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Word stress

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Introduction to how stress works

Word stress

  1. 1. Word Stress
  2. 2. what is stress
  3. 3. in any word one syllable receives more emphasis than the others
  4. 4. phasis
  5. 5. dede
  6. 6. this is stress or accento tonico in Italian
  7. 7. the level of your voice changes
  8. 8. Italian
  9. 9. dederdede
  10. 10. often vowels change too
  11. 11. Italian Italy
  12. 12. ɪtæliən ɪtəli
  13. 13. ɪtæliən ɪtəli often the vowel changes too
  14. 14. ɪtæliən ɪtəli BUT not always
  15. 15. stress marks
  16. 16. in your dictionary
  17. 17. primary stress mark
  18. 18. streɪ before the stressed syllable
  19. 19. secondary stress mark
  20. 20. in this presentation
  21. 21. administration
  22. 22. administration
  23. 23. administration
  24. 24. administration de de de DER de
  25. 25. administration NB no secondary stress mark
  26. 26. administration eɪ ə ɪ əɪ
  27. 27. examples
  28. 28. 1 syllable
  29. 29. in one-syllable words that syllable is stressed
  30. 30. in one-syllable words that syllable is stressed DUH!
  31. 31. word
  32. 32. teach
  33. 33. port
  34. 34. 2 syllables
  35. 35. one stressed one unstressed
  36. 36. one stressed one unstressed DUH!
  37. 37. one stressed one unstressed DUH de
  38. 38. wordy
  39. 39. teaching
  40. 40. porter
  41. 41. it’s usually the first syllable that is stressed
  42. 42. but sometimes the second syllable is stressed
  43. 43. report
  44. 44. some common words that stress the second syllable
  45. 45. towards annul revenge allow device police prolong above forget besides report pursue today immense refer collapse
  46. 46. 3+ syllables
  47. 47. it’s similar with longer words
  48. 48. studying
  49. 49. reporter
  50. 50. referee
  51. 51. etc.
  52. 52. how to decide
  53. 53. 1. look for the root
  54. 54. predominantly
  55. 55. pre.dom.in.ant.ly
  56. 56. pre.dom.in.ant.ly
  57. 57. pre.dom.in.ant.ly pre.dom.in.ate.ly pre.dom.in.eer.ly pre.dom.in-. ly L. domināt- ppl. stem of dominārī
  58. 58. unforgettable
  59. 59. un.for.get.ta.ble
  60. 60. un.for.get.ta.ble
  61. 61. un.for.get.ta.ble
  62. 62. un.for.get.ta.ble
  63. 63. 2. suffixes starting with -i or -u
  64. 64. When a suffix starts with -i or -u the stress goes on the syllable immediately before
  65. 65. examination pacific facetious residual capacity superior deficient
  66. 66. examination pacific facetious residual capacity superior deficient
  67. 67. typical suffixes are: -ion -ual -ial -ient -ious -ior -ic -ity
  68. 68. 3. prefixes in 3-syllable words
  69. 69. Prefixes are sometimes stressed in 3-syllable words
  70. 70. Prefixes are sometimes stressed in 3-syllable words
  71. 71. continent incident precedent exercise
  72. 72. continent incident precedent exercise
  73. 73. this is more common in nouns and adjectives
  74. 74. this is more common in nouns and adjectives and less common in verbs and pariciples
  75. 75. continent BUT to contain > containing
  76. 76. incident BUT to incise > incisive
  77. 77. precedent BUT to precede > preceding
  78. 78. BUT
  79. 79. exercise n. AND to exercise v.
  80. 80. 4. identical 2-syllable nouns and verbs
  81. 81. many 2-syllable words have the same form for noun and verb
  82. 82. many 2-syllable words have the same form for noun and verb e.g. to record (v.) a record (n.)
  83. 83. in many of these pairs the verb is stressed on the 2nd and the noun on the 1st
  84. 84. in many of these pairs the verb is stressed on the 2nd and the noun on the 1st e.g. to record (v.) a record (n.)
  85. 85. verb noun verb noun record record impact impact contrast contrast insult insult decrease decrease permit permit increase increase contract contract
  86. 86. verb noun verb noun rɪcord record ɪmpact ɪmpact cəntrast cɒntrast ɪnsult ɪnsult dɪcrease diːcrease pəmit pɜːmit ɪncrease ɪncrease cəntract cɒntract
  87. 87. not all verbs do this address display promise comfort exchange repair control interest surprise decay mistake report
  88. 88. In pairs: - look at the words on the next slide - decide where the stress is
  89. 89. photography partially predominance performance calamitous envisaging intrinsically ridiculous development fictitious deliciously discography towards forgettable examination ambivalence irrelevant political economic disruption
  90. 90. photography partially predominance performance calamitous envisaging intrinsically ridiculous development fictitious deliciously discography towards forgettable examination ambivalence irrelevant political economic disruption
  91. 91. HOMEWORK - select 5 long words from your writing - indicate the stress pattern using ‘de’ for unstressed syllables and ‘DER’ for stressed syllables e.g. computer – de.DER.de əʊ
  92. 92. www.davidnicholson.it

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