Wars of Religion: 1559-1648 Spain’s Catholic Crusade
Philip II (1556-1598) <ul><li>Like father, Charles V, fanatically sought to re-impose Catholicism in Europe </li></ul><ul>...
Battle of Lepanto (1517) <ul><li>War against the Turks in Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>Spain defeated the Turkish navy ...
The Spanish Netherlands <ul><li>The pivot around which European money, diplomacy, and war revolved </li></ul><ul><li>Excha...
The Dutch Revolt <ul><li>William I (William of Orange)  (1533-1548) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led 17 provinces against the Spa...
Spain vs. England <ul><li>Queen Mary Tudor (Philip’s wife) tried to re-impose Catholicism in England </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
The Spanish Armada 1588 <ul><li>Spain’s attempt to invade England ended in disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Spain’s navy lay in ...
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Wars Of Religion Spain Netherlands

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Wars Of Religion Spain Netherlands

  1. 1. Wars of Religion: 1559-1648 Spain’s Catholic Crusade
  2. 2. Philip II (1556-1598) <ul><li>Like father, Charles V, fanatically sought to re-impose Catholicism in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Escorial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New royal palace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built as grill to commemorate St. Lawrence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolized the power of Philip as well as his commitment to his Catholic crusade </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Battle of Lepanto (1517) <ul><li>War against the Turks in Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>Spain defeated the Turkish navy off the coast of Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Reminiscent of the earlier Christian Crusades </li></ul><ul><li>Ended Ottoman threat in the Med </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Spanish Netherlands <ul><li>The pivot around which European money, diplomacy, and war revolved </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange site of products from the Baltic and Italy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antwerp </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Corruption in RCC and Lutheran tracts and Dutch translations of the Bible attracted many to Protestantism in 1520/1530’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles V was Flemish and thus did little to stop reform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Philip was Spanish </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Dutch Revolt <ul><li>William I (William of Orange) (1533-1548) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led 17 provinces against the Spanish Inquisition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>United Provinces of the Netherlands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1581 (Dutch Republic) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aid from Elizabeth I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major blow to Philip’s goal of maintaining Catholicism throughout his empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10 Southern provinces remained under Spain’s control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dutch closing the Scheldt River resulted in rise of Amsterdam </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Spain vs. England <ul><li>Queen Mary Tudor (Philip’s wife) tried to re-impose Catholicism in England </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Elizabethan Settlement” reversed Mary’s actions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elizabeth helped the Protestant Netherlands gain independence </li></ul><ul><li>Philip sought revenge for England’s support and to make England Catholic again </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasion of England 1588 </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Spanish Armada 1588 <ul><li>Spain’s attempt to invade England ended in disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Spain’s navy lay in ruins </li></ul><ul><li>Signaled the rise of England a world naval power </li></ul><ul><li>Spain still powerful until mid-17th century </li></ul>

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