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Scholarly Social Machines


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Scholarly Social Machines

  1. 1. David De Roure Scholarly Social Machines
  2. 2. A revolutionary idea… Open Science!
  3. 3. Overview 1. Shifts in Scholarly Practice 2. Research Objects 3. Social Machines
  4. 4. The Big Picture More people Moremachines Big Data Big Compute Conventional Computation “Big Social” Social Networks e-infrastructure Online R&D (Science 2.0) @dder Social Machines
  5. 5. Edwards, P. N., et al. (2013) Knowledge Infrastructures: Intellectual Frameworks and Research Challenges. Ann Arbor: Deep Blue.
  6. 6. ChristineBorgman
  7. 7. Pip Willcox
  8. 8. F i r s t
  9. 9. New Social Process
  10. 10. Interdisciplinary and “in the wild” In it not on it Pull not Push
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Scientists Talk Forum Image Classification data reduction Citizen Scientists
  13. 13. David De Roure
  14. 14. 9. Write for many read by few
  15. 15. data method script program workflow model protocol …
  16. 16. Research Objects Computational Research Objects The Evolution of myExperiment Workflows Packs OAI ORE W3CPROV Social Objects
  17. 17. The R Dimensions Research Objects facilitate research that is reproducible, repeatable, replicable, reusable, referenceable, retrievable, reviewable, replayable, re-interpretable, reprocessable, recomposable, reconstructable, repurposable, reliable, respectful, reputable, revealable, recoverable, restorable, reparable, refreshable?” @dder 14 April 2014 sci method access understand new use social curation Research Object Principles
  18. 18. A computationally- enabled sense-making network of expertise, data, software, models and narratives Iain Buchan
  19. 19. Real life is and must be full of all kinds of social constraint – the very processes from which society arises. Computers can help if we use them to create abstract social machines on the Web: processes in which the people do the creative work and the machine does the administration... The stage is set for an evolutionary growth of new social engines. The ability to create new forms of social process would be given to the world at large, and development would be rapid. Berners-Lee, Weaving the Web, 1999 (pp. 172–175) Social Machines
  20. 20. SOCIAM: The Theory and Practice of Social Machines is funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under grant number EPJ017728/1 and comprises the Universities of Southampton, Oxford and Edinburgh. See
  21. 21. “Yet Wikipedia and its stated ambition to “compile the sum of all human knowledge” are in trouble. The volunteer workforce that built the project’s flagship, the English-language Wikipedia—and must defend it against vandalism, hoaxes, and manipulation— has shrunk by more than a third since 2007 and is still shrinking… The main source of those problems is not mysterious. The loose collective running the site today, estimated to be 90 percent male, operates a crushing bureaucracy with an often abrasive atmosphere that deters newcomers who might increase participation in Wikipedia and broaden its coverage…”
  22. 22.
  23. 23. The Yongle Encyclopedia (simplified Chinese: 永乐大 典; traditional Chinese: 永樂 大典; pinyin: Yǒnglè Dàdiǎn; literally The Great Canon or Vast Documents of the Yongle Era) was a Chinese compilation of information commissioned by the Ming Dynasty emperor Yongle in 1403 and completed by 1408. It was the world's largest known general encyclopedia at its time, unsurpassed for six centuries. Over two thousand scholars worked on the project under the direction of the Yongle Emperor, who reigned from 1402 to 1424. The scholars incorporated 8,000 texts from ancient times through the early Ming Dynasty. Many subjects were covered, including agriculture, art, astronomy, drama, geology, history, literature, medicine, natural sciences, religion and technology, as well as descriptions of unusual natural events.
  24. 24. Scholarly Machines EcosystemDavid De Roure, JCDL 2013
  25. 25. RichardO’Bierne
  26. 26. Stories within Social Machines Stories about Social Machines Social Machines for stories Now we consider... SOCIAL MACHINES AS STORIES
  27. 27. STORYTELLING AS A STETHOSCOPE FOR SOCIAL MACHINES 1. Sociality through storytelling potential and realization 2. Sustainability through reactivity and interactivity 3. Emergence through collaborative authorship and mixed authority Zooniverse is a highly storified Social Machine Facebook doesn’t allow for improvisation Wikipedia assigns authority rights rigidly Ségolène Tarte, David De Roure and Pip Willcox, (2014). Working out the plot: the role of stories in social machines. 2nd International Workshop on the Theory and Practice of Social Machines
  28. 28. 1. Shifts in scholarship – crowd and cloud? – A “turn” or ongoing transformation? 2. Is innovation constrained? – Don’t retrofit digital, think post-digital – Social Machines for Open Innovation, Crowd Funding 3. Think Social Machines – New social processes at the scale of the population, created by citizens – Can you view your projects as social machines?
  29. 29. Thanks to Christine Borgman, Iain Buchan, Richard O'Beirne, Pip Willcox, FORCE11, myExperiment, SOCIAM and Smart Society SOCIAM: The Theory and Practice of Social Machines is funded by the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under grant number EPJ017728/1 and comprises the Universities of Southampton, Oxford and Edinburgh. See @dder
  30. 30. @dder