MySQL update SCaLE 2012


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Latest MySQL news as presented at SCaLE 2012

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MySQL update SCaLE 2012

  1. 1. <Insert Picture Here>MySQL Technical Update:SCaLE 2012Dave Stokes MySQL Community Manager
  2. 2. Safe Harbor StatementThe following is intended to outline our general productdirection. It is intended for information purposes only,and may not be incorporated into any contract. It is not acommitment to deliver any material, code, orfunctionality, and should not be relied upon in makingpurchasing decisions.The development, release, and timing of any features orfunctionality described for Oracle’s products remains atthe sole discretion of Oracle. 2
  3. 3. Agenda• Oracle’s Strategy and Investment in MySQL• What’s New in MySQL• PHP centric stuff• Other goodies• Q&A 3
  5. 5. Oracle’s Investment in MySQLRapid InnovationMake MySQL a Better MySQL• #1 Open Source Database for Web Applications• “M” in most complete LAMP stack• EmbeddedDevelop, Promote and Support MySQL• Improved engineering, consulting and support• Leverage 24x7, World-Class Oracle SupportMySQL Community Edition• Source and binary releases• GPL license 5
  6. 6. More Product Releases Than Ever Before Oracle Drives MySQL Innovation • MySQL Enterprise Backup 3.6 • MySQL Database 5.5 • Oracle VM Template for MySQL • MySQL Enterprise Backup 3.5 GA • MySQL Database 5.6 • MySQL Enterprise Monitor 2.3 • MySQL Cluster 7.2 • MySQL Cluster Manager 1.1 All GA! DMR* • MySQL Workbench 5.2 and MySQL Labs! GA! (“early and often”)• MySQL Enterprise Monitor 2.2• MySQL Cluster 7.1 A Better MySQL• MySQL Cluster Manager 1.0 All GA! *Development Milestone Release Q2 CY2010 Q3 CY2010 Q4 CY2010 Q1 CY2011 Q2-3 CY2011 6
  7. 7. MySQL: Open Source (GPL)Available to download and use under the GPL:• MySQL Database (Community Server)• MySQL Cluster• MySQL Workbench Community Edition• MySQL Utilities (in Python)• MySQL Connectors• MySQL Proxy• Documentation (free to use, not covered under GPL)• Forums Set your ambitions high! 7
  8. 8. Industry Leading Customers Web OEM / ISV’s SaaS, Cloud Telecommunications Enterprise 2.0 Rely on MySQL 8
  9. 9. Tough Questions…performance issues? …servers down?…expensive, slow queries? …security policies, change?Where/When/How to Tune? …Developers productive?…Replication synch issues? ..version of MySQL to run?…will systems scale? …can I recover? …managing Oracle and MySQL databases? 9
  10. 10. MySQL Enterprise EditionMost secure, scalable MySQL Database, Online Backup,Development/Monitoring Tools, backed by Oracle PremierLifetime Support Oracle Product Oracle Premier Certifications Support MySQL Enterprise MySQL Enterprise Backup Monitor/Query Analyzer MySQL Enterprise MySQL Enterprise Security Scalability MySQL Enterprise High Availability MySQL Workbench 10
  11. 11. MySQL Database Performance, Reliability, Ease of Use Support for common development languages/platformsEfficient multi-threaded sessionhandlingFull DML, DDLparsing, costbased optimizer,caching of queriesand result setsFlexible StorageEngine options forapplicationspecific storageneedsFlexible logging and physical storage options 11
  12. 12. MySQL Database InnoDB - Transactional by Default• Default Storage Engine for MySQL 5.5 and above• ACID-compliant transactions, MVCC• Row-level locking• Two phase commit• Efficient indexing• Fast DDL operations• Table compression• Automatic crash recovery• Referential integrity• Online backup• More 12
  13. 13. MySQL DatabaseSysBench Benchmarks - Linux MySQL 5.5.6 (Default InnoDB) MySQL 5.1.50 (InnoDB Plug-in) MySQL 5.1.50 (InnoDB built-in) 370% performance gain Intel Xeon X7460 x86_64 4 CPU x 6 Cores/CPU 2.66 GHz, 32GB RAM for MySQL 5.5 over 5.1.50; at scale Fedora 10 13
  14. 14. MySQL DatabaseSysBench Benchmarks - Linux MySQL 5.5.6 (Default InnoDB) MySQL 5.1.50 (InnoDB Plug-in) MySQL 5.1.50 (InnoDB built-in) 200% performance gain Intel Xeon X7460 x86_64 4 CPU x 6 Cores/CPU 2.66 GHz, 32GB RAM for MySQL 5.5 over 5.1.50; at scale Fedora 10 14
