« Il cibo da strada è costituito da quegli alimenti, incluse le bevande, già
pronti per il consumo, che sono preparati o venduti soprattutto in strada o in
altri luoghi pubblici, come mercatini o fiere, anche da commercianti ambulanti,
spesso su un banchetto provvisorio, da furgoni, o da carretti ambulanti. »
cibo da strada / street food
LA CUCINA DI STRADA
In tutto il pianeta, ma soprattutto nel sud, i cibi di strada fanno parte delle tradizioni
della cultura popolare e delle caratteristiche dei diversi paesi.
Il cibo di strada consiste in alimenti o bevande pronti al consumo, venduti in una
strada od un qualsiasi luogo pubblico, spesso in bancarelle. Secondo uno studio del
2007 dalla Food and Agriculture Organization, 2,5 miliardi di persone mangiano street
food ogni giorno. Esso è solitamente più veloce ed economico rispetto ad un pasto
a ristorante, e questo è uno dei motivi principali del suo sempre più vasto successo.
Storicamente, in luoghi come l’antica Roma, il cibo di strada era diffuso perché i
poveri delle città non avevano cucine nelle loro case.
STREET FOOD AROUND THE WORLD
Street food vending is found around
the world, but has variations within
both regions and cultures. Vietnam’s
street food is described as “fresh
and lighter than many of the cuisines
in the area" while street food of
Thailand is "fiery" and "pungent”. In
Hawaii, the local street food
tradition of "Plate Lunch" (rice,
macaroni salad and a portion of
meat) was inspired by the bento of
the Japanese who had been brought
to Hawaii as plantation workers.
hawaiian plate lunch
A F R I C A
Street food in Africa is mainly based upon
Traditional African dishes, such kenkey,
(usually made from ground corn like
sadza or ugali, mostly eaten in
southern Ghana, eastern Côte d'Ivoire, Togo
and Jamaica), Chin chin (a nigerian fried snack
made with baked or fried wheat flour,
popular in west Africa) and the bunny
(a South African typical dish - a hollowed out
loaf of bread filled with curry) are popular
across the continent. african street food
Also bushmeat is very common in West and Central
Africa. It consists in meat of wild animals. Many
conservation organizations have come together to
address the bushmeat phenomenon.
A S I A
Asia is full of different street food traditions. In China, rice is used for most
of the dishes, that may vary from region to region. Beijing‘s Wangfujing Night
Market is dadicated to street food.
In India, the most famous street food are Chaat, a savoury snack, typically
served at road-side tracks from stalls or food carts, and Pani Puri, hollow
crisp balls made from dough, filled with potatoes and sweet or spicy chutney.
chineese street food
In the whole Asian continent, the
usage of insects and reptiles is
extremely common. In Isreael,
street eaters enjoy sabikh, a pita
stuffed with egg, eggplant and
beijing‘s wangfujing night market
a pani puri seller in india
E U R O P E
Street food is widely common in the north of Europe, while not so much in
the south. In the Netherlands and Belgium, french fries are served wutg sauces,
but Belian french fires are quite different from the Dutch ones. In Belgium
they are called “frieten” and are traditionally fried in beef fat; while in the
Netherlands they are thinner and called “patat”.
In France, baguettes are a common street food, often filled with ham and
butter, ham with cheese or chicken with vegetables.
Romania has a fair amount of street
food. The most common is covrigi, a
hot pretzel covered in sesame or
poppy seeds. In winter time
kürtöskalács with nuts or cinnamon
are very popular in Hungary.
Pizza al taglio and piadina are the
most famous italian street food.
belgian frieten (french fries)
TheTurkish Kebab has become one of the most
common street food.What maybe not everybody
knows, is that there exists different kinds of it,
depending of the ingredients, such as “kiyma
Kebab” that has meat mixed with tail fat and red
pepper or the “Fistikli kebab” that has the addition
of the pistachios in the traditional mixture.
Nowadays we could find it in every city of the world.
In London, for example, it could be possible to see
next to the typical street food vendor of “Fish &
Chips” a kebab’s kiosk.
A curiosity that is little known is that in Europe there
is a country where is forbidden the sale of food in
the street due to hygiene concerns.This country is
the Spain! However in the major cities it is
possible to find ice-cream, nuts and snacks kiosks,
the only ones allowed.
Talking about America, we need to make some distinctions
between the Center, the North and the North. Generally, the
North composed by United States and Canada is considered
the most various region, because we could find every kind of
street food of the whole world.We could have just some little
exception with the typical american Hot Dogs and the
delicious canadian ice cream trucks, that can be seen and
heard nationwide the summer months.
Central America is basically
known for its kiosks on the
beach that offers fruit juices
and fresh drinks. In Mexico,
there is a great variety of
Antojitos Mexicanos, tacos,
Colombian most famous street
food are the famous
empanadas, a deep-fried meat-
filled patty. In Brazil cheese
buns are the typical food sold
on the street. In Peru, the
anticuchos are a variation of
the turkish kebab.And
Argentina has special sweets,
such as caramel apple, cotton
candy and sweet popcorn.
The most common street food in Australia is the sausage sizzle.
People can buy soft serve and other ice creams from vans which drive around
the street.The vans alert potential costrumerts with a tinckling tune.
Also in New Zeland street food vans are common.The White Lady food van, in
fact, in downtown Auckland, is a well known icon of the city.