Did someone say "Free Beer"?


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  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/timusan/803492184/
  • http://catalogue.nla.gov.au/
  • http://library.plymouth.edu/first-year-seminar/searching-lola
  • blog links: http://www.daveyp.com/blog/index.php/archives/49/
  • Did someone say "Free Beer"?

    1. 1. Did someone say “Free Beer”?! Dave Pattern, Library Systems Manager University of Huddersfield [email_address]
    2. 2. Preamble <ul><li>Presentation available at: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.slideshare.net/daveyp/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Please remix and reuse this presentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have you remembered to switch your phone on? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>please feel free take photos, record audio, blog, tweet (@daveyp), etc </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Contents <ul><li>Free beer, free kittens and free speech </li></ul><ul><li>Freeconomics </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source and Me </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source in Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Web Services and APIs </li></ul><ul><li>Usage Data -> Open Data </li></ul>
    4. 4. free beer
    5. 5. www.flickr.com/photos/chiefmoamba/59994463/
    6. 6. www.flickr.com/photos/42934556@N00/245866252/
    7. 7. www.flickr.com/photos/timusan/803492184/
    8. 8. Free beer <ul><li>Open Source software is usually free to download </li></ul>
    9. 9. free kittens Warning: the following slides contain images of a highly cute nature
    10. 10. www.flickr.com/photos/clevergrrl/218312595/
    11. 11. www.flickr.com/photos/purplemattfish/3163793691/
    12. 12. www.flickr.com/photos/merlijnhoek/2841785343/
    13. 13. www.flickr.com/photos/merlijnhoek/2789604490/
    14. 14. www.flickr.com/photos/artolog/2473548737/
    15. 15. www.flickr.com/photos/geoftheref/3227445097/
    16. 16. http://www.flickr.com/photos/onefromrome/526057954/
    17. 17. www.flickr.com/photos/alasam/2463625340/
    18. 18. Free kittens <ul><li>It might be free to download, but there’s no such thing as a “free lunch” ;-) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>p.s. thanks to PTFS for the free lunch </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You’ll need hardware to run the Open Source software on </li></ul><ul><li>You’ll need to spend time maintaining it, supporting it, upgrading it, developing it, etc </li></ul><ul><li>You’ll need to bribe the IT Dept with cakes </li></ul>
    19. 19. free speech
    20. 20. www.flickr.com/photos/jurvetson/384398069/
    21. 21. www.flickr.com/photos/ifovea/3500343296/
    22. 22. www.flickr.com/photos/squishy/2955317957/
    23. 23. Free speech <ul><li>“Free software is a matter of liberty, not price… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>freedom to run the software for any purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>freedom to study how the software works, and adapt it to your needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>freedom to redistribute copies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>freedom to improve the software, and to release your improvements, so that the whole community benefits” </li></ul></ul>www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html
    24. 24. freeconomics
    25. 25. A Tale of 2 (Capa)cities <ul><li>IBM Deskstar </li></ul><ul><li>June 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>£125 </li></ul><ul><li>20GB </li></ul><ul><li>£6.25 per GB </li></ul><ul><li>£6,250 per TB </li></ul><ul><li>Hitachi Deskstar </li></ul><ul><li>July 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>£95 </li></ul><ul><li>1000GB (1TB) </li></ul><ul><li>10p per GB </li></ul><ul><li>£95 per TB </li></ul>
    26. 26. A Tale of 3 (Capa)cities <ul><li>IBM Deskstar </li></ul><ul><li>June 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>£125 </li></ul><ul><li>20GB </li></ul><ul><li>£6.25 per GB </li></ul><ul><li>£6,250 per TB </li></ul><ul><li>Seagate Barracuda </li></ul><ul><li>June 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>£97.50 </li></ul><ul><li>1500GB (1.5TB) </li></ul><ul><li>6 ½p per GB </li></ul><ul><li>£65 per TB </li></ul><ul><li>Hitachi Deskstar </li></ul><ul><li>July 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>£95 </li></ul><ul><li>1000GB (1TB) </li></ul><ul><li>10p per GB </li></ul><ul><li>£95 per TB </li></ul>What will the price per GB/TB be next year? How about in 5 years?
