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How To Pronounce
‘OUGH’ In English
EXLenglish.com
The ‘OUGH’ letter combination
is one of the most unpredictable
to pronounce becasue there are
6 variations in American Eng...
Have you thought this
through thoroughly enough?
Originally, Anglo-Saxon
words were written with
an ‘H’ to indicate a
voiceless velar fricative
in words like ‘Bach’ with a...
The ‘voiceless velar fricative’
is a rasp in the back of the
throat in words like ‘Loch’3
Then around the 13th
century, when the French
invaded and began to
influence the English
language…a ’G’ was added
to the ‘...
But later, around the 17th
century, the voiceless velar
fricative began to change.
In some places, the "gh" disappeared
completely like in “through" and
“bought". In others, it was converted
to a ‘voiceles...
OUGH as in ‘Though’
EIGH as in ‘Neighbor’
AUGH as in ‘Taught’
IGH as in ‘High’
abought
aforethought
afterthought
afterthoughts
although
besought
bethought
borough
boroughs
bough
boughed
boughpot
boughp...
OUGH = /oʊ/ (Long O)
• Dough
• Furlough
• Though
• Thorough
• Although
Pronounced with the
‘Long O’ (oh) sound in
words li...
I love mixing bread dough
The missionaries are home
on furlough
I like it even though
it smells weird
He always does
a thorough job
I understand. Although
I don’t think it’s a very
good excuse
OUGH = /uː/ (Long U)
• Through
• Throughout
• Throughput
• Throughway
• Pronounced with the
‘Long U’ (oo) sound
in words l...
It was too big to fit
through the door
He traveled there often
throughout his lifetime
They spend the day trying
to measure througput
on the server
An accident prevented
us from getting on
the throughway
OUGH /ɔː/ = (AW sound)
• Bought
• Brought
• Ought
• Sought
• Thought
• Wrought
• Regularly used before
the letter /t/
• On...
I bought a new
house last year
She brought me some coffee
You ought to go with them
They sought new ways to
increase productivity
He thought she was nuts
It wrought a terrible plague
OUGH = /aʊ/ (OW sound)
• Bough
• Plough
• Drought
• Pronounced with the
'Ow' sound in words
like 'cow‘, ‘now’ or
‘how’
The bough fell off
during the storm
He hates to
plough his farm
They suffered a
severe drought
OUGH = /ɒf/ (OFF)
• Cough (coff)
• Trough (troff)
• Pronounced with the
‘Off' sound in words
like ‘scoff‘or
‘stroganoff’
She was coughing
all afternoon
The horses drank
from the trough
OUGH /ʌf/ = (Uff)
• Enough
• Rough
• Slough
• Tough
• Prounced as ‘uff’ in
words like ‘cuff’,
‘stuff’ or ‘buff’
That’s enough for today
It was a rough game
He always sloughs off
on the job
She is one tough boss
One final exception is the
word ‘hiccup’ which you may
see spelled ‘hiccough’
Have fun and practice
pronouncing these words
with the ‘OUGH’ letter
combinations!
Bibliography
1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ough_(orthography)
2. http://www.howtospell.co.uk/gh-words
3. https://www.qu...
More ESL Info on ‘OUGH’
• http://rachelsenglish.com/pronounce-ough/
• http://www.pronuncian.com/Podcast/Default.aspx?Episo...
OughHow To Pronounce Words Written With ‘OUGH’ Correctly In English? sounds
OughHow To Pronounce Words Written With ‘OUGH’ Correctly In English? sounds
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OughHow To Pronounce Words Written With ‘OUGH’ Correctly In English? sounds

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Did you know that there are 6 different ways to pronounce words written with ‘OUGH’ in English? So, if you want to know how to pronounce words written with the ‘OUGH’ letter combination…watch the video at http://exlenglish.com/how-to-pronounce-words-written-with-ough-correctly-in-english/

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OughHow To Pronounce Words Written With ‘OUGH’ Correctly In English? sounds

