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Schwa and the short i

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Schwa and the short 'i'
- simplified pronunciation in prefixes and suffixes

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Schwa and the short i

  1. 1. Schwa and the Short ‘i’
  2. 2. the short ‘i’
  3. 3. ɪ sit, big, him live, give, build minute, women, recipe
  4. 4. ɪ sit, big, him live, give, build minute, women, recipe
  5. 5. ɪ sɪt, bɪg, hɪm lɪve, gɪve, bɪld mɪnɪte, wɪmɪn, recɪpɪ
  6. 6. ɪ short ‘i’ i Italian ‘i’ iː long ‘i’
  7. 7. ɪ short ‘i’ -i- i Italian ‘i’ iː long ‘i’ -ee- -ea-
  8. 8. ɪ live i livello iː leave
  9. 9. ɪ Tim i timore iː team
  10. 10. find examples of ɪ and iː
  11. 11. ship dream keep sin clean sheep sleep kiss steam slip strip timid this lips these scene rhythm ski built extreme
  12. 12. shɪp driːm kiːp sɪn cliːn shiːp sliːp kɪss stiːm slɪp strɪp tɪmɪd thɪs lɪps thiːse sciːne rhɪthm skiː bɪlt ɪxtriːme
  13. 13. short ‘i’ in prefixes and suffixes
  14. 14. -est biggest, fastest, smallest -es buses, boxes, watches -ed needed, wanted, waited -age village, passage, manage
  15. 15. -est bɪggɪst, fastɪst, smallɪst -es busɪs, boxɪs, watchɪs -ed* needɪd, wantɪd, waitɪd -age villɪge, passɪge, manɪge * after ‘t’ or ‘d’
  16. 16. de- debate, depend, device re- report, remain, reflect pre- prevent, preserve, predict be- begin, become
  17. 17. de-* dɪbate, dɪpend, dɪvice re-* rɪport, rɪmain, rɪflect pre-* prɪvent, prɪserve, prɪdict be- bɪgɪn, bɪcome * there are exceptions or alternatives
  18. 18. schwa
  19. 19. http://linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/2798/is-there-a-biological-reason-to-vowel-shift
  20. 20. http://linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/2798/is-there-a-biological-reason-to-vowel-shift
  21. 21. http://linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/2798/is-there-a-biological-reason-to-vowel-shift not front not back not closed not open
  22. 22. not front not back not closed not open = relaxed, central
  23. 23. the most common sound in English
  24. 24. important for pronunciation of grammar
  25. 25. many, many, different spellings
  26. 26. -er teacher, maker, father -or doctor, actor, cursor -ar grammar, calendar, collar -a comma, pasta, tuba -our colour, flavour, honour -ture future, mixture, culture
  27. 27. -er teachə, makə, fathə -or doctə, actə, cursə -ar grammə, calendə, collə -a commə, pastə, tubə -our* colə, flavə, honə -ture futʃə, mixtʃə, cultʃə * there are exceptions or alternatives
  28. 28. -tion station, elation -ful helpful, useful -ness happiness, darkness -less useless, endless -able lovable, durable -ible credible, flexible -ent absent, agent
  29. 29. -tion statən, elatən -ful helpfəl, usefəl -ness happinəss, darknəss -less useləss, endləss -able lovəbəl, durəbəl -ible credəbəl, flexəbəl -ent absənt, agənt
  30. 30. a-* about, afraid, awake com-* computer, command per-* perform, perhaps + pursue, forget, etc
  31. 31. a-* əbout, əfraid, əwake com-* cəmputə, cəmmand per-* pəform, pəhaps + pəsue, fəget, etc
  32. 32. find examples of ɪ and ə economics photography interesting abundantly divided environment disadvantage comparable political performer pregnancy reminder secretive strengthening understatement wonderful authorisation entertainment operational development
  33. 33. find examples of ɪ and ə ecənomɪcs phətogrəphɪ ɪnterəstɪng əbundəntlɪ dɪvidɪd ɪnvirənmənt dɪsədvantɪge cəmparəbəle pəlɪtɪcəl pərformər pregnəncɪ rɪmindər secrətɪve strengthənɪng undərstatemənt wondərfəl authərisatən entərtainmənt opəratənəl dɪveləpmənt
  34. 34. diphthongs not ɪ or ə eɪ day, face, wait əʊ boat, know, go aɪ my, high, five, lie ɔɪ boy, choice ɪə here, near eə wear, care, there, hair ʊə poor, sure, jury
  35. 35. http://www.davidnicholson.it/tools_n_terms/ipa_symbols_basic.html
  36. 36. www.davidnicholson.it

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