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Lecture 10 global governance and power over life

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Lecture 10 global governance and power over life

  1. 1. global governance power over life
  2. 2. Who the world rules
  3. 3. or whatdoes ?
  4. 4. What is global governance? 1
  5. 5. Governmentality and power over life 2
  6. 6. So let’s begin…
  7. 7. What is global governance? 1
  8. 8. Most agree it is an unfolding response to g l o b a l i z a t i o n
  9. 9. Liberalism
  10. 10. world governance Rosenau 1995 world government
  11. 11. Global governance is
  12. 12. the management of global political and Solomon 2006: 327 economic space in the absence of a global state
  13. 13. Global governance
  14. 14. Creat[es] the conditions for ordered rule and collective action Stoker 1998: 21
  15. 15. Global governance involves
  16. 16. efforts to bring more orderly and reliable responses to social and political issues that go beyond capacities of states to address individually Gordenker andWeiss 1996: 17 “
  17. 17. ‘is not normative or prescriptive and provides a description of real processes of change in the international system’ ‘not founded on domination but upon accommodation’ ‘in the world [not] of the world. The latter implies a central authority that is doing the governing, an implication that clearly has no basis in fact’ Rosenau, Smith & Czempiel 1992 Commission on Global Governance 1995: 2-3 Rosenau 2008
  18. 18. Neutral and impartial Technocratic and functional No power since no central authority Characteristics From international Liberal institutions, private and public Composition Benign, multi- layered management system Responds to changes accelerated by globalization Concerned with Liberal peace Rationale
  19. 19. Power in global governance takes mainly material form
  20. 20. Hard and soft diplomatic power
  21. 21. Military power
  22. 22. Economic power
  23. 23. Measureable and quantifiable
  24. 24. Feminism
  25. 25. Global governance involves
  26. 26. The expression of masculine power through hegemonic beliefs and institutions
  27. 27. powerin Patriarchal hierarchies and values in international system Masculine biases in state and state system Condoning of violence powerthrough International institutions powerover Weaker actors powerto discipline and punish
  28. 28. Constructivism
  29. 29. Global governance combines and projects ideological and material power
  30. 30. It is a set of ideas, a body of thought, a system of norms, which has been arranged by certain people at a particular time and place (Jackson and Sorenson 2007: 162)
  31. 31. Constructivists reject claims of neutrality and impartiality
  32. 32. claim it projects a dominant, privileged ideal
  33. 33. identifies liberal/neoliberal hegemony globally
  34. 34. Planetary life organised around Liberal beliefs
  35. 35. Democracy, capitalism, individualism for the greater good
  36. 36. Liberal ways are the final and best ways Fukuyama, Huntington, Kaplan
  37. 37. Liberal proponents produce truths about Liberalism and declare them as absolutes
  38. 38. No viable alternative to Liberalism Individualism is the only freedom Capitalism will create equitable growth Resource depletion is sustainable through technological adaptation
  39. 39. Liberal proponents project and protect these claims
  40. 40. Liberal hegemony projected through institutions (trade regimes, IGOs), processes (governance), materials (wealth, consumption) and propaganda
  41. 41. productive P o w e r a s
  42. 42. as an objective, absolute and neutral truth the ability to represent a subjective, incomplete and partisan claim (Roberts 2010)
  43. 43. invisible power
  44. 44. ‘anonymous AUTHORITY’ Erich Fromm, 1941: 190
  45. 45. Hard to grasp power as invisible
  46. 46. If it’s not evident in a person
  47. 47. or a state
  48. 48. p o w e r i n g l o b a l g o v e r n a n c e i s
  49. 49. neutral and impartial, material only Liberalism
  50. 50. masculine values and preferences, projected through masculine-dominated institutions, to create a violent, gendered world Feminism
  51. 51. composed of Liberal values expressed through institutions structured to reproduce Liberalism and discipline non-conformity Constructivism
  52. 52. Governmentality and power over life 2
  53. 53. Michel Foucault, Giorgio Agamben, Alain Badiou, Gilles Deleuze, Michael Hardt, Achille Mbembe, Warren Montag, Antonio Negri,
  54. 54. idea that government has a rationality governmentality g o v e r n m e n t m e n t a l i t y
  55. 55. A reason and purpose
  56. 56. To manage life disseminated through nationwide outlets or capillary networks national life managed through schools, hospitals, job centres, prisons, councils, police etc. with power from centre
  57. 57. Rationality of government is to exert power over life disciplines and punishes in order to generate compliance with ideology
  58. 58. This is biopolitics
  59. 59. power over LIFE
  60. 60. Global governmentality as
  61. 61. Liberal power over planetary life
  62. 62. Source of global power is neoliberal hegemony
  63. 63. power disseminated through local and global institutions, or capillary networks international life managed through international institutions (UN, WB, EU, WTO, Standard & Poor etc)
  64. 64. Power exists, so what does it do, beyond Liberal/Realist impressions? Not limited to simple dominance and direct violence Not limited to material expression of wealth and hierarchies Not limited by geographies and boundaries Ideological power influences all and everything
  65. 65. Conclusion
  66. 66. global governance is technical, material and ideological
  67. 67. management c a l c u l a t e d o f l i f e
  68. 68. Important because…
  69. 69. reveals structures, rules, actors behind international phenomena demonstrates cause and effect allows culpability to be identified
  70. 70. Holds actors, institutions and processes to account Allows us to see and understand why good and bad things happen