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Social Machines - A Disruptive Technology?

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Talk at Geospatial World Forum, Geneva, 8th May 2014 in session on Emerging and disruptive technologies shaping the future

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Social Machines - A Disruptive Technology?

  1. 1. Emerging and disruptive technologies shaping the future: Social Machines David De Roure e-Research Centre, University of Oxford @dder
  2. 2. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/3357073.stm
  3. 3. Edwards, P. N., et al. (2013) Knowledge Infrastructures: Intellectual Frameworks and Research Challenges. Ann Arbor: Deep Blue. http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/97552
  4. 4. The Big Picture More people Moremachines Big Data Big Compute Conventional Computation “Big Social” Social Networks e-infrastructure online R&D Social Machines deeply about society
  5. 5. Real life is and must be full of all kinds of social constraint – the very processes from which society arises. Computers can help if we use them to create abstract social machines on the Web: processes in which the people do the creative work and the machine does the administration... The stage is set for an evolutionary growth of new social engines. The ability to create new forms of social process would be given to the world at large, and development would be rapid. Berners-Lee, Weaving the Web, 1999 (pp. 172–175) Social Machines
  6. 6. SOCIAM: The Theory and Practice of Social Machines is funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under grant number EPJ017728/1 and comprises the Universities of Southampton, Oxford and Edinburgh. See sociam.org
  7. 7. Scientists Talk Forum Image Classification data reduction Citizen Scientists
  8. 8. Nigel Shadbolt et al
  9. 9. The Web Observatory Tiropanis, T., Hall, W., Shadbolt, N., De Roure, D., Contractor, N., and Hendler, J. The web science observatory. IEEE Intelligent Systems 28, 2 (2013), 100–104.
  10. 10. F i r s t
  11. 11. Pip Willcox @marstonbikepath Datasets or dataflows?
  12. 12. A revolutionary idea… Open Science! rstl.royalsocietypublishing.org
  13. 13. Join the W3C Community Group www.w3.org/community/rosc Jun Zhao www.researchobject.org
  14. 14. The R Dimensions Research Objects facilitate research that is reproducible, repeatable, replicable, reusable, referenceable, retrievable, reviewable, replayable, re-interpretable, reprocessable, recomposable, reconstructable, repurposable, reliable, respectful, reputable, revealable, recoverable, restorable, reparable, refreshable?” @dder 14 April 2014 sci method access understand new use social curation Research Object Principles
  15. 15. Big data elephant versus sense-making network? The challenge is to foster the co-constituted socio-technical system on the right i.e. a computationally-enabled sense-making network of expertise, data, models, software, visualisations and narratives Iain Buchan
  16. 16. • Technology doesn’t disrupt – people do disruptive things with it • People are increasingly empowered to do this. Think about Social Machines meets Internet of Things. • Research practice is changing – are our processes of research and scholarship fundamentally limiting and are they due for disruption? • Risks and ethics of automation, of burning paradigms into the infrastructure. Always ask hard questions. Take home messages
  17. 17. david.deroure@oerc.ox.ac.uk www.oerc.ox.ac.uk/people/dder @dder SOCIAM: The Theory and Practice of Social Machines is funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under grant number EPJ017728/1 and comprises the Universities of Southampton, Oxford and Edinburgh. See sociam.org Slide and image credits: Iain Buchan, Nigel Shadbolt, Pip Willcox.
  18. 18. www.oerc.ox.ac.uk david.deroure@oerc.ox.ac.uk @dder

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