  1. 1. How To Pronounce ‘OUGH’ In English EXLenglish.com
  2. 2. The ‘OUGH’ letter combination is one of the most unpredictable to pronounce becasue there are 6 variations in American English and 10 in British English 1
  3. 3. Have you thought this through thoroughly enough?
  4. 4. Originally, Anglo-Saxon words were written with an ‘H’ to indicate a voiceless velar fricative in words like ‘Bach’ with a ‘hard H’ sound 2
  5. 5. The ‘voiceless velar fricative’ is a rasp in the back of the throat in words like ‘Loch’3
  6. 6. Then around the 13th century, when the French invaded and began to influence the English language…a ’G’ was added to the ‘H’ to represent this ‘voiceless velar fricative’ 4
  7. 7. But later, around the 17th century, the voiceless velar fricative began to change.
  8. 8. In some places, the "gh" disappeared completely like in “through" and “bought". In others, it was converted to a ‘voiceless labiodental fricative’ (a rasp between the teeth and lips) that now sounds like an "f“ in words like ‘cough’ and ‘enough’. 5
  9. 9. OUGH as in ‘Though’ EIGH as in ‘Neighbor’ AUGH as in ‘Taught’ IGH as in ‘High’
  10. 10. abought aforethought afterthought afterthoughts although besought bethought borough boroughs bough boughed boughpot boughpots boughs bought boughten breakthrough breakthroughs brougham broughams brought chough choughs clough cloughs cough coughed cougher coughers coughing coughs dogfought dough doughboy doughboys doughface doughfaces doughier doughiest doughlike doughnut doughnutlike doughnuts doughs dought doughtier doughtiest doughtily doughtiness doughtinesses doughty doughy dreadnought dreadnoughts drought droughtier droughtiest droughtiness droughtinesses droughts droughty enough enoughs forethought forethoughtful forethoughtfully forethoughtfulness forethoughtfulnesses forethoughts fought foughten furlough furloughed furloughing furloughs gunfought handwrought hiccough hiccoughed hiccoughing hiccoughs infought interborough interboroughs interwrought lough loughs merrythought merrythoughts methought misthought nought noughts ought oughted oughting oughts outbought outfought outthought outwrought overbought overthought overwrought plough ploughed plougher ploughers ploughing ploughs rebought refought resought rethought rewrought rough roughage roughages roughcast roughcasting roughcasts roughdried roughdries roughdry roughdrying roughed roughen roughened roughening roughens rougher roughers roughest roughhew roughhewed roughhewing roughhewn roughhews roughhouse roughhoused roughhouses roughhousing roughing roughish roughleg roughlegs roughly roughneck roughnecks roughness roughnesses roughrider roughriders roughs roughshod slough sloughed sloughier sloughiest sloughing sloughs sloughy sough soughed soughing soughs sought sourdough sourdoughs thorough thoroughbass thoroughbasses thoroughbrace thoroughbraces thoroughbred thoroughbreds thorougher thoroughest thoroughfare thoroughfares thoroughgoing thoroughly thoroughness thoroughnesses thoroughpin thoroughpins thoroughwort thoroughworts though thought thoughtful thoughtfully thoughtfulness thoughtfulnesses thoughtless thoughtlessly thoughtlessness thoughtlessnesses thoughts thoughtway thoughtways through throughither throughly throughother throughout throughput throughputs throughway throughways tough toughed toughen toughened toughening toughens tougher toughest toughie toughies toughing toughish toughly toughness toughnesses toughs toughy trough troughs unbought underbought unfought unrough unsought unthought wherethrough wrought yarborough yarboroughs*
  11. 11. OUGH = /oʊ/ (Long O) • Dough • Furlough • Though • Thorough • Although Pronounced with the ‘Long O’ (oh) sound in words like 'toe‘, ‘no’ or ‘go’
  12. 12. I love mixing bread dough
  13. 13. The missionaries are home on furlough
  14. 14. I like it even though it smells weird
  15. 15. He always does a thorough job
  16. 16. I understand. Although I don’t think it’s a very good excuse
  17. 17. OUGH = /uː/ (Long U) • Through • Throughout • Throughput • Throughway • Pronounced with the ‘Long U’ (oo) sound in words like ‘too’, ‘threw’, or ‘shoe’
  18. 18. It was too big to fit through the door
  19. 19. He traveled there often throughout his lifetime
  20. 20. They spend the day trying to measure througput on the server
  21. 21. An accident prevented us from getting on the throughway
  22. 22. OUGH /ɔː/ = (AW sound) • Bought • Brought • Ought • Sought • Thought • Wrought • Regularly used before the letter /t/ • One exception in the word ‘Drought’
  23. 23. I bought a new house last year
  24. 24. She brought me some coffee
  25. 25. You ought to go with them
  26. 26. They sought new ways to increase productivity
  27. 27. He thought she was nuts
  28. 28. It wrought a terrible plague
  29. 29. OUGH = /aʊ/ (OW sound) • Bough • Plough • Drought • Pronounced with the 'Ow' sound in words like 'cow‘, ‘now’ or ‘how’
  30. 30. The bough fell off during the storm
  31. 31. He hates to plough his farm
  32. 32. They suffered a severe drought
  33. 33. OUGH = /ɒf/ (OFF) • Cough (coff) • Trough (troff) • Pronounced with the ‘Off' sound in words like ‘scoff‘or ‘stroganoff’
  34. 34. She was coughing all afternoon
  35. 35. The horses drank from the trough
  36. 36. OUGH /ʌf/ = (Uff) • Enough • Rough • Slough • Tough • Prounced as ‘uff’ in words like ‘cuff’, ‘stuff’ or ‘buff’
  37. 37. That’s enough for today
  38. 38. It was a rough game
  39. 39. He always sloughs off on the job
  40. 40. She is one tough boss
  41. 41. One final exception is the word ‘hiccup’ which you may see spelled ‘hiccough’
  42. 42. Have fun and practice pronouncing these words with the ‘OUGH’ letter combinations!
  43. 43. Bibliography 1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ough_(orthography) 2. http://www.howtospell.co.uk/gh-words 3. https://www.quora.com/Pronunciation/How-did-gh-at-the-end- ofsome-words-become-an-eff-sound 4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oZ-g8iF3Fdk 5. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oZ-g8iF3Fdk
  44. 44. More ESL Info on ‘OUGH’ • http://rachelsenglish.com/pronounce-ough/ • http://www.pronuncian.com/Podcast/Default.aspx?Episode=205 • http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/english/course/intermediate/ unit-9/session-1

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