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Three Dimensions Television
The future of television
1
Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE - Romain ZIBA
Introduction
2
Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE  Romain ZIBA
Summary
3D for Dummies
Transmission Chain
Capture and process
Transmission
Display and rendering
Conclusion
3
Elliott ELLI...
Stereoscopy (1/5)
Basic principles
Evolution
Application to 3D Tv
4
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Captur...
Stereoscopy (2/5)
Why no 3D impression with basic picture ?
Principle
2 slightly different images
A device to trick the br...
Stereoscopy (3/5)
Evolution
XVI century -> Jacopo Chimenti
Photography and Sir Charles Wheatstone
More precise capture
...
Stereoscopy (4/5)
3D Video
Beginning: 1890
Golden era: the 50’s
Revolution: the 80’s and IMAX
Avatar ...
7
3DTV: 	
the fut...
Stereoscopy (5/5)
The live broadcast
New challenge
Only equipped places for the moment
Soon in your living room
Examples
F...
Multi-view – Why and how?
No need for glasses 
Optical means
Requirements: new compression standards
9
3DTV: 	
the future ...
Holography (1/6)
10
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display
Elliott E...
Holography (2/6)
Alternative to 3D television
Emergingtechnology
Rawmaterial / not readyat all
11
3DTV: 	
the future of te...
Holography (3/6)
Digital holograms
Why is it an improvement ?
Processing
Analyzed
Transmitted
12
3DTV: 	
the future of tel...
Holography (4/6)
3D surface and optical thickness data
13
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Pr...
Holography (5/6)
No need for a 3DTV screen
14
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Trans...
Holography (6/6)
No standards for the next few years… (decades ?)
No holographicdevicesat home before
	 2050 !!!
15
3DTV: ...
Capture
Conceptual diagram of 3D4YOU 
16
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmissi...
MPEG-2 Multi-view profile
17
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display
...
H.264/AVC Simulcast
18
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display
H.264/...
Down-samplingwith H.264
19
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display
El...
H.264 SEI Message
20
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display
INPUT VI...
Video plus Depth (V+D)
21
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display
Ell...
MPEG-C Part 3
2 sources (V+D)
Encoded by H.264/AVC
Only 1 Transport stream
Auxiliary Video Data Format (N bits per pixel)
...
H.264 Auxiliary Picture Syntax
2 sources:
Primary coded picture
Auxiliary coded picture
Single encoder output
Decoded simu...
MPEG-4 MAC
24
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display
MPEG 4 MAC Enco...
H.264/SVC (1/2)
25
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display
Elliott EL...
H.264/SVC (2/2)
26
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display
H.264 SVC ...
Multiviewvideocoding (MVC)
27
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display...
Multiview plus depth (1/2)
28
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display...
Multiview plus depth (2/2)
29
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display...
LayeredDepthVideo
30
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display
Elliott ...
DepthEnhancedStereo (DES)
31
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display
...
3D videocoding (1/2)
32
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display
Ellio...
3D videocoding (2/2)
33
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display
3D re...
Transmission
Stereoscopic broadcast over satellite
norms outline
State of the technology
Multiview broadcast
Over IP
Over ...
Stereoscopic broadcast over satellite (1/2)
35
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process
Trans...
Stereoscopicbroadcast over satellite (2/2)
What is transmitted?
How to transmit it?
MPEG4/AVC
DVB-S2
36
3DTV: 	
the future...
MultiviewBroadcast (1/4)
Over IP
Over Satellite
Without IP
With IP
37
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capt...
MultiviewBroadcast (2/4)
Over IP
2D television over IP already exists 
Larger bandwidth demand 
RTP -> DCCP 
Problem of...
MultiviewBroadcast (3/4)
Over satellite without IP
39
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Proces...
MultiviewBroadcast (4/4)
Over satellite with IP
40
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process
T...
Display Standardization
TV screens
Stereoscopic screens
Auto-stereoscopic screens
Other norms	
HMDI  
Blu-Ray Disc
Portabl...
3D-Ready (1/2)
comes from the 2D HD world
needs for 3D glasses
42
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture ...
3D-Ready (2/2) 
100 Hz mode
Native resolution 1920 x 1080 pixels
 two images are displayed creating the 3D effect
43
3DTV...
