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Important Names And Dates for Canadian Citizenship Exam

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Important Names And Dates for Canadian Citizenship Exam

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Important Names And Dates for Canadian Citizenship Exam

  1. 1. Discover Canada (The rights and Responsibilitiesof Citizenship) Important Names: 1. John Buchan – 1st Baron Tweedsmuir,wasapopularGovernorGeneral of Canada(1935-1940). Said immigrantshouldretaintheirindividualityandeachmake its contributiontothe national character. 2. OlympianMarjorie TurnerBailey –NovaScotia descendantof blackloyalists,escapedslavesfrom Americain1780. Slaveryremainedlegal until 1863. 3. John Cabut– whowas the firstto draw a map of Canada’sEast Coast in1947. 4. JacquesCartier– made three voyagesforKingFrancisI inAtlanticCanada.Explore the St.Lawrence River,capturedtwoguidesthatspeakIroquoianwordKanata,meaningvillage.In1550, the name Canada beganappearingonmaps. 5. Pierre de Monts and Samuel de Champlain –FrenchexplorersestablishedEuropeansettlementin 1604. OutstandingleaderslikeJeanTalon,BishopLaval,andCountFrontenacbuiltaFrenchEmpire in NorthAmericathat reachfrom HudsonBay to the Gulf of Mexico. 6. LieutenantGovernorJohnGravesSimcoe –loyalistmilitaryofficer.In1807, the BritishParliament prohibitedthe buyingandsellingof slaves,andin1833 abolishedslaverythroughoutthe Empire. 7. Mary Ann(Shadd) Carey – activistto abolishslaveryinthe USA.In1853 became firstwomen publisherinCanada. 8. Laura Secord – made a 19 mile(30km) journeytowarnLieutenantJamesFitzGibbonof planAmerican attack that contributedtothe victoryat the Battle of BeaverDams. 9. Father of Confederation–Sir Etiennne-Paschal Tache,SirGeorge-Etienne Cartier,andSirJohnA. Macdonald. 10. SirLouis-Hippolyte LaFontaine,RobertBaldwinandJosephHowe workedwithBritishgovernors towardresponsiblegovernment.LaFontaine championof Frenchlanguage became the firstleaderof a responsible governmentinCanada. 11. SirLeonard Tilley,anelectedofficial andFatherof ConfederationfromNew Brunswicksuggestedthe termDominionof Canadain 1864, “dominionfromseato seaand fromthe riverto the endsof the earth”. 12. SirJohn AlexanderMacdonald –Fatherof Confederation,becameCanadafirstprime minister. ParliamentrecognizeJanuary11 as SirJohnA Macdonald day.His portraitison the $10 bill. 13. SirGeorge Etienne Cartier– waskeyarchitectof ConfederationfromQuebec.Helpednegotiate the entryof the NorthwestTerritories,ManitobaandBritishColumbiaintoCanada.
  2. 2. 14. LouisRiel – ledan armeduprisingandseizedFortGarry.Seenas a hero,a defenderof Metisrights and the fatherof Manitoba. 15. SirSam Steele –A great frontierhero,mountedpolicemanandsoldierof the Queen. 16. Gabriel Dumont– was Metisgreatestmilitaryleader. 17. DonaldSmith(LordStrathcona) –the Scottishborn directorof the CanadianPacific Railway.CPRwas finishedonNovember7,1885. 18. SirWilfridLaurierbecame the firstFrenchCanadianprime ministersince confederationand encouragedimmigrationtothe West.Hisportraitis on the $5 bill. 19. General SirArthurCurrie – advancedalongsidethe FrenchandBritishEmpire todefeatthe Germans inthe battle of Amiens.August8,1918 calledthe blackday of the GermanArmy. 20. Dr. EmilyStowe fightforthe rightsof womento vote.FirstCanadianwomentopractice medicine in Canada.In 1916, Manitobais the firstprovince the grantfor womanto vote. 21. AgnesMacphail a farmerand teacher,became the firstwomenMPin1921. 22. Lt. Col JohnMcCrae – composedthe poem“InFlandersFields”in1915. November11 celebratedto honourthe sacrificesof overmillionbrave menandwomenwhoservedandthe 100,000 whohave giventheirlives. 23. Phil Edwards – was a Canadiantrack and fieldchampion.Winbronze forCanadaon1928, 1932, and 1936 Olympics.Servedascaptaininsecondworldwar,a Montreal doctor,became expertintropical diseases. 24. JamesNaismith –inventedBasketballin1891. 25. DonovanBailey –became a worldrecord sprinteranddouble olympicgoldmedallist. 26. Chantal Petitclerc–became a worldchampionwheelchairracerandParalympicgoldmedalist. 27. Wayne Gretzky – greatesthockeyplayer,playedforthe EdmontonOilersfrom1979 to 1988. 28. Terry Fox – lose rightlegto cancer, begancrossrun “Marathon of Hope”,to raise moneyforcancer researchin1980. 29. RickHansen – circledthe globe toraise fundsforspinal cord research. 30. Mark Tewksbury –Olympicgoldmedalist,activistforgayandlesbianCanadian. 31. Paul Henderson –scoredwinninggoal forCanada-Sovietsummitseries.“The goal heardaroundthe world”. 32. CatrionaLe May Doan – goldmedalistinspeedskatingatthe 2002 OlympicWinterGames.
