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Publicaciones green urban_tourismstudycase_e8da8e0f

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Green Urban tourism Desing, Arlington Studycase, very interesting in focussing the most valuable areas related to sustainability

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Publicaciones green urban_tourismstudycase_e8da8e0f

  1. 1. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010 grEEn urbAn tourism EnvironmEntAlly sustAinAblE hospitAlity in Arlington, virginiA Why Green Travel Matters: sporting events contribute an additional 3 to 5 percent. Over the past several years, many travel Industry’s Global, National and industry providers have tried to minimize nega- Local Impacts tive impacts while simultaneously optimizing economic benefits and maintaining a high levelGeotourism, eco-tourism, green travel, green of tourist satisfaction.tourism or sustainable hospitality – although thereare nuanced differences among the terms used, Comprised of hotels, restaurants, stores, attractions,environmental sustainability is a topic that’s top transportation companies and countless other prod-of mind in today’s travel uct and service providers,industry. And given the travel-related businessesindustry’s size, it’s a subject are interwoven into thethat demonstrates potential fabric of the larger busi-for far-reaching impacts. ness community at local,To give just a snapshot: national and global levels.research by the U.S Travel Each of these groups hasAssociation estimates that in opportunities to lessen its2008, travel in the United impact on the environment.States employed 7.7 mil-lion individuals with a total By virtue of scale alone – Arlington has a number of fragile hallowedpayroll of $194 billion. In places that receive a large number of visitors as well as its inextricableArlington, Virginia, the annually such as the Pentagon Memorial. linkages to other businessTransient Occupancy Tax sectors – the travel industry(TOT) in Fiscal Year 2009 provided over $22 mil- can generate major environmental improvementslion to the County’s General Fund. through the encouragement and implementation of sustainable practices. At the local level, destina-In addition to the economic impacts described tion marketing organizations (DMOs) like Vir-above, the travel industry can also take credit for ginia’s Arlington Convention and Visitors Serviceabout 5 percent of global CO2 emissions (with (ACVS) are reinforcing industry-wide practicesaround 75 percent of these emissions generated through grass-roots efforts within their hospitalityby transportation), according to the World Tour- communities. An Arlington County Governmentism Organization (UNWTO). The hotel industry division within the Arlington Economic Develop-accounts for approximately 20 percent of travel- ment department, ACVS is specifically focused onrelated greenhouse gas emissions, and activi- realizing the goals represented in the framework itties conducted by museums, theme parks and has developed for “Green Urban Tourism.” 1
  2. 2. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010 Green Urban Tourism: ing current usage needs, the possibility of its use by future generations is not compromised.” Conceptual Framework This definition of sustainability is at the core ofAn Internet search on the term “sustainable tour- Arlington’s Green Urban Tourism Framework.ism,” results in literally hundreds of definitions And beyond that, the framework focuses spe-and perspectives, most centering consistently on cifically upon an array of local tourism assets,the themes of environment, heritage, aesthetics, business practices and supporting destination-culture, conservation and economic viability. The marketing tactics that maximize and encouragestrongest international consensus on the topic to sustainability in the context of a high-densitydate appears to have been achieved by the Global urban setting. Within the framework, a commu-Sustainable Tourism Criteria (GSTC) Partnership, nity’s success in Green Urban Tourism is drivenwhich defines sustainability as the “use of resourc- by environmentally sustainable practices in threees, in an environmentally responsible, socially fair interrelated areas: Buildings, Attractions & Events,and economically viable manner, so that by meet- and Infrastructure. 2
  3. 3. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010• Buildings: This category includes not only the • Branding & Marketing: Whether for an physical structures that house hotels, restaurants, individual business or for a Destination Mar- stores and other tourism-related businesses, but keting Organization, messaging, positioning the green practices that take place within them. and promotion of substantive sustainability It includes building standards and policies for efforts/accomplishments creates positive brand new construction/renovations, as well as efforts identification among environmentally con- to achieve energy savings, recycling, green meet- scious travelers. ings, visitor services and more. • Partnerships & Alliances: Communicative, • Attractions & committed partnerships among government, Events: This private-sector and non-profit organizations are category addresses key to building an energized, evolving approach the unique consid- to sustainability within a community. erations involved in protecting and Emerging from the foundation of the frame- preserving historic work are several supporting tactics which can and natural attrac- be customized for a destination. In this case, tions that draw high the tactics described apply to Arlington and are volumes of visitors. based upon ACVS’s Green Urban Tourism vision It also looks at the and goals. numerous ways toArlington’s “Rolling lessen the environ- Arlington’s Green Urban mental impact ofConcierges” Offer Visitor major tourism and Tourism Vision, Goals andServices with a LightFootprint community events. Supporting Tactics• Infrastructure: This category focuses primar- As