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# Remote probability and the unreal present

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The First Conditional contrasted with the Second Conditional, and the two meanings of the Second Conditional

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### Remote probability and the unreal present

1. 1. Remote Probabilityand theUnreal Present<br />
2. 2. consider<br />
3. 3. If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />
4. 4. and<br />
5. 5. If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />
6. 6. what are the similarities?<br />
7. 7. If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />IfI won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />future possibility<br />
8. 8. If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />IfI won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />CONDITION (A)<br />RESULT (B)<br />
9. 9. If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />IfI won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />If A; B<br />
10. 10. what are the differences?<br />
11. 11. If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />CONDITION (A):<br />present simple<br />2. past subjunctive<br />
12. 12. If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />RESULT (B):<br />‘will’ future<br />conditional<br />
13. 13.
14. 14.
15. 15. now consider<br />
16. 16. If John were rich,<br />he’d buy a Ferrari.<br />
17. 17. If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />If John were rich,<br />he’d buy a Ferrari.<br />
18. 18. If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />SAME FORM:<br />past subj.<br />+<br />conditional<br />If John were rich,<br />he’d buy a Ferrari.<br />
19. 19. future possibility<br />If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />If John were rich,<br />he’d buy a Ferrari.<br />present impossibility<br />
20. 20. this is the<br />‘unreal present’<br />
21. 21. it works like this<br />
22. 22.
23. 23. create unreal present sentences from these:<br />I’m not at the beach.<br />I don’t have the right change.<br />We have her phone number.<br />She doesn’t speak perfect Japanese.<br />You are helping me.<br />I know the answer.<br />He has to study hard.<br />You aren’t here.<br />They are here.<br />This class is supremely intelligent.<br />I drink, I smoke and I eat what I want.<br />She doesn’t drink, she doesn’t smoke and she doesn’t eat meat.<br />It’s Monday.<br />I don’t come to university by bus.<br />
24. 24. summary<br />
25. 25.
26. 26. is this a sliding scale of probability?<br />
27. 27. e.g.<br />
28. 28.
29. 29. attractive idea<br />
30. 30. but WRONG<br />
31. 31.
32. 32. grammar doesn’t work like this:<br />
33. 33. it works like this:<br />
34. 34.
35. 35. TERMINOLOGY<br />