  15. 15. MySQL DatabaseSysBench Benchmarks - Windows MySQL 5.5.6 (Default InnoDB) MySQL 5.1.50 (InnoDB Plug-in) MySQL 5.1.50 (InnoDB built-in) 540% performance gain Intel x86_64 4 CPU x 2 Cores/CPU 3.166 GHz, 8GB RAM for MySQL 5.5 over 5.1.50; at scale Windows Server 2008 15
  16. 16. MySQL DatabaseSysBench Benchmarks - Windows MySQL 5.5.6 (Default InnoDB) MySQL 5.1.50 (InnoDB Plug-in) MySQL 5.1.50 (InnoDB built-in) 1560% performance gain Intel x86_64 4 CPU x 2 Cores/CPU 3.166 GHz, 8GB RAM for MySQL 5.5 over 5.1.50; at scale Windows Server 2008 16
  17. 17. MySQL Database High Availability with MySQL Replication 17Copyright 2011 Oracle Corporation 17
  18. 18. MySQL DatabaseReplication Internals MySQL Master MySQL Slave mysqld mysqldupdates updates I/O Threadselects Replication relay binlog SQL Thread data index & binlogs binlog data 18
  19. 19. MySQL DatabaseReplication Enables Scalability Application Load Balancer Writes & Reads Reads Reads MySQL Replication • Write to one master • Read from many slaves, easily add more as needed • Perfect for read/write intensive apps 19
  20. 20. MySQL 5.6: A Better MySQL New!• MySQL 5.6 builds on MySQL 5.5 by improving: • Optimizer for better Performance, Scalability • Performance Schema for better instrumentation • InnoDB for better transactional throughput • Replication for higher availability, data integrity • “NotOnlySQL” options for better flexibility Try it now: 20
  21. 21. MySQL Enterprise Security New!MySQL External Authentication• PAM (Pluggable Authentication Modules) • Access external authentication methods • Standard interface (Unix, LDAP, others) • proxied and non-proxied users• Windows • Access native Windows services • Authenticate users already logged into Windows (Windows Active Directory)• Pluggable Authentication APIIntegrates MySQL with existing security infrastructures and SOPs. 21
  22. 22. Windows Authentication Example Connect as 1. MyDomain/joe logs into App environment with Windows login, password Connector Connect asConnect as 2. MyDomainjoe is3. MyDomain/joe logs into authenticated on application, application Windows OS connects to MySQL with user win_joe. Connected Connect as 4. Tokens are checked, win_joe user is authenticated using Windows Authenticate login, password with MySQL specific privs Windows Win OS users, Auth groups, etc CREATE USER win_joe IDENTIFIED WITH authentication_windows AS ‘joe; 22
  23. 23. PAM Authentication Example 1. Joe logs in using App application user name/password. Connector 2. Connector sends the user name/password to the 4. PAM library verifies credentials MySQL server. (using e.g. LDAP or KerberosConnected etc) and returns yes/no answer for delivery to client. 3. User name/password sent to the PAM library, yes/no answer from PAM library PAM returned to client. PAM library and various Authentication backends CREATE USER joe IDENTIFIED WITH authentication_pam AS ‘mysql; 23
  24. 24. MySQL Enterprise Scalability New!MySQL Thread Pool• MySQL default thread-handling – excellent performance, can limit scalability as connections grow• MySQL Thread Pool improves sustained performance/scale as user connections grow• Thread Pool API 24
  25. 25. Default Connection Pool Default Connection Pool Connection 1 Connection 1 Execution Thread Connections /statements Connection 2 Execution Thread Connection 2 assigned to ThreadsUsers/Clients for life • Connections assigned to 1 thread for the life of the connection • Same thread used for all connection statement executions (single threaded) 25
  26. 26. With Thread Pool Enabled Thread Pool (and thread Connection 1 Execution Threads groups) Connection 1 Connection 1 Threads 1 - 4096 Connection 2 Execution Threads Connection 2 Connection 2 Threads 4097 - 8193Users/Clients Connection N Threads 8194 - N• Pool contains configurable number of thread groups (default = 16), each manages up to 4096 re-usable threads• Each connection assigned to thread group via round robin Ensures better, sustained performance as user loads continue to grow. 26
