• Maharaja Krisnkumarsinhji Bhavnagar University.
• Smt.S.B.Gardi Department Of English
• M.A. Sem: 2- Year:2014- Roll no: 7
• Topic of pre: Psychological Study Of Frankenstein
• Presenter: Drashti V. Dave
• The Romantic Literature paper no: 5+
Simple meaning of psychology: it is the science
of the mind, human mind is the most complex
machine on the earth. It is the source of all
thought and behaviour.
Frankenstein is a novel that finds itself a victim
of psychoanalytical criticism.
Victor Frankenstein had no plans to create both
male & female, but request for a female
companion comes as a sock to his psychological
Fight between „creator‟ and „creation‟ because
both have different mind.
In psychological study Sigmund Freud and Carl
Jung‟s theory are important.
Two types of words in the novel, it shows
mentality of human being.
The monster not only represents a part of
Frankenstein‟s fractured psyche but also serve as
a symbol of Frankenstein‟s phallic desires.
Freud defines human mind as three parts,
Jung defines that human mind have three layers,
And it changes with situation.
A Freudian analysis of Shelly‟s novel
understands that the creature and creator
represents the id and ego of one entity,
Frankenstein‟s subconscious mind is the darkest
aspects of his mind.
In Freudian reading, the novel expresses
tragedy of conflicts within a individual
Monster as dramatic representation of ego, id.
Novel is totally based on theory of mind,
human nature and thought, reflects through
monster‟s character. That how man feel? or what
At the end monster weeping over Victor. The
monster tells Walton of his immense, solitude,
suffering, hatred, and remorse.
At the end we feel sympathy for monster more
„Learn from me, if not by my precepts, at least by
my example, how dangerous is the acquirement
of knowledge and how much happier that man is
who believes his native town to be the world,
than he who aspires to become greater than his
nature will allow.‟ — Victor (chap.4)