E-Learning in Malaysia


Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

E-Learning in Malaysia

  1. 1. E-learning initiatives in Malaysia<br />Dr. David Asirvatham<br />Director<br />Centre for IT<br />University Malaya<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />Malaysia’s Strategy<br />ICT Indicators<br />Short History of e-learning initiatives in Malaysia<br />E-learning initiatives<br />Govt.<br />Higher Education (HE)<br />Schools<br />Demo<br />Conclusion<br />
  3. 3. Malaysia’s Strategy:9th Malaysia Plan (2006-2010)Second Phase of Vision 2020<br />Seven strategies for the development of Malaysia:<br />Promoting new sources of high value added growth<br />Strengthening small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)<br />Developing new avenues for domestic investment <br />Dealing with the emergence of China and India<br />Completing the rehabilitation and liberalising of the financial sector<br />Building world-class human capital<br />Remaining cognisant of income distribution <br />E-Learning<br />
  4. 4. National ICT Agenda<br />PEOPLE<br />- Work Culture<br />- ICT Skills- Knowledge worker<br />- Learning Society<br />- United, moral & ethical<br />KNOWLEDGE-BASED<br />ECONOMY<br />APPLICATION &<br />CONTENT<br />- Smart Schools<br />- e-govt.<br />- Smartcard<br />- Tele-medicine<br />- Others<br />INFRASTRUCTURE<br />- Communication <br />- Fibre-Optic Cabling<br />- Gigabit ATM<br />- Satellite<br />- Transport/Logistic<br />- etc<br />
  5. 5. Education Level<br />
  6. 6. Growth of Cellular Phones<br />Cell Phones in Malaysia<br />
  7. 7. Broadband Usage in Malaysia<br />Number of broadband subscribers<br />
  8. 8. Internet Growth<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. Time spent on Internet<br />
  11. 11. Activities on the net<br />
  12. 12. Blog and Messaging<br />Blog Access<br />Blog Awareness<br />Instant Messaging<br />
  13. 13. E-Readiness – ASEAN Region: Where are we?<br />EMERGING<br /><ul><li>Basic infrastructure requirements for e-readiness in place
  14. 14. Political commitment for ICT revolution</li></ul>EVOLVING<br /><ul><li>Comprehensive infrastructure framework established
  15. 15. Framework being updated for effective implementation</li></ul>EMBEDDING<br /><ul><li>General acceptance of ICT by citizens, business and government
  16. 16. Incorporating e-business requirements into policies, legislations and regulations
  17. 17. Efforts taken to enhance international standing</li></ul>EXTENDING<br /><ul><li>Has moved to world-class practice
  18. 18. ICT used to improve productivity and standards of living</li></ul>Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar & Vietnam<br />Thailand & Philippines<br />Singapore<br />Malaysia<br />
  19. 19. Development of e-Learning in Malaysia<br />Pre e-learning<br />e-learning: Schools<br />e-learning: Universities<br />e-learning: National level<br />1997: MOE through ETD actively involved in Smart Schools- beginning of e-learning.<br />1972: Educational Technology Division set up by Ministry of Education:<br /> Educational radio and television broadcasts to schools<br />1992:National E-Learning Steering Committee<br />1994: National IT Council<br />1997: Research Education Network: TEMAN*<br />1999:MyGFL <br />2004:Metadata Centre<br />Activities by NITC<br />1998: <br />University of Malaya- <br />First LMS in the country - COL : Course On-Line<br />1999 : MMU, IMU and UNITAR launched LMS<br />2001 : OUM : Started E-Learning. Now 34,000 students<br />2002: Smart school application software in 90 pilot schools<br />2005: 15 State Libraries and 336 Teacher Activity Centres<br />2004: Beginning of active “e-learning”<br />National e-Learning Centre (NELC): <br />2005: ASEAN E-Learning Seminar <br />*TEMAN –Test-bed Environment for Malaysian Multimedia Applications and Networking<br />
  20. 20. Growth of ICT in Malaysia<br />Expected Growth Rate from 2005 to 2009: 15.6% <br />System Integration (SI): 40%<br />Support & Training: 32.3%<br />Outsourcing: 27.7%<br />Source: IDC (2005)<br /><ul><li>SMBs in Malaysia spent about $4.6 Billion on ICT in 2008.</li></ul>AMI-Partners<br /><ul><li>IT spending grew at 7% (US$5,704.6 million) in 2008, compared to a 10.6% growth in 2007</li></ul>IDC&apos;s November 2007 Worldwide Black Book<br />
  21. 21. Global Service Location Index(Outsourcing): 2009 Report.<br />
  22. 22. E-readiness Rankingamong 65 countries<br />Source:<br />http://globaltechforum.eiu.com<br />
  23. 23. E-Readiness Ranking 2009<br />
  24. 24. E-readiness Ranking: Asia-Pacific<br />
  25. 25. Internet Programme for rural areas<br />Delivery of Internet and e-learning to rural community in Malaysia<br />Post-Offices have been installed with computers and Internet access (Cybercafe concept)<br />Free access to rural community<br />
  26. 26. National E-learning Centre (NELC)<br />
  27. 27. National E-Learning Centre<br />To promote e-learning in the country<br />Act as one-stop centre for e-learning<br />Will be driven by public and private sector<br />Certification LMS and Content<br />Establish technical work groups (e.g. SCORM)<br />Organize training, forums, seminars, etc<br />Establishment of the centre has been delayed<br />
  28. 28. E-learning Initiative for the Government sector<br />E-learning initiatives for the government sector to be spearheaded by INTAN<br />Establishment of the National Steering Committee for e-learning in public sector<br />Implementation (2006)<br />Platform and Content to conform to SCORM<br />Many government-based tender and specification support SCROM<br />E.g. MHE, INTAN, MOE, etc<br />
