Brain Injury– begin to understand    David Crozier CFPcm       3b Milltown Hill, Warrenpoint, Newry,                      ...
What is Acquired Brain Injury?• Injury to the living brain tissue  – external forces  – infections of the brain  – stroke ...
Brain facts•   Weighs about 3lbs•   Texture of blancmange•   100 billion nerve cells•   Each has contact with thousands of...
Causes of brain injury                Falls/ Domestic                Accidents 20%                Assaults 10%            ...
Who is at risk?• Males aged 15-29• People over 65• Relatively low death rate.   – Life-long challenges
Traumatic Brain Injury – Acute Phase• First Injury – direct impact       • penetrating injury (rare)       • closed impact...
Working Definitions of a Brain Injury• Minor brain injury (loss of consciousness of under 15 mins, or no loss of  consciou...
Brain Diagram
Brain Injury Effects• Cognitive effects   –   memory   –   concentration   –   thinking skills   –   spatial perception   ...
Brain Injury Effects•   Behavioural effects•   irritability•   lack of tact•   disinhibited behaviour•   agitation
Brain Injury Effects• Psychological effects   – Paranoia   – depression (when awareness returns)   – anxiety
Brain Injury – the physical effects.•   Paralysis and spasticity•   Ataxia•   Co-Ordination problems•   Loss of taste and/...
ATTENTION! – a vital component• Selective• Divided• Sustained
Memory after brain injury
Brain injury misconceptions                        ‘He’s lazy’‘He’s drunk’‘He’s putting it on!’     ‘He looks fine!’
How you can help• Support• Simplify• Prompt• Encourage  • Recall of experiences  • Practical tasks
Working with brain injury survivors• Be patient• Be prepared• Know your limits
Video                          RecoveryA BBC series about traumatic brain injury, starring David Tennant
Understanding Brain Injury              An Overview    Email: david@navigatorfp.com    Twitter: @davidcroziercfp          ...
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Understanding brain injury

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10 minute introduction to brain injury and how it affects both victims and their loved ones

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Understanding brain injury

  1. 1. Brain Injury– begin to understand David Crozier CFPcm 3b Milltown Hill, Warrenpoint, Newry, Proud to be sponsors of Co Down BT34 3QY T: 028 3085 1199 E: david@navigatorFP.com Navigator Financial Planning Ltd is an Appointed Representative of Financial Ltd which is Authorised and Regulated by the Financial Services Authority.
  2. 2. What is Acquired Brain Injury?• Injury to the living brain tissue – external forces – infections of the brain – stroke – metabolic disturbance – lack of oxygen
  3. 3. Brain facts• Weighs about 3lbs• Texture of blancmange• 100 billion nerve cells• Each has contact with thousands of other cells• Messages between cells are electrochemical
  4. 4. Causes of brain injury Falls/ Domestic Accidents 20% Assaults 10% Work/ Sport Accidents 5% Road Accidents 40% Non-Trauma 25%
  5. 5. Who is at risk?• Males aged 15-29• People over 65• Relatively low death rate. – Life-long challenges
  6. 6. Traumatic Brain Injury – Acute Phase• First Injury – direct impact • penetrating injury (rare) • closed impact (common) • shearing forces – Damage to brain tissue – Disruption of communication pathways.• Second Injury – brain swelling – pressure from bleeding inside the cranial cavity – impairment of blood circulation.• Third Injury – chemical changes at the cellular level
  7. 7. Working Definitions of a Brain Injury• Minor brain injury (loss of consciousness of under 15 mins, or no loss of consciousness. PTA of less than an hour) GCS 13-15. Common symptoms are often resolved by 6 months. However, some studies have shown genetic vulnerability (APOE – 4)• Moderate brain injury (loss of consciousness 15 mins – 6 hours. PTA of up to 24 hours) GCS 9-12• Severe brain injury (Coma for 6 hours or more. PTA 24 hours or more. Requires longer period of intensive care. GCS <9) Lower GCS scores also associated with higher chance of post-trauma seizures. PTA = Post Traumatic Amnesia GCS = Glasgow Coma Scale
  8. 8. Brain Diagram
  9. 9. Brain Injury Effects• Cognitive effects – memory – concentration – thinking skills – spatial perception – vision problems – communication disorders.
  10. 10. Brain Injury Effects• Behavioural effects• irritability• lack of tact• disinhibited behaviour• agitation
  11. 11. Brain Injury Effects• Psychological effects – Paranoia – depression (when awareness returns) – anxiety
  12. 12. Brain Injury – the physical effects.• Paralysis and spasticity• Ataxia• Co-Ordination problems• Loss of taste and/or smell• Sight problems• Loss of feedback of physical sensations• Sexual problems• Sleep/Wake cycle problems• Speech and language problems
  13. 13. ATTENTION! – a vital component• Selective• Divided• Sustained
  14. 14. Memory after brain injury
  15. 15. Brain injury misconceptions ‘He’s lazy’‘He’s drunk’‘He’s putting it on!’ ‘He looks fine!’
  16. 16. How you can help• Support• Simplify• Prompt• Encourage • Recall of experiences • Practical tasks
  17. 17. Working with brain injury survivors• Be patient• Be prepared• Know your limits
  18. 18. Video RecoveryA BBC series about traumatic brain injury, starring David Tennant
  19. 19. Understanding Brain Injury An Overview Email: david@navigatorfp.com Twitter: @davidcroziercfp 3b Milltown Hill, Warrenpoint, Newry, Proud to be sponsors of Co Down BT34 3QY T: 028 3085 1199 E: david@navigatorFP.com Navigator Financial Planning Ltd is an Appointed Representative of Financial Ltd which is Authorised and Regulated by the Financial Services Authority.

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