Modal will and shall

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Explanation of Modal Will and Modal Shall, including an explanation of the meaning for Italian speakers

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Modal will and shall

  1. 1. Modal Willand Shall
  2. 2. modal will
  3. 3. I‟ll help you.
  4. 4. „will‟ expresses willingness
  5. 5. „will‟ expresses volontà
  6. 6. there is no equivalent verb in Italian
  7. 7. BUT there is the same idea
  8. 8. io ci pensoci penso io
  9. 9. what‟s the difference?io ci pensoci penso io
  10. 10. factio ci pensoci penso io
  11. 11. io ci pensoci penso io offer to help
  12. 12. io ci pensoci penso io modal idea!
  13. 13. io ci pensoci penso io
  14. 14. io ci penso ci penso iowill
  15. 15. A: “I‟m hungry.”B:
  16. 16. A: “I‟m hungry.”B: “I‟ll make you a sandwich.”
  17. 17. A: “Can I have the wine-list.”B:
  18. 18. A: “Can I have the wine-list.”B: “I‟ll bring it for you.”
  19. 19. A: “I‟ve lost your phone number.”B:
  20. 20. A: “I‟ve lost your phone number.”B: “I‟ll give it to you again.”
  21. 21. A: “Dring-dring, dring-dring.”B:
  22. 22. A: “Dring-dring, dring-dring.”B: “I‟ll answer it.”
  23. 23. A: “Dring-dring, dring-dring.”B: “I‟ll answer it.” “Rispondo io.”
  24. 24. A: “Dring-dring, dring-dring.”B: “I‟ll answer it.” present
  25. 25. A: “Dring-dring, dring-dring.”B: “I‟ll answer it.” modal
  26. 26. compare
  27. 27. I answer the phone
  28. 28. I answer the phonewhen my boss is out.
  29. 29. Present Simple I answer the phonewhen my boss is out.
  30. 30. habit I answer the phonewhen my boss is out.
  31. 31. this is what I do every time I answer the phonewhen my boss is out.
  32. 32. but
  33. 33. I‟ll answer the phone
  34. 34. I‟ll answer the phone (it‟s ringing now)
  35. 35. Present ModalI‟ll answer the phone (it‟s ringing now)
  36. 36. I offer to answerI‟ll answer the phone (it‟s ringing now)
  37. 37. this time (now)I‟ll answer the phone (it‟s ringing now)
  38. 38. the Present Simple is an errorI answer the phone (it‟s ringing now)
  39. 39. other meanings of „modal will‟
  40. 40. Ask Sarah, she‟ll help you.
  41. 41. imperativeAsk Sarah, she‟ll help you.
  42. 42. explanationAsk Sarah, she‟ll help you.
  43. 43. suppositionAnna‟ll be at home now so we can visit her.
  44. 44. I‟ll buy you a bicycle for your birthday.
  45. 45. promisingI‟ll buy you a bicycle for your birthday.
  46. 46. modal shall
  47. 47. Shall I carry your bags?
  48. 48. „shall‟ is a modal verbthat asks about the desires or wishes of another person
  49. 49. „modal shall‟ is used inquestions in the 1st person singular and plural
  50. 50. „modal shall‟ is used inquestions in the 1st person singular and plural Shall I …? Shall we …?
  51. 51. Do you want me to carry…Shall I carry your bags?
  52. 52. Shall we go to the cinema?
  53. 53. proposal for the groupShall we go to the cinema?
  54. 54. compare
  55. 55. imperative for the groupLet‟s go to the cinema?
  56. 56. What film shall we see?
  57. 57. request for proposalWhat film shall we see?
  58. 58. www.davidnicholson.it

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