    27. 27. Can you spot the trend? ;-)
    28. 28. Free: The Future of a Radical Price <ul><li>“ In the future, [Anderson] argues, when we talk of the ‘money economy’ we will talk of the ‘ reputation economy’ and the ‘ time economy’ in the same breath.” </li></ul>
    29. 29. Open Source and Me
    30. 30. Software that I use regularly… <ul><li>Perl (GNU General Public License) </li></ul><ul><li>Firefox (GNU General Public License) </li></ul><ul><li>MySQL (GNU General Public License) </li></ul><ul><li>Apache (Apache Licence) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mod_perl </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lucene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solr </li></ul></ul>
    31. 31. http://www.cpan.org/
    32. 32. http://cpan.uwinnipeg.ca/dist/Business-ISBN
    33. 33. http://cpan.uwinnipeg.ca/dist/MARC-Record
    34. 34. Open Source in Libraries
    35. 35. Next Gen Catalogues <ul><li>VuFind </li></ul><ul><li>Scriblio (formerly WPopac) </li></ul><ul><li>Project Blacklight </li></ul><ul><li>eXtensible Catalog (XC) Project </li></ul><ul><li>fac-back-opac </li></ul><ul><li>The Social OPAC 2.0 </li></ul>
    36. 36. VuFind http://catalogue.nla.gov.au/
    37. 37. Scriblio
    38. 38. More “free” software <ul><li>ERMes Electronic Resource Management (ERM) Software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Wisconsin-La Crosse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ free”, but requires Microsoft Access </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meeting Room Booking System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GNU GPL </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MarcEdit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not Open Source, but free to download/use </li></ul></ul>
    39. 39. Web Services and APIs
    40. 40. What can you get for free? <ul><li>LibraryThing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>thingISBN , a million book covers , thingTitle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Talis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talis Platform </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OCLC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>xISBN and xISSN (limit on the # of requests) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amazon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amazon Associates Web Service </li></ul></ul>
    41. 41. Usage Data
    42. 42. Keyword cloud
    43. 43. Keyword suggestions (2)
    44. 44. Borrowing suggestions
    45. 45. Personalised suggestions
    46. 46. E-journal data (alpha)
    47. 47. Keyword cloud Average number of clicks per month
    48. 48. Borrowing profile Average book loans per month (2002-2008)
    49. 49. Borrowing suggestions Average number of clicks per month
    50. 50. Borrowing range profile Number of unique titles (bib#) borrowed per calendar year recommendation features added to OPAC at start of 2006
    51. 51. Books per active borrower Average number of books borrowed per active borrower per calendar year
    52. 52. Open Data … or “if you love something, set it free”
    53. 54. Linked data <ul><li>“ There are data in every aspect of our lives, every aspect of work and pleasure, and it's not just about the number of places where data comes, it's about connecting it together. And when you connect data together, you get power in a way that doesn't happen just with the web, with documents. You get this really huge power out of it. So, we're at the stage now where we have to do this.” - Sir Tim Berners-Lee (TED Conference, 2009) http://tinyurl.com/bxua4r </li></ul>
    54. 55. Copyleft <ul><li>“ Copyleft is a play on the word copyright to describe the practice of using copyright law to remove restrictions on distributing copies and modified versions of a work for others and requiring that the same freedoms be preserved in modified versions.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creative Commons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GNU General Public License </li></ul></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyleft
    55. 56. No strings attached <ul><li>CC0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“…a legal tool for waiving as many rights as legally possible, worldwide” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open Data Commons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“…a philosophy and practice requiring that certain data are freely available to everyone, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control” </li></ul></ul>http://wiki.creativecommons.org/CC0 http://www.opendatacommons.org
    56. 57. Huddersfield’s data release <ul><li>Prompted by the JISC Tile Project </li></ul><ul><li>http://library.hud.ac.uk/usagedata/ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>aggregated data for 2 million circulation transactions, covering around 80,000 titles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recommendation data for over 37,000 titles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>simple XML format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Data Commons / CC0 licence </li></ul></ul>
    57. 58. Usage data release <ul><li>Released on 12 th Dec </li></ul><ul><ul><li>converted to RDF by Patrick Murray-John at University of Mary Washington 2 days later! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Talis podcast at http://bit.ly/z6yjF </li></ul></ul>
    58. 59. What next? <ul><li>What other usage data is out there? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reading lists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OpenURL resolvers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What are the barriers to releasing/sharing data… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>technical, logistical, moral, political, institutional, privacy …? </li></ul></ul>
    59. 60. What next? <ul><li>What are the benefits… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>better business intelligence for librarians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>creation of innovative new services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>enrichment of existing services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>end-user empowerment & personalisation …? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>JISC Mosaic Project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- watch this space! </li></ul></ul>
    60. 61. Thank you! www.slideshare.net/daveyp/ www.daveyp.com/blog/