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The unreal past and wish

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The unreal past and wish

  1. 1. The Unreal Pastand ‘Wish’<br />
  2. 2. What happens to a ‘condition’ when it moves into the past?<br />
  3. 3. 1). The conditionwas verified<br />
  4. 4. 2). We don’t know if the conditionwas verified<br />
  5. 5. 3). The conditionwasn’t verified<br />
  6. 6. If you do your homework,<br />you’ll be able to do this exercise.<br />
  7. 7. 1). The condition was verified<br />If you do your homework,<br />you’ll be able to do this exercise.<br />
  8. 8. 1). The condition was verified<br />You did your homework, and<br />you were able to do that exercise.<br />
  9. 9. 1). The condition was verified<br />You did your homework, and<br />you were able to do that exercise, or<br />now you are able to do it.<br />
  10. 10. 2). We don’t know if the condition was verified<br />If you do your homework,<br />you’ll be able to do this exercise.<br />
  11. 11. 2). We don’t know if the condition was verified<br />If you have done your homework,<br />you’ll be able to do this exercise.<br />
  12. 12. 3). The condition wasn’t verified<br />If you do your homework,<br />you’ll be able to do this exercise.<br />
  13. 13. 3). The condition wasn’t verified<br />If you had done your homework,<br />you wouldhavebeen able to do that exercise.<br />
  14. 14. this form is called the 3rd conditional<br />it describes the ‘unreal past’<br />
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
  19. 19. the‘unreal past’<br />works like this<br />
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24. create unreal past sentences from these:<br />I wasn’t at home.<br />I wanted to go with them.<br />We didn’t have her address.<br />She didn’t speak perfect Spanish.<br />You weren’t listening to me.<br />I knew the answer.<br />He had to work hard.<br />You were there.<br />He wasn’t there.<br />This class was supremely intelligent.<br />I didn’t pay attention to the other cars.<br />She didn’t see her friend.<br />It was Monday.<br />I didn’t come to university by scooter.<br />
  25. 25. what about ‘wish’?<br />
  26. 26. 3 possible constructions:<br />
  27. 27. I wish it were Friday.<br />
  28. 28. I wish I had known about the party.<br />
  29. 29. I wish my neighbours would shut up.<br />
  30. 30.
  31. 31.
  32. 32. compare<br />
  33. 33. I hope my neighbours (will) shut up.<br />I want them to shut up maybe they will.<br />
  34. 34. I wish my neighbours would shut up.<br />I want them to shut up but I expect that they’ll continue to make a noise.<br />
  35. 35. I wish my neighbours would shut up.<br />?<br />
  36. 36. what is the present situation?<br />
  37. 37. My neighbours won’t shut up.<br />won’t = they don’t want to shut up <br />
  38. 38.
  39. 39. I wish my neighbours would shut up.<br />‘would’ is the past subjunctive of ‘will’<br />IT IS NOT the conditional!<br />
  40. 40. summary<br />
  41. 41.
  42. 42. NB don’t confuse<br />‘the conditional sentences’<br />(or ‘the conditionals’)<br />ie. sentences with “If A; B”<br />with<br />‘the conditional (tense)’<br />eg. “I would/could/should/might go”<br />
  43. 43. notice the symmetry in the constructions <br />

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