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Collocation

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What Is Collocation, and collocation in dictionaries

Collocation

  1. 1. Collocation<br />
  2. 2. Certain words are typically used with other words. For example, we say ‘a tall tree’ but ‘a high mountain’. These words are called collocations.<br />
  3. 3. Look at the entry for chance<br />(sense 1):<br />
  4. 4. Can you find two adjectives that go with chance, and mean ‘a small chance’?<br />
  5. 5. And another adjective that means ‘a very small chance’?<br />
  6. 6. These adjectives are collocations of the word chance.<br />
  7. 7. The examples in the OALD are designed to show typical collocations of the headword.<br />
  8. 8. Typical collocations are shown in bold type.<br />
  9. 9. You can use collocation as a technique when you are translating.<br />
  10. 10. For example, how do you translate<br />accendere un mutuo<br />
  11. 11. accendere = light (up)<br />mutuo = mortgage<br />
  12. 12. accendere un mutuo<br />=<br />light up a mortgage<br />?<br />
  13. 13. accendere un mutuo<br />=<br />light up a mortgage<br />X<br />
  14. 14. you can light up a cicarette<br />but you can’tlight up a mortgage<br />
  15. 15. accendere is an Italian collocation formutuo<br />
  16. 16. what is the corresponding English collocation formortgage ?<br />
  17. 17. take out a mortgage<br />
  18. 18. accendere un mutuo<br />=<br />take out a mortgage<br />✓<br />
  19. 19. For more detail you can consult the Oxford Dictionary of Collocations<br />
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22. http://www.amazon.it/Oxford-Collocations-Dictionary-Students-English/dp/0194325385/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1310379097&sr=8-1<br />
  23. 23. There is also an unofficial version on-line:<br />http://www.lixiaolai.com/ocd/index.html<br />(but it doesn’t have exactly the same text)<br />
  24. 24.
  25. 25. HOMEWORK<br />See the forum for collocation exercises.<br />

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