Arlington County’s official destination ily on the importance of a community’s trans- marketing organization, ACVS’s overarching portation infrastructure as it relates to sustain- economic development mission is to keep the ability. In addition to addressing the benefits of County’s hotel rooms full, and to generate as a rail/subway system, it highlights the value of much visitor spending as possible at Arlington’s having an interconnected transportation network restaurants, stores, attractions, entertainment with rail, bus, cab, shuttle, bike and walking venues and more. Although the Arlington Coun- options. Secondarily, community energy plan- ty Government has the authority to set and en- ning is another aspect that can positively impact force standards supporting sustainable tourism, hospitality assets. ACVS is primarily a marketing organization that serves as a liaison between the County andThe three Green Urban Tourism Framework focus its hospitality community businesses. As such,areas described above enhance, and are in turn the Green Urban Tourism vision of ACVS is:strengthened by, three essential elements: To support and leverage sustainability-related initiatives of the Arlington County Government,• Standards & Best Practices: Global, state, local Virginia Government and local hospitality- and corporate standards, as well as industry-driv- related businesses to meet current visitor usage en best practices, continually inform businesses needs and ensure the use of tourism resources by and drive progress in their sustainability efforts. future generations. 3
  4. 4. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010In the short term, ACVS’s goal is to solidify the cial building materials and design, in categoriesrecognition of Arlington as a leading green tourism such as site location, water efficiency, energy anddestination among travelers and hospitality com- atmosphere, materials and resources, and indoormunity members. This will mainly be achieved by environmental quality. LEED™ is a comprehensiveresearching and documenting accomplishments in way for a professional, business or organization toArlington – government, private sector and non- master green building standards and practices.profit – aimed at improving environmental sustain-ability within the local tourism industry. As they’redocumented, these accomplishments will be pro-moted to potential business and leisure travelers (toincrease visitation) and to the Arlington hospitalitycommunity (to encourage competition, innovationand continual progress in “green” practices).In the long term, Arlington would like to establishitself as a national leader in Green Urban Tourism,recognized for exceptional public-private coop-eration in achieving environmental sustainability The LEED™ Certified Hilton Garden Innin at least three key areas: Buildings, Attractions Arlington/Shirlington& Events, and Infrastructure. Community-wideachievements would be documented and promotedto national tourism, urban planning and environ- The County’s dedication to sustainability results inmental media (to increase recognition of Arlington policies that positively impact tourism – particu-as a leader in these three fields). larly hotel development – as well as other sectors. For example, Arlington actively encourages siteIn the next section, specific Arlington examples plan projects (development projects seeking specialwill be outlined highlighting sustainable Buildings, exception to the County zoning ordinance) toAttractions & Events, and Infrastructure. incorporate green building components and pro- cesses. Additionally, Arlington’s Green Building Buildings. . . and the Incentive Program allows a private developer to apply for additional density if the project achieves Businesses within Them a LEED™ award from the USGBC. This incentive applies to all types of building projects (office, highFor many years, Arlington has been on the fore- rise residential, etc.) achieving any one of the fourfront of green building – employing a collection of LEED™ awards.land-use, building design and construction strate-gies intended to reduce the environmental impacts In recent years, such policies have resulted inthat buildings have on their surroundings. Arling- Arlington’s four newest hotels meeting variouston has adopted the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED™ certification levels: The 142-room Hilton(USGBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Garden Inn Arlington/Shirlington (opened Decem-Design (LEED™) Green Building Rating System ber 2009) was required to meet LEED™ for Newas a way to measure the energy and environmen- Construction certification at the Certified level, astal performance of buildings in the community. are the 625-room Marriott Renaissance/ResidenceThe LEED™ rating system allots points within Inn properties due in early 2011. The Residencesix specific categories for environmentally benefi- Inn by Marriott Arlington Courthouse (opened 4
  5. 5. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010August 2009) was not required to attain LEED™ Corporate Programs and Standardscertification, but did meet Arlington’s LEED™ Site Many individual hotel companies have developedPlan requirements. Whether through the site-plan sustainability initiatives that support Green Urbanprocess, bonus density incentives or other means, Tourism in the Arlington context. For example,Arlington’s focus on green building encourages programs such as Hyatt Earth, Kimpton Earthhotels, restaurants, retailers and other hospitality- Care, Marriott Spirit to Preserve and others setrelated providers to “raise the bar” for sustainabil- a wide array of requirements to be followed byity within their businesses. corporately flagged properties. From using soy- based inks in marketing collateral to conductingIn addition to local land-use, building design major infrastructure upgrades for energy and waterand construction strategies, there are global, efficiency, many major lodging providers are