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Modal verbs


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Modal verbs class

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Modal verbs

  1. 1. MODAL VERBS David Corredor
  2. 2. ¿What is a modal verb? O Modal verbs are verbs, wich go ahead of others, for example: I play I can play O It adds a particular nuance to the meaning of the verb: I play: (yo) juego I can play: (yo) puedo/ sé jugar (we understand that there are possibilities to he/she plays or has the ability to play something)
  3. 3. There are many modal verbs that you already know: can, must, could, have to, might, will, would, should, ... And each one is used to provide some extra meaning. O I can play can: poder> habilidad o posibilidad > Puedo jugar O I must play must: deber> obligación > Debo jugar O I should play should: debería> obligación muy suave o consejo > Debería jugar O I have to play have to: tener que> fuerte obligación > Tengo que jugar O I would play would: > condición o potencialidad > Jugaría si
  4. 4. ¿How does it work? O Are unchanged, like this... She can dance (is not added «s» with the 3rd singular person) O It does not needs do / does / did, to the negative form or interrogative form O For the negative form is added «not» behind: We should not smoke (take care with “have to”) O For the interrogative form it is exchanged with the subject Must you go? ( take care with “have to”) O It can not be auxiliary to each other: I would can buy it (we use “could”)
  5. 5. ¿What is the meaning of each one? O Abiliy: can / could I could run faster when I was younger. O Possibility: can / could / may / might It might snow in September. O Obligation: have to / must / should You have to carry your Identification Card. O Permission: may / could / can May I come in, Mr Johnson? O Certain: must It must be nine already. O Suggestion / offering: shall Shall I close the door? O Conditionality / potentiality: would I would go if you invite me.
  6. 6. In more detail: O POSSIBILITY: can / could / may / might poder / podría / podría / podría (in decreasing order) For example: I can go tomorrow Puedo ir mañana I could go tomorrow Podría ir mañana I may go tomorrow Podría ir mañana (but is unlikely) I might go tomorrow Podría ir mañana (but is almost impossible)
  7. 7. O OBLIGATIÓN: have to / must / should tener que / tener que / deber / debería (in decreasing order) For example: You have to drive carefully. Tienes que conducir con cuidado. You must carry your driving license with you. Debes llevar el carnet de conducir. You should but a new car. Deberías comprarte otro coche.
  8. 8. O PERMISSION: may / could / can podría / podría / puedo (from more formal to less formal) For example: May I add something to your remark? Podría añadir algo a su puntualización? Could I add something to your idea? Podría añadir algo a su idea? Can I add something to that? Puedo añadir algo a eso?
  9. 9. Semimodal Verb O Tere is a verb seen from above, that is not Modal properly but Semimodal, cause sometimes it follows other rules: HAVE TO Look: She has to finish it ( changes depending on the subject) I don´t have to go (it has not «not» behind) Did you have to write it? (It does not exchanged its site with the subject in the interrogative form)