  27. 27. MySQL Enterprise Edition MySQL Enterprise Edition With Thread Pool MySQL Community Server Without Thread Pool MySQL 5.5.16 Oracle Linux 6.1, Unbreakable Kernel 2.6.32 2 sockets, 24 cores, 2 X 12-core Intel(R) Xeon(R) X5670 2.93GHz CPUs20x Better Scalability with Thread Pool 72GB DDR3 RAM 2 X LSI SCSI Disk (MR9261-8i) (597GB) 27
  28. 28. MySQL Enterprise Edition MySQL Enterprise Edition With Thread Pool MySQL Community Server Without Thread Pool MySQL 5.5.16 Oracle Linux 6.1, Unbreakable Kernel 2.6.32 2 sockets, 24 cores, 2 X 12-core Intel(R) Xeon(R) X5670 2.93GHz CPUs3x Better Scalability with Thread Pool 72GB DDR3 RAM 2 X LSI SCSI Disk (MR9261-8i) (597GB) 28
  29. 29. MySQL Enterprise High Availability New! OVM Template for MySQL• Oracle Linux with the Unbreakable Oracle VM Oracle VM Enterprise Kernel Automatic Fault Detection & Recovery• Oracle VM• Oracle VM Manager Secure Live Migration (SSL)• Oracle Cluster File System 2 (OCFS2)• MySQL Database (Enterprise Edition) Oracle VM Server Pool Oracle VM Manager• Pre-Installed & Pre-Configured Oracle VM Servers• Full Integration & QA Testing ocfs2• Single Point of Support** SAN / iSCSI** Technical support for Oracle Linux and Oracle Virtual Machine requiresUnbreakable Linux Network subscription.. 29
  30. 30. MySQL Enterprise High Availability Protecting Against Planned/Unplanned Downtime VM VM VM VM VM X VM VM VM Browser VM Server Pool VM Server Pool SSL Migration HA Auto Restart Oracle VM Manager m m Oracle VM Servers Oracle VM ServersPlanned Events Failures• Maintenance or SAN, iSCSI SAN, iSCSI • Server, VM or upgrades database failure• Secure Live Migration • HA Auto-restart in• Zero interruption pool • Automatic failure Pool Masters assure Secure Migration or detection & recovery HA restarts complete in the event of a Manager outage 30
  31. 31. MySQL Enterprise High Availability Windows Server Failover Clustering New! • Windows Server 2008 R2, MySQL 5.5** • Quorum (3rd vote), data (InnoDB + schema) Slave App App App & binaries (optional) stored in shared storage (testing iSCSI & FCAL) • Failover: • Planned maintenance • MySQL service failure Virtual IP • Connectivity, Host failures • Loss of service = couple of seconds + InnoDB recovery time • App sees temporary loss of connection and reconnects on same IP address • Replication slave recovers automatically • Cluster managed through MS Failover Vote Data Bin Cluster Management snap-in GUI • No new software/scripts required** Technical support for Windows Server Failover Clustering must be sourced from Microsoft. 31
  32. 32. MySQL Enterprise Backup • Online Backup for InnoDB • Full, Incremental, Partial Backups (scriptable interface) • Compression • Point in Time, Full, Partial Recovery options • Metadata on status, progress, history mysqlbackup • Unlimited Database Size • Cross-Platform • Windows, Linux, Unix MEB Backup MySQL Database Files Files • Certified with Oracle Secure BackupEnsures quick, online backup and recovery of your MySQL apps. 32
  33. 33. MySQL Enterprise Monitor• Global view of MySQL environment• Automated, rules-based monitoring and alerts (SMTP, SNMP enabled)• Query capture, monitoring, analysis and tuning, correlated with Monitor graphs• Visual monitoring of “hot” applications and servers• Real-time Replication Monitor with auto-discovery of master- slave topologies• Integrated with MySQL Support A Virtual MySQL Tuning Assistant! 33