dem-corporate, state and local guidelines that inform onstrating a serious commitment to sustainability.and influence the green practices of Arlington’s Details on the three programs referenced abovehospitality community. may be found in Appendix B.Global Sustainable Tourism Criteria (GSTC) Virginia Green LodgingThe Global Tourism Sustainability Criteria (GSTC) Over a quarter of Arlington hotels are membersPartnership appears to be establishing itself as of the Commonwealth’s Virginia Green Lodginga consensus provider of global sustainable tour- program, which promotes and provides guidanceism guidelines and international accreditation for and resources for pollution prevention practices intravel industry to help protect the environment and the hospitality and lodging sector. A partnershipsupport local communities. Initiated in 2007 by between the Virginia Department of Environmentalthe Rainforest Alliance, the United Nations Envi- Quality, the Virginia Hospitality & Travel Associa-ronment Programme (UNEP), the United Nations tion and the Virginia Tourism Corporation, VirginiaFoundation, and the United Nations World Tour- Green Lodging is a self-certifying program whereism Organization (UNWTO), the partnership and facilities must verify that they at least practicingits associated criteria have been endorsed by more the core activities of optional linen service; recy-than 40 public, private, non-profit and academic cling; water conservation; energy conservation;institutions worldwide, including the American and green events, conferences and meetings.Hotel & Lodging Association, the American Soci-ety of Travel Agents, Conservation International, Fresh AIRE Expedia, Inc., and Travelocity/Sabre. The Global The Arlington Initiative to Reduce EmissionsSustainable Tourism Criteria are a set of 37 volun- (AIRE) program enlists local businesses to becometary standards representing the minimum that any Fresh AIRE partners, pledging to meet the follow-tourism business should aspire to reach in order to ing partnership criteria for their businesses: com-protect and sustain the world’s natural and cultural plying with all applicable environmental regula-resources while ensuring tourism meets its poten- tions; committing to improve energy performance,tial as a tool for poverty alleviation. The criteria recycling practices, and transportation alternatives;are organized around four main themes: effective implementing measures to save energy, water andsustainability planning; maximizing social and eco- other materials; reducing waste; improving uponnomic benefits for the local community; enhancing transportation options for clients and employees;cultural heritage; and reducing negative impacts to and allowing site visits from County personnel tothe environment (see Appendix A). verify that these minimum criteria are met. 5
  6. 6. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010 The tremendous volumes of visitors, along with exposure to various extremes of weather, make it imperative to ensure the protection of these frag- ile places. Although most of Arlington’s major attractions are not under the County’s jurisdiction, Arlington is committed to working with its federal government and attraction partners to ensure these precious national treasures are preserved. In addition to lightening the touch of tourism upon historic sites, attractions can employ an array of environmentally sustainable best practices. The following recommendations are based on research conducted for Arlington by students in the JohnsArlington County Board Members Favola (left) and Hopkins University’s Smart Growth Strategies forChairman Fisette (right) Present Fresh AIRE Award toMarriott’s Philip A. Smith (center) Sustainable Urban Development and Revitaliza- tion class in fall 2009. As with all other business-In a related effort, Arlington’s Community En- es, implementation of a robust recycling programergy Plan project will establish energy goals and can prevent plastic, metal, cardboard and otherstrategies for the entire County. It will ultimately materials from going into landfills. Compostingresult in an energy plan that addresses the placeswhere energy is used in the community and offerstrategies to enhance Arlington’s economic com-petitiveness, ensure reliable and affordable energysupplies, and demonstrate the County’s long-termcommitment to environmental responsibility. Reducing the Impact on Attractions and at EventsJust across the Potomac River from the nation’s Over 4 Million People Each Year Visit Arlingtoncapital, Arlington is the home of treasured his- National Cemeterytoric attractions and national parkland. The mostvisited sites are Arlington National Cemetery (4 toilets can reduce water use by 20 to 50 percent,million visitors annually), the Marine Corps War reducing nutrient loads on rivers and streams and,Memorial – Iwo Jima (1.4 million visitors), the Air as a result, benefiting marine life. Installing waterForce Memorial and the Pentagon Memorial (more filtration technology on-site for visitors can reducethan 225,000 visitors each). Additional attrac- waste from plastic bottles. Attractions can usetions include Arlington House – the Robert E. Lee hybrid or electric-powered vehicles for mainte-Memorial, the Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial nance and on-site transportation. They can alsoGrove, the Netherlands Carillon and pedestrian encourage use of public transportation by guests,access to Theodore Roosevelt Island. These sites feature bike-share programs, and/or offer preferredreceive hundreds of thousands of visitors annually. parking for bicycles. 6
