Ozone Data Activity


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Ozone Data Activity

  1. 1. "The sky is falling?” Name: _____________ Date: ________ Period: _____ Abstract: The ozone layer has been a major concern in the last half of the 20th century. This ac- tivity is designed to serve as a way for you to interact with the latest real-time ozone data on the web. The lesson will access data from the TOMS webpage (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer; a satellite instrument used to measure ozone levels) to study real-time local and global ozone amounts, and variations. Outcomes: By the end of the activity, you should be able to: -explain and find how much ozone is above their heads at any given date - explain and find how much ozone is above any point on earth at any given date - explain how ozone amounts change locally and globally - recall the satellites used to measure ozone data - independently research ozone data on the web - critically analyze TOMS ozone data to determine if ozone depletion really exists Preface: What is my latitude and longitude? DIRECTIONS: Read each instruction carefully -Before we begin this activity, it is important to know the latitude and longitude of where you live. If you know your latitude and longitude in degrees, write it in the boxes below. If you don’t know it, use an atlas. Latitude: ....... Longitude: If you don’t know your latitude / longitude, or to be more precise, try...
  2. 2. Step 1- Go to http://www.mit.edu:8001/geo Step 2- Enter the name of your town Step 3- Enter your latitude and longitude in degrees above. SECTION 1: How much ozone is above my head? DIRECTIONS: Read each instruction carefully -Between your head and outer space is a layer of gas called ozone. As you have already learned, ozone protects you from harmful sun rays. 1. If you were able to take a giant net and collect all the ozone that is DIRECTLY above your head, how thick would the layer of gas be? Take a guess... Make sure your answer is metric! ___________________ 2. Convert your answer to #1 in mm, and multiply by 100 _________________ -You just converted your answer to DOBSON UNITS (DU)! -A Dobson Unit is defined as a .01mm layer of ozone at 0C and 1atm pressure. (Simply put, it is how big the ozone layer would be at the surface and 32°F). To better explain Dobson Unit, consider the following graph:
  3. 3. Courtesy: NASA-GSFC http://jwocky.gsfc.nasa.gov/dobson.html 3. Practice converting between DU and mm of ozone at 1atm/0°C (a) If I had 20mm-worth of ozone above my head, what is that in DU? ______DU (b) How thick in km would 5000 DU of ozone be? __________________km 4. FIND OUT HOW MUCH OZONE WAS ABOVE YOUR HEAD YESTERDAY: Step 1- Go to http://jwocky.gsfc.nasa.gov/teacher/ozone_overhead.html Step 2- Enter YESTERDAY’S date Step 3- Enter the latitude and longitude. (NOTE: You must enter NEGATIVE numbers for SOUTHERN latitudes and WESTERN longitudes) Step 4- Press “Submit” and write the answer below.
  4. 4. _______________________ DU 5.With a ruler below, draw the thickness of the ozone over your head yesterday. 6a. How close were you to your original guess in question #1? ____________ DU b.Why do you think they were different, and are you surprised? SECTION 2: How does ozone change above your head? DIRECTIONS: Read each instruction carefully. -Ozone amounts are not stable, they change! 7a. Guess how long it takes for ozone amounts to change about 5 DU. b. Guess the change in amount of DU in one year above your head. (Simply guess what the low- est amount would be, and subtract that from the highest amount). ___________ DU 8. Let’s find out exactly how ozone changes above your head. Use the website given in question 4 to complete the table below. (The ozone amount for yesterday is simply your answer for ques- tion 5.) DATE Ozone Amount Change from yesterday (DU) Yesterday ( ..../..../.... ) 2 days ago ( ..../..../.... )
  5. 5. 3 days ago ( ..../..../.... ) Last week ( ..../..../.... ) Last month ( ..../..../.... ) 2 mths ago ( ..../..../.... ) 3 mths ago ( ..../..../.... ) 6 mths ago ( ..../..../.... ) 9 mths ago ( ..../..../.... ) 1 year ago ( ..../..../.... ) 9a. Does ozone change more or less frequently than you thought in question 7? b.Is the ozone change more or less severe than your guess in question 7? 10a. Although we have a rough idea of how ozone changes above your head, why is the chart above probably not the best way of finding the highest and lowest ozone values within the past year? b. What would a scientist have to do to figure out the real range of ozone values within the last year? SECTION 3: How do we get ozone data? DIRECTIONS: Read each instruction carefully
  6. 6. Step 1- Go to http://jwocky.gsfc.nasa.gov/fltmodel/spacecr.html Step 2- Read about the satellites (and look at their pictures) to an- swer the questions 11. What satellites gave us these pictures of the ozone layer, AND what years did they sup- ply data? Fill in the chart below. Satellite Years Operational 12.Which satellite gave you the ozone information from yesterday? 13.How high is this satellite’s orbit today? __________________ 14. How long does it take this satellite to orbit the Earth? ____________ 15. What was unique about how the satellite from July 1996 was launched? SECTION 4- Ozone changes all over the world--The ozone hole DIRECTIONS: Read each instruction carefully
  7. 7. -Every part of the globe has different amounts of ozone above it. -By the mid 1980’s, ozone amounts over Antarctica were so low, that scientists called it the “ozone hole”. Step 1- Go to http://jwocky.gsfc.nasa.gov/multi/multim.html Step 2- Find the most recent ozone hole animation (Antarctica). Step 3- Watch the animation (replay it if you need to) and answer these questions. NOTE: The black spaces are missing data, not a lack of ozone!! 16. What dates does the ozone hole seem its biggest and worst? _____________ 17a. What appears to be the lowest ozone value given (roughly)? __________DU b. How thick would this layer be at surface pressure? ________mm c. Use a ruler to draw that thickness in the space below... 18. Where is the lowest value on the last date of the animation?_______________ Step 1- Note the last date, and approximate the latitude and longitude in degrees of the area you found in question 18. (HINT: If you need help with the latitude and longitude values, you can “cheat” by using http://jwocky.gsfc.nasa.gov/teacher/latlon.html ) Step 2- Go to http://jwocky.gsfc.nasa.gov/teacher/ozone_overhead.html Step 3- Enter the latitude, longitude and date to find out the EXACT lowest ozone value.
  8. 8. 19. What is the exact ozone value? ______________DU Step 1- Go back to http://jwocky.gsfc.nasa.gov/eptoms/ep.html Step 2- Find the most recent Northern Hemisphere low ozone animation and play it. 20a. Is the low ozone over the North Pole worse than the South Pole? ____ b. Is the low ozone over either pole MORE than the low ozone over your head? c. How do you know for sure?