  34. 34. MySQL Expert Advisors Administration MySQL Cluster Performance • Monitors and Advises on • Monitors and Advises on Optimal Configuration • Monitors and Advises status/ performance of on Optimal MySQL Cluster Data Performance Variable Nodes. Settings Custom Replication • Built by DBA to • Monitors and Advises on Enforce Organization specific best practices. Master/Slave Latency. Upgrade Security • Monitors and Advises on • Monitors and Advises Bugs/Upgrades that on Unplanned Security affect current installation Changes/Loopholes Schema Memory Usage • Monitors and Advises • Monitors and advises on Unplanned Schema on optimal Change memory/cache settings 140+ Rules, 40+ MySQL, OS specific GraphsSave you time writing, deploying, versioning, maintaining customscripts. Find problems and tuning opportunities you cannot find yourself. 34
  35. 35. MySQL Query Analyzer• Centralized monitoring of queries without Slow Query Log, SHOW PROCESSLIST;• Enabled via MySQL Connectors• Aggregated view of query execution counts, time, and rows• Visual “grab and go” correlation with Monitor graphs• Traces query executions back to source codeSaves you time parsing atomicexecutions from logs. Findsproblems you cannot find yourself. 35
  36. 36. Query Execution Drill Downs Example query exec with variable substitution Trace query exec back to source code Full exec EXPLAIN 36
  37. 37. Automated Replication Monitor• Auto-detects, groups/maintains Master/Slave topologies• Consolidated, real time status/synch check• Notifications on Synch Issues• Proactive vs reactiveSaves you time monitoring andcollecting replication status/synchdata from MySQL command line. 37
  38. 38. MySQL Enterprise Monitor Integrated with My Oracle Support• Collect MySQL diagnostics and upload to MySQL Support• Track MOS SRs from Enterprise Dashboard 38
  39. 39. MySQL Workbench SEDatabase Design Scripting & Plug-in Support• Visual Design, modeling UI Designed to match VS 2010• Forward/Reverse Engineer Saves you time developing and• Schema validation, Schema doc managing your MySQL apps.SQL Development• SQL Editor - Color Syntax Highlighting• Objects - Import/Export, Browse/Edit• Connections - Wizard, SSH TunnelDatabase Administration• Status, Configuration, Start/Stop• Users, Security, Sessions• Import/Export Dump Files 39
  40. 40. MySQL Enterprise Edition New!Enables you to manage your Oracle and MySQL databases withOracle tools/solutions you are already using. Oracle Product Oracle Premier Support Certifications MySQL Enterprise MySQL Enterprise Backup Monitor/Query Analyzer MySQL Enterprise MySQL Enterprise Security Scalability MySQL Enterprise High Availability MySQL Workbench 40
  41. 41. MySQL Enterprise Oracle Certifications New!• WebLogic Server• Database Adapter for Oracle SOA Suite **• Oracle Business Process Management **• Oracle Virtual Directory• Oracle Data Integrator• Oracle Enterprise Performance Management **• Oracle Identity Analytics• Open SSO STS, Open SSO Fedlet• All ship with MySQL 5.x JDBC driver• ** MySQL as a Metadata Repository option (in progress) 41
  42. 42. MySQL Enterprise Oracle Certifications New! • Oracle Linux • Oracle VM • Oracle VM Template for MySQL EE • Oracle GoldenGate • Oracle Secure Backup • My Oracle Online SupportEnables you to manage your Oracle andMySQL databases with Oracle tools/solutionsyou are already using. 42
  43. 43. Oracle Premier Support for MySQL• 24 X 7 Problem Resolution Services• Unlimited Support Incidents• Knowledge Base• Maintenance Releases, Bug fixes, Patches, Updates• MySQL Consultative Support• Staffed by experienced, seasoned MySQL Engineers 43
  44. 44. Tough Questions, Real Solutions…performance issues? …servers down?• MySQL Enterprise Scalability • Oracle Premier 7x24 Support• MySQL Enterprise Monitor, Advisors, Query Analyzer • MySQL Enterprise Monitor, Advisors• MySQL Consultative Support • MySQL Enterprise High Availability…expensive, slow queries? …security policies, change?• MySQL Enterprise Monitor, Query Analyzer • MySQL External AuthenticationWhere/When/How to Tune? • MySQL Enterprise Monitor, Security Advisor• MySQL Enterprise Monitor, Advisors, Query Analyzer …Developers productive?• MySQL Consultative Support • MySQL Workbench SE • MySQL Enterprise Monitor, Query Analyzer…Replication synch issues?• MySQL Enterprise Monitor, Replication Monitor ..version of MySQL to run?• Oracle Premier 7x24 Support • Oracle Premier 7x24 Support…will systems scale? …can I recover?• MySQL Enterprise Scalability • MySQL Enterprise Backup• MySQL Enterprise Monitor, Advisors, Query Analyzer• MySQL Consultative Support …managing Oracle and MySQL databases? • Oracle Product Certifications 44
