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How to Use a Digital Camera


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A basic description of how to use a digital camera. Designed for use with students 8 - 10 years old.

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How to Use a Digital Camera

  1. 1. How to Use a Digital Camera At Matatoki School
  2. 2. Explore the Camera <ul><li>Find out how to: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Turn it on or off </li></ul><ul><li>2. Play pictures back you have taken </li></ul><ul><li>3. Delete pictures you don’t want </li></ul><ul><li>4. Change the picture effect </li></ul><ul><li>5. Take a picture in the dark </li></ul><ul><li>6. Change the brightness </li></ul><ul><li>7. Zoom in and out </li></ul><ul><li>8. Put in and eject a disk if you need to </li></ul>
  3. 3. Special Effects 1 <ul><li>Press PICTURE EFFECT to choose the special effect. </li></ul><ul><li>Your camera may have some of these: </li></ul><ul><li>PASTEL: Emphasize contrast and gives picture animation-like colors. </li></ul><ul><li>NEG. ART: The colour and brightness of the picture is reversed. </li></ul><ul><li>SEPIA: The picture is sepia. B&W: The picture is monochrome (black and white) </li></ul>
  4. 4. AE (Automatic Exposure) <ul><li>This helps you when you are trying to photograph something special. </li></ul><ul><li>Soft Portrait mode: Creates a soft background for subjects such as people or flowers, and faithfully reproduces skin colour. </li></ul><ul><li>Sports Lesson mode: For recording fast-moving subjects such as in tennis or golf games. </li></ul><ul><li>Beach & Ski mode: For people or faces in strong light or reflected light, such as at a beach in midsummer or on a ski slope. </li></ul><ul><li>Sunset & Moon mode: For recording subjects in dark environments such as sunsets, fireworks, neon signs, or general night views. </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape mode: For distant subjects such as mountains or when recording a subject behind an obstacle such as a window or screen. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Troubleshooting <ul><li>When things go wrong: </li></ul><ul><li>The camera does not work </li></ul><ul><li>Check the battery – is it in. Does it need charging? </li></ul><ul><li>2. You cannot record images. </li></ul><ul><li>Check if the disk is full. You may need to change the disk. </li></ul><ul><li>3. The picture is out of focus . </li></ul><ul><li>Try adjusting the zoom. </li></ul><ul><li>4. The picture is too dark or light. </li></ul><ul><li>Try adjusting the brightness or use the flash. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Setting Your Camera Any model 1-2 Megapixels > 3 Megapixels Camera 400 x 300 pixels 800 x 600 pixels 2000 x 1500 pixels Pixel size 5 cm x 4 cm 10 cm x 8 cm 25 cm x 20 cm (A4 +) Image size < 100 K (School Mavica) 100 K to 1 MB <ul><li>1 MB </li></ul><ul><li>(School Kodak) </li></ul>File size Minimum quality Mid range quality Best quality Setting For Web For Email For Printing
  7. 7. Close Up Shots
  8. 8. Medium and Long Shots
  9. 9. Special Shots 1
  10. 10. Special Shots 2
  11. 11. Three Basic Shots <ul><li>Wide shot (also known as Establishing Shot or Long Shot (LS) ) This shows the whole scene. </li></ul><ul><li>Medium Shot (MS) This shot shows less of a scene than the wide shot. The camera seems closer to the subject. With people this shot would show them from about the waist up. </li></ul><ul><li>Close Up Shot (CU) This shot shows an even smaller part of the subject or scene. It's great for showing detail, like a person's face or individual leaves on a tree. If it was a person, this shot would show the person from the top of the chest or shoulders up. An Extreme Close Up Shot (XCU) is even closer than a Close Up. For example, it is just of the person's eyes, or of a bug gnawing on a leaf. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Special Shots Perspective <ul><li>Perspective shows how things get smaller as they go further away. </li></ul>
  13. 13. RULE OF THIRDS <ul><li>In your mind draw a grid on the viewfinder THREE ROWS ACROSS AND THREE ROWS DOWN - use the noughts and crosses grid to line up your pictures. </li></ul><ul><li>W hen you are shooting people put their eyes at the top 1/3 line </li></ul><ul><li>When you are shooting l andscapes with a wide shot – put the horizon line on either the top 1/3 line or the bottom 1/3 line </li></ul>BTM 1/3 R BTM 1/3 C BTM 1/3 L C 1/3 R C 1/3 C C 1/3 L top 1/3 R top 1/3 C top 1/3 L
  14. 14. Tripods <ul><li>You may wish to use a tripod if you need to keep your picture steady or keep it level. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Looking After the Camera <ul><li>What are some things you need to do to look after the camera? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Saving Your Pictures <ul><li>Go to Room 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Make a folder with your name on it e.g. Robert’s Pictures 05 </li></ul><ul><li>Save the pictures in your folder. </li></ul><ul><li>Give each picture a name e.g. Rhys and Phillip 05 </li></ul><ul><li>Ask before you print. </li></ul>