  3. 3. 33. AlexanderGrahamBell – inventedthe telephone 34. Joseph-ArmandBombardier–inventedsnowmobile 35. SirSanfordFleming–inventedworldwide standardtime zone 36. MatthewEvans andHenry Woodward – inventedfirstelectriclightbulb 37. ReginaldFessenden –inventedradio 38. Dr. WilderPenfield –pioneeringbrainsurgeonatMcGill UniversityinMontreal. 39. Dr. JohnA Hopps – inventedfirstcardiacpeace maker 40. SPARAerospace – inventedCanadarm 41. Mike Lazaridisand JimBalsillie –inventedBlackberry 42. LieutenantAlexanderRobertsDunn –born inToronto,Incharge of the lightBrigade atBalaclavain the Crimeanwar.FirstCanadianto be awardedbyVC. 43. Able SeamanWilliamHall –Nova Scotia,firstblackman to be awardedthe VCfor hisrole inthe siege of Lucknowduringthe Indianrebellionof 1857. 44. Corporal FilipKonowal –borninUkraine,showedcourage Inthe Battle of Hill in1917. First member of the Canadiancorpsnot born inBritishEmpire. 45. FlyingAce CaptainBillyBishop –fromOntario,Royal flyingcorpsduringfirstworldwar,honoraryair marshall. 46. CaptainPaul Triquet – formQuebec,leadinghismeanandhandful of tanksinthe attack on Casa Berardi inItalyin 1943 duringthe SecondWorldWar. 47. LieutenantRobertHamptonGray – navypilotborninTrail BC, waskilledwhile bombing andsinking a Japanese warshipisAugust1945. 48. SirWilliamLogan – worldfamousgeologistborninMontreal.Directedthe geological surveyof Canada from1842 to 1869. Mount Logan inYukonwas namedafterhim. Bill Reid– carvestotempoles KingGeorge V- whoassignedCanadanational colors(white andredonthe flag).Dominionof Canadain $1 bill. Sergeant,FortGarry Horse - CanadianExpeditionaryForce 1916. Group of Seven,foundedin1920, developedastyle of paintingthatcapturedthe ruggedwilderness landscape.
  4. 4. EmilyCarr – paintedforestsandaboriginalartifactsof the WestCoast. Jean-Paul Riopelle –pioneersof modernabstractart. Louis-Philippe Hebert–sculptorof historical figures. KenojuakAshevak –pioneeredmodern inuitartwithetchings,printsandsoapstone sculptures. Important Dates: 1. Magna Carta in 1215 inEngland(knownasthe Great Charter of Freedoms) 2. 1982 – Constitutionof Canadawasamendedtoentrenchthe CanadianCharterof RightsandFreedom 3. Constitutional documentin1867 – The BritishNorthAmericanAct.A belief inorderedliberty, enterprise,hardworkandfairplayhave enabledCanadianstobuildaprosperoussociety. 4. Royal Proclamationof 1763 by KingGeorge III – Territorial rights,establishedthe basisfornegotiating treatieswiththe newcomers. 5. From 1800 to 1900, the federal governmentplacedmanyaboriginalschildreninresidential schoolsto educate andassimilate themintomainstreamCanadianculture.In2008, Ottawa formallyapologizedto the formerstudents. 6. Great Upheaval – between1755 and1763 betweenthe BritainandFrenchwarmore than2/3 of Acadianswere deportedfromtheirhomeland.Acadian(French) survivedandmaintainedtheirunique identity. 7. 2006 – The House of Commonsrecognizedthe QuebecoisformanationwithinaunitedCanada. 8. 1700 – France andGreat Britainbattledforcontrol of NorthAmerica.In1759, the Britishdefeatedthe Frenchinthe Battle of the Plainsof Abrahamat Quebec City.Markingendof FrenchEmpire. Commandersof botharmiesBrigadierJamesWolfe andMarquisde Montcalmwere killedleadingtheir troopsin battle. 9. QuebecAct of 1774 – BritishParliamentpassed the QuebecActthatallowedreligiousfreedomfor Catholics andpermittedthemtoholdpublicoffice,apractice notthenallowedinBritain.The Quebec Act restoredFrenchcivil lawwhilemaintainingBritishcriminal law. 10. 1776 – 13 Britishcoloniestothe southof Quebecdeclaredindependenceandformedthe United States. 11. ConstitutionalActof 1791 – dividedthe Province of QuebecintoUpperCanada(laterOntario), whichwasmainlyLoyalist,ProtestantandEnglish speaking,andLowerCanada(laterQuebec),heavily
