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Kingdom fungi

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Kingdom fungi

  1. 1. KINGDOM FUNGI
  2. 2. Eukaryotic plant-like organismsThey are not classified as plants becausethey lack chlorophyll as well as true roots,stem and leavesThey have cell wall made of chitin insteadof cellulose
  3. 3. They obtain nutrients from dead or livingorganismsSome are parasitic while others aresaprophytic (feeding on the roots of plants)
  4. 4. GROUPS OF FUNGI1. ZYGOMYCETES  Are called zygospores  Consists of thick black coats surrounding zygotes  Example is a black bread mold Rhizopus
  5. 5. ZYGOMYCETES
  6. 6. GROUPS OF FUNGI2. ASCOMYCETESThe largest group of fungiMost of them are filamentousTheir sexual structure are asci that whentouched, they burst out with a sandy emission ofascospores
  7. 7. ASCOMYCETES
  8. 8. ASCOMYCETES
  9. 9. GROUPS OF FUNGI3. BASIDIOMYCETESInclude common mushrooms, coral fungi, puffballs, rust, and smut.They are different from the ascomycetes because of theirbasidiocarp, the club shape hyphae tip that you see in mushroomsThe spore bearing basidia line the surfaces of the gills on theunderside of the mushroom cap. The spore produced are calledbasidiospore
  10. 10. BASIDIOMYCETES
  11. 11. BASIDIOMYCETES
  12. 12. GROUPS OF FUNGI4. DeuteromycetesAlso called imperfect fungiThe source of citric acid for softdrinks, jams, jellies, andsalad dressingsThe fungi that produce penicillin antibiotics, thepenicillium is also included in this group
  13. 13. Deuteromycetes
  14. 14. GROUPS OF FUNGI5. LichensThe grayish, orange and whitish encrustations commonlyseen on rocks and trees.Used as bioindicator of air quality because they areefficient in absorbing iinorganic nutrients such as sulfurdioxide, which is a component of air pollution
  15. 15. Lichens

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