Full-3D (1/2)
Newest Full 2D HD televisions
Conceived to make a better 3D impression
44
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3...
Full-3D (2/2)
TV LCD Full HD 1080p
LED technology (nicer 3D effect)
Works in any resolution mode
 (720p, 1080i, 576p, 480p...
Auto-stereoscopicscreens
No need for 3D glasses
Optical trickery 
Drawbacks for now:
		- Limited number of viewers
		- hea...
Auto-stereoscopicTVs: aims
Multiple viewers
Freedom of movement (for every viewer)
Motion parallax
2D / 3D mode switching
...
Auto-stereoscopicTVs: standards to come
Very high spatial resolution : 1200 x 1600 at least
 Switching mode
48
3DTV: 	
the...
HDMI 1.4		DisplayPort 1.2
Resolution  4096x2160
Full 3D Display
Three different cables
Not compatible with HDMI 1.3
49
3DT...
HMDI 1.4: the threecables
Mini HDMI 1.4 : for computers (1080p)
HDMI standard: 2160p
HDMI Ethernet Channel : 2160p, Networ...
Blu-Ray Disc Association
New disc at 1080p
2D content can by read by new reader
MVC codec 
Enhanced graphic features to en...
Portable devices: 3D phones
52
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Displa...
Conclusion
53
3DTV: 	
the future of television
3D for Dummies
Capture & Process	
Transmission	
Display
Elliott ELLIS -...
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Three dimensions television

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Presentation about 3D television.
State of the art about three dimensional televisions: devices, techniques,...

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Three dimensions television

  1. 1. Three Dimensions Television The future of television 1 Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE - Romain ZIBA
  2. 2. Introduction 2 Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  3. 3. Summary 3D for Dummies Transmission Chain Capture and process Transmission Display and rendering Conclusion 3 Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  4. 4. Stereoscopy (1/5) Basic principles Evolution Application to 3D Tv 4 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  5. 5. Stereoscopy (2/5) Why no 3D impression with basic picture ? Principle 2 slightly different images A device to trick the brain Result Impression of relief 3D onlysimulated 5 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  6. 6. Stereoscopy (3/5) Evolution XVI century -> Jacopo Chimenti Photography and Sir Charles Wheatstone More precise capture The stereoscope 6 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  7. 7. Stereoscopy (4/5) 3D Video Beginning: 1890 Golden era: the 50’s Revolution: the 80’s and IMAX Avatar ... 7 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  8. 8. Stereoscopy (5/5) The live broadcast New challenge Only equipped places for the moment Soon in your living room Examples Football games Fashion show 8 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  9. 9. Multi-view – Why and how? No need for glasses Optical means Requirements: new compression standards 9 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  10. 10. Holography (1/6) 10 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  11. 11. Holography (2/6) Alternative to 3D television Emergingtechnology Rawmaterial / not readyat all 11 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  12. 12. Holography (3/6) Digital holograms Why is it an improvement ? Processing Analyzed Transmitted 12 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA Electronically
  13. 13. Holography (4/6) 3D surface and optical thickness data 13 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  14. 14. Holography (5/6) No need for a 3DTV screen 14 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  15. 15. Holography (6/6) No standards for the next few years… (decades ?) No holographicdevicesat home before 2050 !!! 15 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  16. 16. Capture Conceptual diagram of 3D4YOU 16 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  17. 17. MPEG-2 Multi-view profile 17 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  18. 18. H.264/AVC Simulcast 18 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display H.264/AVC encoder INPUT VIDEO 1 Bit stream Channel H.264/AVC encoder OUTPUT VIDEO 1 H.264/AVC encoder INPUT VIDEO 2 Bit stream Channel H.264/AVC encoder OUTPUT VIDEO 2 Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  19. 19. Down-samplingwith H.264 19 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  20. 20. H.264 SEI Message 20 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display INPUT VIDEO 1 Interleaving Uninterleaving H.264/AVC SEI encoder Bit stream INPUT VIDEO 2 OUTPUT VIDEO 1 Channel H.264/AVC SEI decoder OUTPUT VIDEO 2 Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  21. 21. Video plus Depth (V+D) 21 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  22. 22. MPEG-C Part 3 2 sources (V+D) Encoded by H.264/AVC Only 1 Transport stream Auxiliary Video Data Format (N bits per pixel) Efficient Coding Limitations 22 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  23. 