given, the future hero refuses to heed it. This may be from a sense of duty or obligation, fear, insecurity, a sense of inadequacy, or any of a range of reasons that work to hold the person in his or her current circumstances. a. When did your superhero have his/her ‘refusal of the call’?
  6. 6. 3. Supernatural Aid Once the hero has committed to the quest, consciously or unconsciously, his or her guide and magical helper appears, or becomes known. a. What ‘supernatural aid’ does your superhero receive?
  7. 7. 4. The Crossing of the First Threshold This is the point where the person actually crosses into the field of adventure, leaving the known limits of his or her world and venturing into an unknown and dangerous realm where the rules and limits are not known. a. When did your superhero first do his/her heroic deed? When did they first meet the challenge?
  8. 8.  5. The Belly of the Whale (from the story of Jonah and the Whale) The belly of the whale represents the final separation from the hero's known world and self. It is sometimes described as the person's lowest point, but it is actually the point when the person is between or transitioning between worlds and their new identity. It is the beginning a re-birth..  a. When did your superhero hit his/her lowest point? When did he/she finally accept his/her new identity?
  9. 9.  He must go on a journey and learn some important things which he/or she must bring back and share with society… He or She becomes a moral guide…
  10. 10.  How do the characters in Star Wars fit the five aspects of the Hero’s Journey?
  11. 11. B Inititiation 1. The Road of Trials The road of trials is a series of tests, tasks, or ordeals that the person must undergo to begin the transformation. Often the person fails one or more of these tests, which often occur in threes. 2. A Higher Love The point in the adventure when the person experiences a love that has the power and significance of the all-powerful, all encompassing, unconditional love. 3. Temptation At one level, this step is about those temptations that may lead the hero to abandon or stray from his or her quest, This can take the form of a physical or material temptations of life that distracts the hero from his/her spiritual journey. 4. Forgiveness and reconciliation This is the center point of the journey. When the hero returns to his/her spiritual journey and accepts the will of God or the gods. This often leads to the hero’s symbolic death. . For the transformation to take place, the person as he or she has been must be "killed" so that the new self can come into being. Sometime this killing is literal, and the earthly journey for that character is either over or moves into a different realm. 5. Apotheosis To apotheosize is to deify. When someone dies a physical death, or dies to the self to live in spirit, he or she moves beyond the pairs of opposites to a state of divine knowledge, love, compassion and bliss. This step is a period of rest, peace and fulfillment before the hero begins the return. 6. Fulfillment of the Quest This the achievement of the goal of the quest. It is what the person went on the
  12. 12.  Challenges heroes must overcome:  External: Natural: storms, terrain, animals, etc… Man-made: Wars, disputes with friends and family  Internal: Fear: doubt, anxiety, lack of faith Pride: Hubris, placing one’s self at the center, placing one’s self higher than the spiritual realm and all others in the society  Spiritual: (This can be both external and internal): Relationship to the gods (or God) Encounters with evil: This often takes the form of monsters and villains and various physical and material temptations. Which of these challenges have been present in the life of the hero you have chosen?
  13. 13. A. Return 1. Refusal of the Return So why, when all has been achieved, and we have conversed with the gods. Why come back to normal life with all its cares and woes? 2. The Magic Flight Sometimes the hero must escape with the treasure that the gods have been jealously guarding. It can be just as adventurous and dangerous returning from the journey as it was to go on it. 3. Rescue from Without Just as the hero may need guides and assistants to set out on the quest, often times he or she must have powerful guides and rescuers to bring them back to everyday life, especially if the person has been wounded or weakened by the experience.
  14. 14. 4. The Return The trick in returning is to retain the wisdom gained on the quest, and then figure out how to share the wisdom with the rest of the world. This is usually extremely difficult. 5. Freedom to Live Mastery leads to freedom from the fear of death, which in turn is the freedom to live. This is sometimes referred to as living in the moment, neither anticipating the future nor regretting the past. Think of the movie ‘Lord of the Rings’… What happens to the Hobbits upon their return? How have they changed and what new wisdom do they share with the Shire? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JEMdXhfO-Wk
  15. 15.  Begin reading the first book of The Odyssey.  Start research project on Greek mythology:

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