  7. 7. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010 of thrown away – enough bottles and jugs that, laid end-to-end, would reach the 11-mile marker in the Marathon. As with attractions, major events present an excellent opportunity to apply green practices. For example, with careful advanced planning, event organizers can divert as much waste as pos- sible from landfills by having numerous, clearly labeled on-site receptacles for trash, recycled and composted materials. To increase usage, organiz-The Marine Corps War Memorial – Iwo Jima ers can station a volunteer at each trio of recep- tacles. Event managers can also arrange for aLike many communities and tourist destinations, “green” portable toilet service. With this type ofArlington is the site of many major public gather- unit, chemicals used are typically non-toxic andings throughout the year. With over 100 festivals, free of formaldehyde and alcohol. Additionally,parades, races, concerts and community events green toilet services commonly use alternativeannually, the County has worked purposefully cleaners and solvents that are biodegradable andwith event partners to employbest practices for recyclingand waste disposal. Forexample, the Marine CorpsMarathon (MCM), Arlington’slargest annual event, attractswell over 100,000 visitors tothe County on the last Sun-day of October. As a majorsponsor of the event, ArlingtonCounty and its Department ofEnvironmental Services (DES)work closely with Marathonorganizers on strategies forreducing waste, increasingrecycling, and ensuring a lightfootprint on the national park-land along much of the race Arlington, Home of the Marine Corps Marathon, Hosts Over 100,000course. The partnership be- Visitors Each Race Daytween Arlington and the MCMprovides excellent examplesof best practices for events: In 2006, the County non-toxic, avoiding aerosols and chemicals likecollected recyclable materials at the four runners’ Butyl and Glycol. Gray water from sinks canwater stations throughout Arlington and at the even be treated and recycled at a certified wasteRosslyn Finish Festival. As a result, more than treatment center. Additional ideas for event72,000 plastic bottles, nearly 11,000 plastic jugs organizers include partnering with a local organicand 2,000 cardboard boxes were recycled instead soil company to process compostable materials; 7
  8. 8. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010 using biodegradable utensils for all food; encouraging attend- ees to use public transportation (or in- centivizing them with a small gift or dis- counted admittance for showing their fare cards); and asking at- tendees to bring their Arlington’s All-Hybrid enviroCAB Promotes ‘CleanerRecycling at Attractions own water bottles Air For The Same Fare’and Events Diverts Waste for use at free fil-from Landfills tered-water stations. Washington metropolitan area’s Metrorail system Lastly, green event and a wealth of supplementary transit choicesorganizers should enthusiastically highlight their including natural-gas powered buses, hybrid andeco-friendly efforts on-site with reusable banners regular cabs, car sharing and car rental programs,or displays. jointly-operated hotel airport shuttles, and an exten- sive network of biking and walking options. Infrastructure Renowned by both visitors and residents for hav-A key element of environmentally sustainable ing an exceptionally user-friendly transportationtourism is a solid transportation infrastructure with system, Arlington County encourages all who live,a diverse array of alternatives to driving. When work, visit or commute through Arlington to usevisitors to a destination can have a car-free experi- mass transit, car- and van-pools, bicycles, walking,ence, the benefits include pollution reduction, cost telecommuting and other alternatives to drivingsavings, increased exercise, reduced stress and the alone. Whether it’s by the regional Metrorail ormore intimate knowledge of a place. Arlington is Metrobus systems, the Arlington Transit (ART)a leading example in this area, with 11 stops on the natural-gas powered local bus system, biking, walking or otherwise, there are many options for getting to and around Arlington’s urban villages and the entire Washington, D.C., area. Along with the greater Washington metropolitan area, Arlington leads the nation in promoting car- sharing. Essentially a hybrid between a rental car and a cab service, carsharing enables a customer to use a vehicle for as little as a half-hour. Cars are located curbside throughout a community, rather than at a central car rental location. Just a few benefits of car sharing are reductions in car own- ership, cars on the road, vehicle miles traveled,11 Metro Stations Make it Easy for Visitors to pollution and gas usage. Carsharing companiesGo Car-Free usually require membership, payment of an annual 8
  9. 9. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010 benefits to Arlington County employees, residents, and visitors who travel throughout the metropolitan Washington area. ATP transportation consultants work with companies free of charge to help them choose the best combination of benefits to meet their needs. For Arlington hotels, ATP provides materials; information and training to Arlington ensure staffs are educated about local transporta-Car Sharing Companies Like Zipcar Offer Cars for tion options. ATP can also arrange for bulk MetroShort-Term Use farecard purchases.fee (plus per-hour, per-mile fees for each use), anda security deposit. Vehicles are typically reserved ATP Facts: Out of 41online or by phone. Arlington hotels. . .Only 26 square miles in area, Arlington County • 15 provide transit benefits to their employees, who get maintains 36 miles of off-street, multi-use trails for direct or pre-tax money to take transit over driving alone • 27 have permanent information displays dedicated to bicycling, walking and jogging. Portions of these local transportation options, reducing traffic congestion trails pass through beautiful natural areas of Ar- and pollutionlington’s park system and connect to regional bike • 35 maintain an active transportation brochure account to distribute information to guests and employeestrails. The County also has 49 miles of marked, on- • 31 run shuttle service to and from specific points of street bicycle routes, connecting the off-street trails interest and Metro stationswith