Present simple or continuous

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The choice between the Preset Simple and the Present Continuous

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Present simple or continuous

  1. 1. Present SimpleorContinuous
  2. 2. present simple is used for:
  3. 3. 1. things that are always true
  4. 4. Oil floats on water.The Earth goes round the sun.
  5. 5. 2. things that are true for a long time
  6. 6. I live in Rome.She works for a big company.
  7. 7. 3. habits
  8. 8. He has coffee for breakfast.They go to the beach in July.
  9. 9. adverbs of frequency are common withthe present simple for habits
  10. 10. always usually oftenHe has coffee for breakfast. sometimes rarely never
  11. 11. ‘present’ simpleis NOT a good name!
  12. 12. it talks aboutgeneral, repeated or permanent time
  13. 13. present continuous is used for:
  14. 14. 1. actions in progress
  15. 15. She’s crossing the road. The sun is shining.
  16. 16. 2. actions happening around now
  17. 17. I’m reading a good book.We’re studying pronunciation.
  18. 18. verbs in the continuous are: a) temporary b) interruptible
  19. 19. contrast between habit and current situation
  20. 20. I usually wear a suit to workbut today I’m wearing jeans.
  21. 21. He usually has tea for breakfast but today he’s having coffee.
  22. 22. verbs of action and state
  23. 23. verbs of action change things
  24. 24. he was at home He goes to work. now he’s at work
  25. 25. she didn’t have a drink She buys a drink.now she has a drink
  26. 26. verbs of action can be used insimple and continuous tenses
  27. 27. She has a shower every morning.She’s having a shower now.
  28. 28. verbs of state describeunchanging situations
  29. 29. He believes in God.She owns a Porsche. She loves hip-hop.
  30. 30. common verbs of state:
  31. 31. believe doubt knowrememberunderstand
  32. 32. like lovedislike hateprefer want
  33. 33. agreedenymeanneed own
  34. 34. verbs of state aren’t used in the continuous
  35. 35. I’m wanting an ice-cream.
  36. 36. I’m wanting an ice-cream.
  37. 37. I’m wanting an ice-cream. I want an ice-cream.
  38. 38. some verbs have BOTHstate and action meanings !
  39. 39. come
  40. 40. He comes from Frascati.He’s coming from Frascati.
  41. 41. come = origin He comes from Frascati.He’s coming from Frascati. come = travel
  42. 42. have
  43. 43. She has long hair.She’s having lunch.
  44. 44. have = own / possessShe has long hair.She’s having lunch. have = consume
  45. 45. think
  46. 46. What do you think of the film?What are you thinking about?
  47. 47. think = have opinionWhat do you think of the film?What are you thinking about? think = reflect
  48. 48. particular verbs
  49. 49. verbs of position
  50. 50. stand (up) sit (down)kneel (down) lie (down)
  51. 51. these verbs use the simple for the action of assuming a position…
  52. 52. at the end, everybody stands up
  53. 53. they always sit in the corner
  54. 54. … and they use the continuous to indicate a position already assumed
  55. 55. the men are standing at the bar
  56. 56. she’s lying on the sofa
  57. 57. wear
  58. 58. ‘wear’ in the simple indicates a habit…
  59. 59. I usually wear a suit to work...
  60. 60. … and in the continuous itindicates what someone already has on their body at the time
  61. 61. …but today I’m wearing jeans.

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