Lesson 2 Science And Industrial

335 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
335
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
10
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Lesson 2 Science And Industrial

  1. 1. Scientific and Industrial Revolution102: David Clayton Instructor<br />
  2. 2. Galileo (1564-1642)<br /><ul><li>Father of modern science.
  3. 3. Experiments + math</li></li></ul><li>Worldview Prior to Galileo<br /><ul><li>God- Explanation
  4. 4. Church- Controlled - government</li></ul> - arts, science, education - morals<br />
  5. 5. Worldview Prior to Galileo<br /><ul><li>God- Creator Universe
  6. 6. Geo-Centric: Earth
  7. 7. Divine Right
  8. 8. Obedient Christians
  9. 9. Obedient subjects</li></li></ul><li>Galileo (1564-1642)<br /><ul><li> Earth
  10. 10. Experiments + math
  11. 11. Telescope
  12. 12. Inquisition</li></li></ul><li>After Galileo<br /><ul><li>Rise of Protestantism
  13. 13. Rapid advancements in - Astronomy - Math</li></li></ul><li>After Galileo<br /><ul><li>Rise of Protestantism
  14. 14. Rapid advancements in
  15. 15. Philosophy</li></ul> - Truth without theology - Truth by reasoning<br />
  16. 16. INDUCTIVE REASONING<br /><ul><li> Observation
  17. 17. Experimentation
  18. 18. Conclusions
  19. 19. Scientific Method- Question- Experiment- Observe- Hypothesis- Analyze (true/not true) </li></ul>Francis Bacon (1561-1626)<br />
  20. 20. DEDUCTIVE REASONING<br /><ul><li> Truth by Logic
  21. 21. Truth by Math formulas
  22. 22. Scientific Method results put into mathematical equation.</li></ul>Descartes (1596-1650)<br />
  23. 23. Scientific Method<br /><ul><li> Use both inductive and deductive methods to discover truth.</li></ul> - Observation/Experiments foundation of science- Math describes and validates results<br /><ul><li> Still used today.</li></ul>Newton (1643-1727)<br />
  24. 24. Results of Scientific Revolution<br />Spiritual to Secular<br />Process- God best explanation- Deism best explanation * rational God/universe * Clock analogy * Rational/non miracles * Widespread influence<br />
  25. 25. Results of Scientific Revolution<br />Spiritual to Secular<br />Process- God best explanation- Deism best explanation<br /> - Religious answers inferior to scientific method - Science best explanation<br />
  26. 26. Results of Scientific Revolution<br />Spiritual to Secular<br />Process<br />19th Century (Secular)- Darwin: evolution- Nietzsche :philosophy “God is dead”<br />20th Century- Freud (Ego)<br />
  27. 27. Results of Scientific Revolution<br />Way of Doing Science<br /><ul><li>Biology: microscope
  28. 28. Chemistry: elements/gases
  29. 29. Electricity: Ben Franklin
  30. 30. Medicine: Blood circulationPathology</li></li></ul><li>Results of Scientific Revolution<br />3. Sociology and GovernmentSocial Contract TheoryThomas Hobbes (1588-1679)- Human nature evil<br /> - Absolutism government: Protect from evil nature<br />
  31. 31. Results of Scientific Revolution<br />3. Sociology and GovernmentSocial Contract TheoryJohn Locke (1632-1704)- Human nature – blank slate<br /> - Born with certain freedoms (life, liberty, property)- Overthrow government (Glorious Revolution) if right are violated.<br /> - Influenced American and French Revolutions<br />
  32. 32. INDUSTRIAL INSTITUTIONS AND THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION<br />
  33. 33. <ul><li> Wars required more capital than taxes
  34. 34. Bank of England (1694) to provide revenue
  35. 35. Benefitted more than war plans (stocks, loans, check writing, lines of credit)</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Factory owners</li></ul> - Build larger - Purchase larger supplies - Hire more workers<br />
  36. 36. <ul><li> Transportation</li></ul> - Canals - Roads - Sea Travel<br />
  37. 37. <ul><li> Inventions and Innovations</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Joint Stock CompaniesEngland: America’s and India</li></ul>France: Southeast AsiaAustralia: Discovered by James Cook (1770)<br />Dutch: South Africa<br />
  38. 38. <ul><li> SLAVE TRADE</li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Industrial Consequences</li></ul>Flight from rural to urban<br />Environmental pollution, deforestation<br />Work: 12 hours/7days including kids<br />Socially: Fragmented families, breakdown in social mores, depression, lost religious values,disconnected from tradition and past.<br />
  39. 39. <ul><li> Industrial Consequences</li></ul>5. Deplorable living conditions<br />6. Juvenile delinquency<br />7. Alcoholism<br />8. Loss of skilled craftsmen- apprentices<br />
  40. 40. <ul><li> Industrial Consequences</li></ul>9. Earned more<br />10. Consumer goods cheaper<br />11. Newspapers (media propaganda and sense of community)- literature<br />12. New Upper Class (Factory Owners)greater governmental power<br />13. Better opportunities for education and children.<br />

×