each other and with destinations throughout • 5 have actively sold transit passes on-site for the Arlington. Bikes are available for purchase, shar- convenience of guestsing or rental at several locations. Additionally, the Source: Arlington Transportation Partners, February 2010District of Columbia and Arlington have signedcontracts for what will become a regional bikesharing system by late 2010. In support of the ACVS Green Urban TourismTo assist visitors and residents in navigating their Framework, vision, short-term goals and long-termmany transportation choices, Arlington offers sev- goals, the following supporting tactics are beingeral informational resources online, in print and in employed on an ongoing basis:person. These include The Commuter Page, a website highlighting virtually every facet of the Wash- • Function as a facilitator/convener for bestington region’s public transit systems. Four Com- practices and knowledge transfers;muter Store locations in Arlington also provide • Use County as a test bed/pilot for greenvisitors with convenient, one-stop shopping for tourism practices;schedules, fares and information about the area’s • Provide information on transportation options;many transportation options, selling tickets and • Serve as focal point for local and statefarecards for several local and regional systems. policy making; • Promote local education and workforceAdditionally, Arlington County contracts with Ar- development;lington Transportation Partners (ATP), business-to- • Continue traditional tourism development efforts;business transportation consultants who assist orga- andnizations in offering commuter and transportation • Support technology applications of social media. 9
  10. 10. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010 Conclusions efforts. Arlington, Virginia, is a local jurisdic- tion with policies and incentives that encourageSustainable practices – those which use resources sustainable practices by both businesses andin an environmentally responsible, socially fair residents. It also exemplifies the concept ofand economically viable manner that ensures Green Urban Tourism, illustrated by a frameworktheir use by future generations – are essential to that demonstrates how an urban community’sthe long-term health of the travel industry. The combined tourism assets – Buildings, Attractionsimmense size of the industry, in terms of both & Events, and Infrastructure – can successfullyworldwide economic impact and its share of maximize environmental sustainability. Theseglobal greenhouse gas emissions, drives the need three types of assets enhance, and are reinforcedfor aggressive, ongoing progress toward environ- by, Standards & Best Practices, Branding &mental sustainability at international, national and Marketing, and committed long-term Partnershipslocal levels. & Alliances among public- and private-sector organizations. With carefully defined supportingWhile a number of standards and best practices tactics, Arlington and urban communities like itare emerging within the travel industry and its can apply the principles of the Green Urban Tour-various segments including lodging, transporta- ism Framework to ensure a hospitality industrytion and attractions, these are supplemented by that is ecologically friendly, economically healthy,a wide array of corporate and community-driven and compelling to potential visitors.This paper was prepared by Emily Cassell, MBA, TMP (Travel Marketing Professional), Director, ArlingtonConvention and Visitors Service. 10
  11. 11. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010Appendix A – GlobAl SuStAinAble B.2. Local residents are employed, including in management positions. Training is offered astouriSm CriteriA (GStC) necessary.www.sustainabletourismcriteria.org B.3. Local and fair-trade services and goods are pur-A. Demonstrate effective sustainable management. chased by the business, where available.A.1. The company has implemented a long-term sus- B.4. The company offers the means for local small tainability management system that is suitable to entrepreneurs to develop and sell sustainable its reality and scale, and that considers environ- products that are based on the area’s nature, his- mental, sociocultural, quality, health, and tory, and culture (including food and drink, crafts, safety issues. performance arts, agricultural products, etc.).A.2. The company is in compliance with all relevant B.5. A code of conduct for activities in indigenous international or local legislation and regulations and local communities has been developed, with (including, among others, health, safety, labor, the consent of and in collaboration with the and environmental aspects). community.A.3. All personnel receive periodic training regarding B.6. The company has implemented a policy against their role in the management of environmental, commercial exploitation, particularly of children sociocultural, health, and safety practices. and adolescents, including sexual exploitation.A.4. Customer satisfaction is measured and corrective B.7. The company is equitable in hiring women and action taken where appropriate. local minorities, including in management posi-A.5. Promotional materials are accurate and complete tions, while restraining child labor. and do not promise more than can be delivered B.8. The international or national legal protection of by the business. employees is respected, and employees are paid aA.6. Design and construction of buildings and living wage. infrastructure: B.9. The activities of the company do not jeopardizeA.6.1. Comply with local zoning and protected or the provision of basic services, such as water, heritage area requirements; energy, or sanitation, to neighboringA.6.2. Respect the natural or cultural heritage surround- communities. ings in siting, design, impact assessment, and land rights and acquisition; C. Maximize benefits to cultural heritage and mini-A.6.3. Use locally appropriate principles of sustainable mize negative