Forethoughts (or Four Provocations) on Linked Data and Digital Scholarship


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  • Big Data and Big Compute and Big Society!Look at astronomy for exampleDifferent rates of progress along axes – one futurological theory says we need a lot more machine to assist because machines scale further than people
  • Forethoughts (or Four Provocations) on Linked Data and Digital Scholarship

    1. 1. Forethoughts (or Four Provocations)on Digital Scholarship… David De Roure
    2. 2. Structural Analysis of Large Amounts of Music Information 23,000 hours of Digital Music recorded music Collections Music Information Retrieval Community Student-sourced Community ground truth Software Supercomputer Linked Data Repositories
    3. 3. It’s web-like! “Ground Truth” Community Digital Audio “Signal” Structural Analysis
    4. 4. Content Navigation throughoutthe Content Life-Cycle• Annotation should occur within the production process• Integrating knowledge of the production workflow• Managing and exposing this metadata using modern semantic web and linked data technology• Empowering human producers and
    5. 5. "The most important thing for a thriving musical world is a bedrock of enthusiastic amateur music- making. The Bodleian Librarys new project shines a light on a time when this fact was thoroughly understood, and when musicians of quite modest technical accomplishment could encompass something of the current musical styles. A knowledge of day-to-day playing for pleasure in Victorian times will reinforce twenty-first- century initiatives in public engagement...” David Owen Norris Professor of Musical Performance University of Southampton
    6. 6. A Big Picture cyber/e-infrastructureMore machines Big Data The Future? Big Compute Conventional Social online Computation Networking research More people
    7. 7. Some Social Machines
    8. 8. Some Social Objects
    9. 9. Co-Evolution of Research Objects Packs ORE OAI Workflows Research Objects W3C PROV ComputationalResearch Objects
    10. 10. Notifications and automatic re-runs Executable theses Autonomic Curation New research? and repair Computational Research ObjectsMachines are users too
    11. 11.
    12. 12. Discussion points1. SALAMI – Human vs computer, and Web vs repository – What is in the digital library?2. Semantic Media – End-to-End semantics, from production to delivery to cumulative value through use3. Social Machines – Sociotechnical entities as first class citizens – Theory and practice, design and construction4. Social/Semantic/Computational Objects – New digital artefacts (in the digital library?) – Machines are users too: computer assistance, not automation/Taylorisation
    13. 13. to Stephen Downie, Ichinaro Fujinaga, Mark Sandler,Sarah Thomas, Nigel Shadbolt, Carole Goble, Kevin Page
    14. 14. • SALAMI Links• Semantic Media• What’s the Score?• myExperiment project wiki• Workflow Forever project (Wf4Ever)• Theory and Practice of Social Machines (SOCIAM)• Future of Research Communication (FORCE11)• Digital Humanities at Oxford (DH@OX)
    15. 15. • D. De Roure, C. Goble and R. Stevens. The Design and Realisation of the myExperiment Virtual Research Environment for Social Sharing of Workflows Future Generation Computer Systems 25, pp. 561-567.• S. Bechhofer, I. Buchan, D De Roure et al. Why linked data is not enough for scientists, Future Generation Computer Systems• D. De Roure, David and C. Goble, Anchors in Shifting Sand: the Primacy of Method in the Web of Data. WebSci10, April 26-27th, 2010, Raleigh, NC, US.• D. De Roure, S. Bechhofer, C. Goble and D. Newman, Scientific Social Objects, 1st International Workshop on Social Object Networks (SocialObjects 2011).• De Roure D, Page KR, Fields B, Crawford T, Downie JS, Fujinaga I: An e-Research approach to Web-scale music analysis. Phil. Trans. A Math Phys Eng Sci; 2011 Aug 28;369(1949):3300-17• D. De Roure, K. Belhajjame, P. Missier, P. et al Towards the preservation of scientific workflows. 8th International Conference on Preservation of Digital Objects (iPRES 2011).• Carole A. Goble, David De Roure and Sean Bechhofer Accelerating scientists’ knowledge turns. Will be available at• Khalid Belhajjame, Oscar Corcho, Daniel Garijo et al Workflow-Centric Research Objects: First Class Citizens in Scholarly Discourse, SePublica2012 at ESWC2012, Greece, May 2012• Kevin R. Page, Ben Fields, David De Roure et al Reuse, Remix, Repeat: The Workflows of MIR, 13th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference (ISMIR 2012) Porto, Portugal, October 8th-12th, 2012