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Module 1 Guidelines In Giving Emergency Care


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Basic Life Support, Rescue breathing, Cardiac compression, Managing airway obstructions.

Module 1 Guidelines In Giving Emergency Care

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. Emergency Care Guidelines in Giving
  3. 3. OBJECTIVES 1. Explain the need of preparation to a proper emergency care. 2. Describe the four emergency action principles 3. Enumerate the golden rules in giving emergency care. KNOWLEDGE OBJECTIVES:
  4. 4. <ul><li>Demonstrate how to do a primary survey. </li></ul>SKILL OBJECTIVE:
  5. 5. 1. PLAN OF ACTION Emergency plan should be established based on anticipated needs and available resources. GETTING STARTED
  6. 6. 2. GATHERING OF NEEDED MATERIALS The emergency response begins with the preparation of equipment and personnel before any emergency occurs.
  7. 7. 3. INITIAL RESPONSE <ul><li>Ask for HELP. </li></ul><ul><li>Intervene </li></ul><ul><li>Do no further harm. </li></ul>4. INSTRUCTION TO HELPER/S Proper information and instruction to a helper/s would provide organized first aid care.
  8. 8. EMERGENCY ACTION PRINCIPLES SURVEY THE SCENE Once you recognized that an emergency has occurred and decide to act, you must make sure the scene of the emergency is safe for you, the victim/s, and any bystander/s.
  9. 9. Elements of the Survey the Scene <ul><li>Scene safety. </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanism of injury or nature of illness. </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the number of patients and </li></ul><ul><li>additional resources. </li></ul>
  10. 10. EMERGENCY ACTION PRINCIPLES ACTIVATE MEDICAL ASSISTANCE (AMA) OR TRANSFER FACILITY In some emergency, you will have enough time to call for specific medical advice before administering first aid. But in some situations, you will need to attend to the victim first.
  11. 11. Phone First and Phone Fast Both trained and untrained bystanders should be instructed to Activate Medical Assistance as soon as they have determined that an adult victim requires emergency care “Phone First”. While for infants and children a “Phone Fast” approach is recommended.
  12. 12. EMERGENCY ACTION PRINCIPLES DO A PRIMARY SURVEY OF THE VICTIM In every emergency situation, you must first find out if there are conditions that are an immediate threat to the victim’s life.
  13. 13. Check for Consciousness Check for Breathing
  14. 14. Check for Airway Check for Circulation
  15. 15. EMERGENCY ACTION PRINCIPLES DO A SECONDARY SURVEY It is a systematic method of gathering additional information about injuries or conditions that may need care.
  16. 16. 1. Interview the victim. 2. Check vital signs. 3. Perform head-to-toe examination.
  17. 17. <ul><li>GOLDEN RULES IN GIVING EMERGENCY CARE </li></ul><ul><li>What to DO : </li></ul><ul><li>Do obtain consent, when possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Do think the worst. It’s best to administer first aid for the gravest possibility. </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Do remember to identify yourself to the victim. </li></ul><ul><li>Do provide comfort and emotional support. </li></ul><ul><li>Do respect the victim’s modesty and physical privacy. </li></ul><ul><li>Do be as calm and as direct as possible. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Do care for the most serious injuries first. </li></ul><ul><li>Do assist the victim with his or her </li></ul><ul><li>prescription medication. </li></ul><ul><li>Do keep onlookers away from the injured </li></ul><ul><li>person. </li></ul><ul><li>Do handle the victim to a minimum. </li></ul><ul><li>Do loosen tight clothing. </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>What not to DO : </li></ul><ul><li>Do not let the victim see his/her own injury. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not leave the victim alone except to get help. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not assume that the victim’s obvious injuries are the only ones. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Do not make any unrealistic promises. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not trust the judgment of a confused victim and require them to make decision. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Presented by: Dave Jay S. Manriquez RN. </li></ul>