impacts. construction; C.1. The company follows established guidelines or aA.6.4. Provide access for persons with special needs. code of behavior for visits to culturally or histori-A.7. Information about and interpretation of the natu- cally sensitive sites, in order to minimize visitor ral surroundings, local culture, and cultural heri- impact and maximize enjoyment. tage is provided to customers, as well as explain- C.2. Historical and archeological artifacts are not sold, ing appropriate behavior while visiting natural traded, or displayed, except as permitted by law. areas, living cultures, and cultural heritage sites. C.3. The business contributes to the protection of local historical, archeological, culturally, and spiritu-B. Maximize social and economic benefits to the ally important properties and sites, and does not local community and minimize negative impacts. impede access to them by local residents.B.1. The company actively supports initiatives for C.4. The business uses elements of local art, architec- social and infrastructure community develop- ture, or cultural heritage in its operations, design, ment including, among others, education, health, decoration, food, or shops; while respecting the and sanitation. intellectual property rights of local communities. 11
  12. 12. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010D. Maximize benefits to the environment and mini- D.3.2. No captive wildlife is held, except for properly mize negative impacts. regulated activities, and living specimens ofD.1. Conserving resources. protected wildlife species are only kept by thoseD.1.1. Purchasing policy favors environmentally authorized and suitably equipped to house and friendly products for building materials, capital care for them. goods, food, and consumables. D.3.3. The business uses native species for landscapingD.1.2. The purchase of disposable and consumable and restoration, and takes measures to avoid the goods is measured, and the business actively introduction of invasive alien species. seeks ways to reduce their use. D.3.4. The business contributes to the support of biodi-D.1.3. Energy consumption should be measured, sources versity conservation, including supporting indicated, and measures to decrease overall con- natural protected areas and areas of high biodi- sumption should be adopted, while encouraging versity value. the use of renewable energy. D.3.5. Interactions with wildlife must not produceD.1.4. Water consumption should be measured, sources adverse effects on the viability of populations in indicated, and measures to decrease overall con- the wild; and any disturbance of natural eco- sumption should be adopted. systems is minimized, rehabilitated, and thereD.2. Reducing pollution. is a compensatory contribution to conservationD.2.1. Greenhouse gas emissions from all sources management. controlled by the business are measured, and procedures are implemented to reduce and offset them as a way to achieve climate neutrality. Appendix b – CorporAte proGrAmD.2.2. Wastewater, including gray water, is treated ef- exAmpleS fectively and reused where possible.D.2.3. A solid waste management plan is implemented, Hyatt Earth with quantitative goals to minimize waste that is www.hyattearth.com not reused or recycled.D.2.4. The use of harmful substances, including pesti- At Hyatt, we believe that it is a privilege to welcome cides, paints, swimming pool disinfectants, and passionate travelers to our hotels and resorts around the cleaning materials, is minimized; substituted, world. With that privilege, we humbly and enthusiasti- when available, by innocuous products; and all cally embrace our responsibility to protect and renew the chemical use is properly managed. places that we call home.D.2.5. The business implements practices to reduce pollution from noise, light, runoff, erosion, Our commitment to protect our planet is backed by the ozone-depleting compounds, and air and soil strength of more than 80,000 associates and dedicated contaminants. Green Teams. Together, we strive to take care of ourD.3. Conserving biodiversity, ecosystems, and environment with the same commitment with which we landscapes care for our guests. We embrace this challenge becauseD.3.1. Wildlife species are only harvested from the wild, we love it here too. consumed, displayed, sold, or internationally traded, as part of a regulated activity that ensures that their utilization is sustainable. 12
  13. 13. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010Our global sustainability program, Hyatt Earth, has five Kimpton EarthCare®areas of focus, each essential to our success: http://www.kimptonhotels.com/programs/earthcare.aspx• Creating a Culture of Environmental Responsibility Sustaining Our Vision With Conscious Effort• Conserving Natural Resources and Reducing Green- house Gas Emissions Everyone at Kimpton is guided by the same vision. Our• Reducing Waste Kimpton EarthCare® program works because each one• Establishing Responsible Purchasing Practices of us is making critical behavioral changes on a daily• Integrating Sustainable Practices into the Design & basis. We started out recycling trash, phones, batteries, Construction of Our Properties buying organic coffees and teas and serving organic wines at our evening wine hours. That was the easy part.At the end of the day, we realize it’s not what we say Educating our cleaning staff to use green products tookbut what we do that truly matters. That’s why we have an entire year, a water engineer and weekly meetingspassionate people in every hotel that are committed to with EarthCare champions in every hotel and restaurant.making a difference, and have tools in place that track That was the hard part, and we did it in six languages.and measure our progress and hold us accountable to thegoals we set. A Commitment to Sparing the Earth and Our GuestsWe recognize that environmental sustainability is a jour- Our commitment to the environment requires both enor-ney and not a short-term endeavor. Achieving