  45. 45. And Now for the esoteric stuff 45
  46. 46. Mysqlnd - MySQL native driver for PHP• Non-blocking, asynchronous queries• 150+ performance statistics• Since 5.3 used for Windows, default as of 5.4Free PECL drop-in solutions for all PHP MySQL extensions:•mysqlnd_ms - replication and load balancing support *new*•mysqlnd_qc - client-side query cache (TTL) mysqlnd_uh - swiss-army-knife to hack mysqlnd with PHPBetter licensing, easier to build and distribute 46
  47. 47. 47
  48. 48. MySQL 5.6 – Milestone releases These binaries were created by MySQLBinlog API, Binlog Group testing servers.. Commit, Global They are provided solely for testing Transactions Ids, purposes, to try the latest bug fixes and generally to keep up with the InnoDB Features, development. InnoDB FTS, Please, DO NOT USE THESE InnoDB/Memachced, BINARIES IN PRODUCTION. Instead, install them on a spare Performance Schema server. If you are looking for production ready binaries, please visit MySQLCluster 7.2 with Downloads. MySQL Software is provided under Memcached the GPL License 48
  49. 49. Optimizer Tracing – Beyond EXPLAINSET optimizer_trace="enabled=on";SELECT Name FROM City WHERE ID=999;SELECT trace into dumpfile /tmp/foo FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.OPTIMIZ ER_TRACE;Provides details of optimizer steps in a JSON format. You can then tune 49
  50. 50. Additional• MySQL Products and Editions• TCO calculator• White Papers• Customer use cases and success• Downloads•• Download and evaluate all MySQL products 50
  51. 51. MySQL Embedded Online Forum Tuesday, January 31, 2012 9:00AM PST - 12:00 PM PST Think You Know MySQL? Get the Facts. MySQL is even better than you think. According to the experts, it’s easier to use and it’s more capable than most ISVs / OEMs realize, and by taking a few tried-and-tested steps before shipping your MySQL- embedded products, you can lower your product’s costs and increase its performance. Join our expert-created and delivered MySQL Embedded Online Forum to learn: ● Why MySQL is a great embedded database for startups as well as the largest software, hardware, and appliance vendors in the world, and how its features ensure costs remain low throughout an applications life cycle. ● MySQL installation options that require minimal or zero end user effort and how to easily build them into your application ● How to secure MySQL embedded in applications, appliances, and devices ● Tips to simplify your integration with MySQL using the most popular MySQL Connectors and guidance on selecting the settings that will maximize your application’s performance ● Why MySQL delivers excellent performance and how to go beyond the default settings to optimize MySQL’s queries, reporting, and search capabilities Agenda: It Just Works! The Beauty of MySQL as an Embedded Database Building MySQL Embedded for Simple Installation and Security Craig Sylvester , Principal MySQL Sales Engineer, Oracle Getting the Most Out of MySQL Connectors for Better Performance and Streamlined Integration Matt Lord, Senior Principal MySQL Support Engineer, Oracle Better than Great: MySQL Embedded Performance and Reporting Alexander Rubin, MySQL Technical Consulting Manager, OracleCopyright Oracle Corporation 2012 51
  52. 52. MySQL Tech Tour EventSanta Clara, CAThursday, February 9, 2012 &Src=7314534&Act=247&pcode=WWMK11042736MPP125El Segundo, CAWednesday, February 8, 2012 &Src=7314534&Act=249&pcode=WWMK11042736MPP127Raleigh, NCThursday, February 2, 2012 &Src=7314534&Act=248&pcode=WWMK11042736MPP126
  53. 53. <Insert Picture Here>Thanks for attending!