23. H.264 Auxiliary Picture Syntax 2 sources: Primary coded picture Auxiliary coded picture Single encoder output Decoded simultaneously and independently 23 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  24. 24. MPEG-4 MAC 24 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display MPEG 4 MAC Encoder Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  25. 25. H.264/SVC (1/2) 25 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  26. 26. H.264/SVC (2/2) 26 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display H.264 SVC Encoder Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  27. 27. Multiviewvideocoding (MVC) 27 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  28. 28. Multiview plus depth (1/2) 28 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  29. 29. Multiview plus depth (2/2) 29 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  30. 30. LayeredDepthVideo 30 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  31. 31. DepthEnhancedStereo (DES) 31 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  32. 32. 3D videocoding (1/2) 32 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  33. 33. 3D videocoding (2/2) 33 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display 3D renderingcapability 2D 2D+Depth Bit rate 3DV MVC Simulcast Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  34. 34. Transmission Stereoscopic broadcast over satellite norms outline State of the technology Multiview broadcast Over IP Over Satellite 34 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  35. 35. Stereoscopic broadcast over satellite (1/2) 35 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  36. 36. Stereoscopicbroadcast over satellite (2/2) What is transmitted? How to transmit it? MPEG4/AVC DVB-S2 36 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  37. 37. MultiviewBroadcast (1/4) Over IP Over Satellite Without IP With IP 37 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  38. 38. MultiviewBroadcast (2/4) Over IP 2D television over IP already exists Larger bandwidth demand RTP -> DCCP Problem of packet loss in wired and wireless networks. 38 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  39. 39. MultiviewBroadcast (3/4) Over satellite without IP 39 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  40. 40. MultiviewBroadcast (4/4) Over satellite with IP 40 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  41. 41. Display Standardization TV screens Stereoscopic screens Auto-stereoscopic screens Other norms HMDI Blu-Ray Disc Portable devices 41 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  42. 42. 3D-Ready (1/2) comes from the 2D HD world needs for 3D glasses 42 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  43. 43. 3D-Ready (2/2) 100 Hz mode Native resolution 1920 x 1080 pixels  two images are displayed creating the 3D effect 43 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  44. 44. Full-3D (1/2) Newest Full 2D HD televisions Conceived to make a better 3D impression 44 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  45. 45. Full-3D (2/2) TV LCD Full HD 1080p LED technology (nicer 3D effect) Works in any resolution mode (720p, 1080i, 576p, 480p, 576i) Norm MPEG-4 / H-264 45 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  46. 46. Auto-stereoscopicscreens No need for 3D glasses Optical trickery Drawbacks for now: - Limited number of viewers - headaches 46 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  47. 47. Auto-stereoscopicTVs: aims Multiple viewers Freedom of movement (for every viewer) Motion parallax 2D / 3D mode switching Relatively inexpensive 47 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  48. 48. Auto-stereoscopicTVs: standards to come Very high spatial resolution : 1200 x 1600 at least Switching mode 48 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  49. 49. HDMI 1.4 DisplayPort 1.2 Resolution 4096x2160 Full 3D Display Three different cables Not compatible with HDMI 1.3 49 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA Resolution 3840x2400 Full 3D Display 240 Hz Backwards compatible with the 1.1 version
  50. 50. HMDI 1.4: the threecables Mini HDMI 1.4 : for computers (1080p) HDMI standard: 2160p HDMI Ethernet Channel : 2160p, Network, Exchange rate: 100Mb/s 50 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  51. 51. Blu-Ray Disc Association New disc at 1080p 2D content can by read by new reader MVC codec Enhanced graphic features to enable 3D menus, subtitles Question: Agnostic ? 51 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  52. 52. Portable devices: 3D phones 52 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA
  53. 53. Conclusion 53 3DTV: the future of television 3D for Dummies Capture & Process Transmission Display Elliott ELLIS - David METGE - Paul VERGE Romain ZIBA

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