  29. 29. E-Learning Initiatives in HE<br />Almost all public and private universities have e-learning platform<br />Many have setup e-learning units, committees and policies.<br />Usage varies from 20% - 90% <br />Many seminars, conferences and workshops have been organised.<br />Many research initiatives on e-learning<br />
  30. 30. e-Learning Availability in Institute of Higher Learning (2005)<br />Usage<br />
  31. 31. E-learning in Malaysia<br />E-learning Initiatives: First Virtual University<br />Universiti Tun Abdul Razak<br />(http://www.unitar.edu.my)<br /><ul><li> Established in 1999
  32. 32. E-learning concept
  33. 33. Degree programmes
  34. 34. Business and ICT
  35. 35. Virtual Online Instructional </li></ul> Support System (VOISS)<br />
  36. 36. E-learning in Malaysia<br />E-learning Initiatives: Malaysian Open University<br />Open University of Malaysia<br />http://www.unitem.edu.my<br /><ul><li> Consortium of 11 public universities
  37. 37. First Batch: Oct. 2001
  38. 38. E-learning concept
  39. 39. Some face-to-face
  40. 40. Degree and Diploma programmes
  41. 41. Business and ICT </li></li></ul><li>Multimedia University<br />Internal<br />MMU in-campus programmes (&gt; 100 Degree Programmes)<br />Face-to-face the main mode of delivery<br />All lecture notes, ppt, etc. are delivered using MMLS<br />Multimedia Content<br />20,000 students/staff use the system<br />250,000 hits x 2 servers per month<br />Internet-based Degree Programme<br />IT and e-business programmes<br />Online MBA programme<br />
  42. 42. Multimedia University<br />External<br />National Income Tax Training Centre, Malaysia<br />CIAST (Human Resource Training Centre), Malaysia<br />National University Malaysia (UKM)<br />Melaka International School, Malaysia<br />EXD Network, Malaysia<br />TMNet (ISP), Malaysia<br />Penang Skill Development College, Malaysia<br />17 schools<br />La Rochella University, France<br />NEMISA and ISSA, South Africa<br />Matrushri Academy, India.<br />Computer Man University College, Sudan<br />
  43. 43. 5 June 2002, Bangkok<br />E-learning in Malaysia<br />Other e-learning initiatives<br />Penang e-learning Portal:<br /><ul><li> promote knowledge sharing
  44. 44. information exchange & collaboration
  45. 45. USM, Penang State Govt., Penang skill</li></ul> Development Centre, HD Training & RIFA<br /><ul><li> School-Industry Partnership Initiation (SIPI)</li></li></ul><li>5 June 2002, Bangkok<br />E-learning in Malaysia<br />Other e-learning initiatives<br />Cikgu Net Portal:<br /><ul><li> target teachers and students
  46. 46. articles, self-development guide, lesson plan, </li></ul> collaboration tools, teaching resources.<br /><ul><li> wide range of educational resources</li></li></ul><li>5 June 2002, Bangkok<br />E-learning in Malaysia<br />Other e-learning initiatives<br />Study Malaysia Portal:<br /><ul><li> career guidance for students
  47. 47. matching programmes for students
  48. 48. developed by consortium of private colleges
  49. 49. target local and international students</li></li></ul><li>5 June 2002, Bangkok<br />E-learning in Malaysia<br />Other e-learning initiatives<br />KnowledgeOnline Portal:<br /><ul><li> offers over 500 programmes
  50. 50. e-learning mode
  51. 51. e.g. Programming, Networking, Database, TCP/IP
  52. 52. aim: assist human resource development in the country</li></li></ul><li>5 June 2002, Bangkok<br />E-learning in Malaysia<br />Other e-learning initiatives<br />My e-Tutor Portal:<br /><ul><li> provides tuition for school students
  53. 53. wide range of Malaysian schools subjects
  54. 54. primary and secondary level
  55. 55. educational information</li></li></ul><li>Demo … e-learning system at HE <br />
  56. 56. Summary: Status of e-learning in Malaysia <br />Many e-learning seminars, workshops and conferences have been conducted<br />A lot of interest in e-learning as shown by papers in conferences by public and private higher educational institutions<br />Many have adopted SCORM<br />More companies are involved in providing e-learning solutions: LMS and Content<br />There are more than 128 companies that are registered with PIKOM who provide e-learning or related solutions.<br />Almost all the content development companies provide solutions that are SCORM compliance.<br />Many universities have established their own e-learning centre<br />Many universities have adopted SCORM Stds<br />E-learning is used in schools (smart schools), colleges, Library, etc.<br />Public Sector has started e-learning programme (prototype) for govt. employees<br />Corporate companies are beginning to promote e-learning to their employees (e.g. Maybank, BNM , Telekom, etc)<br />Establishment of National E-learning Standards (in progress)<br />ASEAN e-learning Conference <br />
  57. 57. Conclusion<br />Good ICT infrastructure is available <br />The Malaysian government has invested a lot on ICT and e-learning <br />E-learning is widely used in educational institutions but implementation has been slow in private sector. <br />A lot of initiatives taken by ministry for schools (primarily content development)<br />Usage of e-learning in schools/colleges has be gradual. Cultural change is needed.<br />Interest in e-learning is high (many seminars/conference with a high turnout)<br />A lot of research is done in e-learning by universities.<br />Many solution providers for content and system.<br />SCORM Stds being adopted by many.<br />
  58. 58. Still growing…Thank you<br />June 2009<br />