measur- mous dedication and some real ingenuity. Long beforeable results requires a conscious effort and a healthy mix green was golden, we were giving our guests a luxuri-of focus, innovation, commitment and optimism. And ous experience, while reducing our carbon footprint.while we are proud of our accomplishments, we realize We’ve been able to get better and better at it, withoutthat there is still much work to be done. asking our guests to sacrifice the comfort and enjoyment they’ve come to expect from our hotels and restaurants.Hyatt’s ECO Tracking tool monitors and measures our We’re doing the right thing, without making our guestsenvironmental impact and helps us identify opportuni- pay for it.ties for improvement. The results keep us focused on ourlong-term goals to reduce resource consumption, waste Hotel EarthCare Standardsand carbon emissions, and drive us to find new ways toconserve and protect our natural resources. Paper • All hotel in-room materials and bills are printed onGoal & Achievement Categories: recycled post consumer copy paper (EPA minimum• Energy or greater)• Greenhouse Gas Emissions • All centralized printers set to double-sided default• Water printing, where duplex printing is available• Waste • Phone book “by-request” policy implemented, elimi-• Responsible Purchasing nating phone books from all guest rooms• Sustainable Building Design • Check out envelopes offered by request only 13
  14. 14. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010Water • Providing washable/reusable mugs and glasses in• Implementation of water-efficient shower heads back of house break rooms• Implementation of water-efficient faucets • Eliminating any use of Styrofoam cups• Implementation of water-efficient toilets • Towel reuse option encouraged through signage and eco-benefit explanationAbove water efficient products are audited to ensure • Linen reuse option encouraged through signage andwater efficient apparatus and products remain in place eco-benefit explanationand functioning • Recycling uniform and dry cleaning coat hangers back to dry cleaning companyEnergy • Recycling ink and toner cartridges• Implementation of energy efficient T8 and/or T5 • Eco friendly hair dryer bags, where hair dryer bags fluorescent lighting in back of house areas are in use• Implementation of motion sensors in low occupancy • Honor bar bottled water program—water exclusively storage areas US sourced• Implementation of LED lights on all exit signs • Recycling bins in place at business centers, meeting• Check-in policy: maximum of one light and radio rooms, and fitness centers (newspaper and bottled on only water recycling)• All guest rooms have CFL lighting (not available in • Recycling boxes/bins at all employee work stations hotels using dimmable/3-way bulbs) • Toilet paper wraps replaced with stickers (such as• Hallway lighting 100% energy efficient lighting— Palomar “P”) or twine wrap CFLs and/or LEDs (where dimmable lights are not • C-Fold towels made with recycled content for public in use) and employee restrooms (where C-Folds are used)Waste Management Toxics• In-room recycling bins (First boutique hotel group to • Guest room soaps use natural ingredients and come include these bins) from environmentally responsible companies• Hotel-wide recycling of cardboard • Guest room shampoos use natural ingredients and• Hotel-wide recycling of paper come from environmentally responsible companies• Hotel-wide recycling of glass (where municipal ser- • Guest room conditioners use natural ingredients and vices available) come from environmentally responsible companies• Hotel-wide recycling of cans (where municipal ser- • Low/No VOC Paints for back of house areas vices available) • Carpet cleaning uses non-toxic and low VOC• Hotel-wide recycling of plastic (where municipal chemicals services available) • Spot carpet cleaning uses non-toxic product• Recycling of batteries • Break room napkins are unbleached and/or made• Recycling of cell phones with recycled content• Recycling of computers and peripherals• Recycling of in-room electronics televisions, DVDs, Organic Products and radios • Use of organic and/or shade grown coffee where• Donating partially-used shampoos and conditioners complimentary lobby coffee is available to local charities • Use of organic teas where complimentary lobby tea• Donating used linens and towels to local charities service is available and/or businesses • Organic wine served during select months during• Providing washable/reusable mugs during morning Kimpton’s complimentary wine hours coffee service • Organic food products in every honor bar 14
  15. 15. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010• Organic beverage product in every honor bar global conservation organization. In addition to rainfor-• All in-room coffee is organic (where in-room coffee est preservation, Marriott’s strategy calls for reduction is available) of water, waste and energy consumption; greening its supply chain; building greener hotels; and engagingMarriott Spirit to Preserve™ employees and guests to take action.http://www.marriott.com/marriott.mi?page=environmentalInitiatives Water, Waste & Energy ReductionMarriott’s environmental vision is to be the global To reduce its environmental footprint, Marriott is com-hospitality leader that demonstrates how responsible mitted to:hospitality management can be a positive force for theenvironment and create economic opportunities around • Reducing its fuel and water consumption by an ad-the world, and by example, inspire personal action in the ditional 25 percent per available room over the nextcommunities where the company operates. 