Remote Probabilityand theUnreal Present<br />
consider<br />
If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />
and<br />
If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />
what are the similarities?<br />
If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />IfI won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />future...
If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />IfI won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />CONDIT...
If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />IfI won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />If A; ...
what are the differences?<br />
If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />CONDI...
If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />RESUL...
now consider<br />
If John were rich,<br />he’d buy a Ferrari.<br />
If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />If John were rich,<br />he’d buy a Ferrari.<br />
If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />SAME FORM:<br />past subj.<br />+<br />conditional<br />If John were ri...
future possibility<br />If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />If John were rich,<br />he’d buy a Ferrari.<br ...
this is the<br />‘unreal present’<br />
it works like this<br />
create unreal present sentences from these:<br />I’m not at the beach.<br />I don’t have the right change.<br />We have he...
summary<br />
is this a sliding scale of probability?<br />
e.g.<br />
attractive idea<br />
but WRONG<br />
grammar doesn’t work like this:<br />
it works like this:<br />
TERMINOLOGY<br />
Remote probability and the unreal present
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Remote probability and the unreal present

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The First Conditional contrasted with the Second Conditional, and the two meanings of the Second Conditional

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Remote probability and the unreal present

  1. 1. Remote Probabilityand theUnreal Present<br />
  2. 2. consider<br />
  3. 3. If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />
  4. 4. and<br />
  5. 5. If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />
  6. 6. what are the similarities?<br />
  7. 7. If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />IfI won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />future possibility<br />
  8. 8. If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />IfI won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />CONDITION (A)<br />RESULT (B)<br />
  9. 9. If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />IfI won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />If A; B<br />
  10. 10. what are the differences?<br />
  11. 11. If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />CONDITION (A):<br />present simple<br />2. past subjunctive<br />
  12. 12. If Brazil wins the next World Cup, nobody will be surprised.<br />If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />RESULT (B):<br />‘will’ future<br />conditional<br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15. now consider<br />
  16. 16. If John were rich,<br />he’d buy a Ferrari.<br />
  17. 17. If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />If John were rich,<br />he’d buy a Ferrari.<br />
  18. 18. If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />SAME FORM:<br />past subj.<br />+<br />conditional<br />If John were rich,<br />he’d buy a Ferrari.<br />
  19. 19. future possibility<br />If I won the lottery,<br />I’d buy a Ferrari.<br />If John were rich,<br />he’d buy a Ferrari.<br />present impossibility<br />
  20. 20. this is the<br />‘unreal present’<br />
  21. 21. it works like this<br />
  22. 22.
  23. 23. create unreal present sentences from these:<br />I’m not at the beach.<br />I don’t have the right change.<br />We have her phone number.<br />She doesn’t speak perfect Japanese.<br />You are helping me.<br />I know the answer.<br />He has to study hard.<br />You aren’t here.<br />They are here.<br />This class is supremely intelligent.<br />I drink, I smoke and I eat what I want.<br />She doesn’t drink, she doesn’t smoke and she doesn’t eat meat.<br />It’s Monday.<br />I don’t come to university by bus.<br />
  24. 24. summary<br />
  25. 25.
  26. 26. is this a sliding scale of probability?<br />
  27. 27. e.g.<br />
  28. 28.
  29. 29. attractive idea<br />
  30. 30. but WRONG<br />
  31. 31.
  32. 32. grammar doesn’t work like this:<br />
  33. 33. it works like this:<br />
  34. 34.
  35. 35. TERMINOLOGY<br />

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