  5. 5. CatholicandFrench-speaking.The name Canadaofficiallyusedatthistime.The Atlanticcoloniesand the two Canadawere knowncollectivelyasBritishNorthAmerica. 12. The War of 1812: The fightforCanada. People involve Shawnee ledbyChief Tecumesh,support Britishdefence.MajorGeneral SirIsaacBrock capturedDetroitbutwas killedbyAmerican.In1813, LieutenantCol Charlesde Salaberryfight4,000 invadingAmericans.MajorGenRobertRossfrom Nova ScotiaburnedWhitehouse butdiedafter. 13. July1, 1867 – BritishNorthAmericaActin1867, commemorate the daythat Canadabecame a self- governingDominion.TodayknownasCanadaDay and ConstitutionActof 1867. Alsodefinedthe responsibilitiesof the Federal andProvincial government. 14. FirstWorldWar imptdates:(1899-1902) SouthAfricanWar knownas “Boer War”. April 9, 1917 is celebratedasVimyDay,Canadiansearnthe reputationasthe shocktroopsof the BritishEmpire. 15. In 1929 the stock marketcrash ledtothe Great Depressionorthe dirtythirties.FarmersinWestern Canada were hithardestbylowgrainpricesand a terrible drought.In1934, the Bank of Canada was createdto manage the moneysupplyandbringstabilitytothe financial system. 16. June 6, 1944 – knownasD-Day, 15,000 Canadiantroopsstormedandcapturedlunobeachfrom the GermanArmy,an epicinvasionof NormandyinNorthernFrance.In1944-1945, Canadianarmyalsohelp inliberatingNetherlandfromthe Germansthatleadto theirsurrenderinMay 8, 1945 that enda six yearsof war inEurope. 17. In 1947, the discoveryof oil inAlberta.In1940, employmentinsurance introducedbythe federal government.In1927, Oldage securitywasdevised.In1965, Canada and Quebecpensionplan introduced. 18. In 1950-53, participatedinKoreanwar. 19. Official languagesAct(1969),whichguaranteesFrenchandEnglishservicesinthe federal governmentacrossCanada. 20. In 1965, a newCanadianflagwasraisedforthe firsttime. 21. In 1850 the CanadianMaple Leaf (bestknownsymbol),have appearedonCanadianuniformsand insignia. 22. In 1800, hockeywas developedinCanada. 23. In 1980, O Canada was proclaimedasthe national anthem.ItwasfirstsunginQuebecCityin1880. 24. In 1967 Orderof Canada was createdto give officialawardstoCanadians. 25. In 1988, Canada enactedfree trade withUSA and Mexicothroughthe NorthAmericaFree Trade Agreement(NAFTA). 26. In 1857, Ottawa,locatedinOttawa Riverwas chosenas National Capital byQueenVictoria.
  6. 6. National PublicHolidaysand otherimportant dates: 1. NewYear’sDay – January1 2. Sir JohnA. MacdonaldDay – January11 3. Good Friday – FridayimmediatelyprecedingEasterSunday 4. Easter Monday – Monday immediatelyfollowingEasterSunday 5. Vimy Day – April 9 6. VictoriaDay – Monday preceedingMay25(Sovereign’sbirthday) 7. Fete Nationale (Quebec) –June 24 8. Canada Day – July1 9. Labour Day – FirstMonday of September 10. Thanksgiving–SecondMondayof October 11. Remembrance Day – November11 12. SirWilfredLaurierDay – November20 13. Christmas – December25 14. BoxingDay – December26

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