10 years. • Installing solar power at up to 40 hotels by 2017.Protecting the Rainforest: The Centerpiece of Marriott’s • Expanding existing “reduce, reuse, recycle” pro-Five-Point Environmental Strategy grams already in place in 90 percent of hotels to consistently include guest and meeting rooms, begin-Clearing forests causes more carbon emissions than all ning with pilot hotels across all brands in Boston,the world’s cars, trains, trucks and SUVs combined. Chicago, Denver, Los Angeles, Minneapolis andThat’s why the centerpiece of Marriott International’s Washington, D.C.environmental strategy is helping protect 1.4 millionacres (589,000 hectares) of endangered rainforest in the For more than 20 years, Marriott has been actively in-Juma Sustainable Development Reserve in partnership volved in energy conservation. Over the last decade, itswith the state of Amazonas in Brazil. hotels worldwide have replaced 450,000 light bulbs with fluorescent lighting, introduced linen reuse programs,Through this pioneering effort, Marriott and its custom- and installed 400,000 low-flow showerheads and toilets.ers are funding an environmental management plan The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has awardedadministered by the Amazonas Sustainable Foundation, Marriott with its 2009 Sustained Excellence award andwhich will monitor and enforce protection of the Juma placed the ENERGY STAR® label on more than 275 ofreserve. The project will support the employment, edu- its hotels (the most of any hotel company).cation and healthcare for the approximately 2,500 peoplewho live there. TÜV SÜD, an independent accredited Greening Our Supply Chainenvironmental auditing firm, has validated the project,awarding it “gold status” under the Carbon, Community Each year, Marriott International and its owners spendand Biodiversity Standards. about $10 billion annually buying products and services for its more than 3,300 hotels around the world. Rec-Marriott has committed $2 million to this rainforest ognizing this purchasing power, we’ve teamed up withfund, and now we’re inviting guests to green their hotel our vendors to introduce these “greener” solutions at nostay by making contributions. To learn more about extra cost:this program or make a donation, visit Help Save theRainforest. Greener key cards. Marriott has “unlocked” the door to a greener hotel stay by purchasing 24 million key cardsMarriott’s five-point environmental strategy was devel- made of 50 percent recycled material, saving 66 tons ofoped in collaboration with Conservation International, a plastic from being dumped in the landfill. 15
  16. 16. Arlington Economic DEvElopmEnt, rEsEArch pApEr JunE 2010Eco-pillows. Guests can sleep easy knowing that their In addition, Marriott’s global Headquarters in Bethesda,pillows are “fighting” to save the planet. Marriott will Md., earned LEED-Existing Building Gold status. Inbegin replacing the 100,000 synthetic pillows that it 2009, the recycling rate increased to 69 percent and allpurchases with those filled with material made from headerquarters’ waste was diverted from the landfillrecycled bottles. to a waste-to-energy plant. Additionally, the building achieved and maintained an Energy Star rating of 77Earth-friendly towels. Thanks to a unique manufactur- (out of 100; a score of 75 or better indicates top perfor-ing process, the one million towels Marriott purchases in mance) for the last three years, placing it in the top 25thNorth America don’t need to be pre-washed, saving six percentile for energy efficiency when compared to build-million gallons of water. ings of similar age, size and use and an accumulated reduction of 9.04 percent in electricity consumption.Recycled pens. The 47 million pens that Marriott pur- View a complete list of accomplishments.chases for its guest and meeting rooms in the U.S. andCanada are made of 75% recycled material. Also, Marriott Headquarters has become the first site in the D.C. area to introduce Connect by Hertz. FourLow VOC Paint. Marriott buys nearly one million SmartWay cars are available for employees who usegallons of paint that are low in Volatile Organic Com- public transportation or carpool, but need to run an er-pounds (VOC), which are safer and less polluting. rand or attend an off-site meeting mid-day.Biodegradable laundry bags. In the Middle East and Employee & Guest EngagementEurope, more than 100 hotels purchase 43 tons of bio-degradable plastic bags which disintegrate in two to five By educating and engaging its employees and guests toyears, if not recycled and reused first. support the environment through their everyday actions at home, while at work and on travel, Marriott can haveLaundry detergent. At our hotels in Central Europe, a lasting impact. Just think about the opportunities to getwe use a laundry detergent that cuts the amount of the message out: 300,000 employees at 3,000 managedphosphates released into waste water by approximately and franchised hotels worldwide, not to mention the mil-100,000 kg (220,000 lbs.). lions of guests who visit our hotels each year.Green Buildings Most notably, Marriott is inviting guests to join in its ef- forts to help combat climate change. Guests can “GreenMarriott is expanding its portfolio of “green” hotels and Their Hotel Stay” and offset their carbon footprint bybuildings. Approximately 275 hotels have earned the making a donation to a rainforest preservation fund, toprestigious ENERGY STAR® label from the U.S. En- which the company has already committed $2 million.vironmental Protection Agency—the most of any hotel To learn more, visit Help Save the Rainforest.company. Last year, Marriott launched the Spirit to Preserve theForty Marriott-branded hotels in design, development Rainforest promotion. For meetings or stays of 10or under construction are expected to achieve LEED® rooms or more booked during select dates, participating(Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Marriott hotels around the world will contribute fundscertification from the U.S. Green Building Council equal to five percent of the total cost of the group’s guest(USGBC). More than a dozen are joining The Mar- rooms to protect the rainforest.riott Inn & Conference Center, University of MarylandUniversity College, the first LEED-certified hotel inthe U.S., this year. 16

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