English Constitutionalism: The Restoration (1660-1688)
Charles II  (r. 1660-1685) <ul><li>Cavalier Parliament restored Charles II to the throne in 1660 </li></ul><ul><li>Parliam...
Great London Plague 1665, Fire 1666
Charles II and Parliament <ul><li>The Clarendon Code (1662) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conform to the Anglican  Book of Common ...
Charles II’s Foreign Policy <ul><li>Took control of Scotland  </li></ul><ul><li>Connection to Louis XIV and war against th...
James II  (r. 1685-1688) <ul><li>Catholic without Charles II shrewdness or compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Violation of the T...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Constitutionalism England 1660 1688

2,205 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,205
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Constitutionalism England 1660 1688

  1. 1. English Constitutionalism: The Restoration (1660-1688)
  2. 2. Charles II (r. 1660-1685) <ul><li>Cavalier Parliament restored Charles II to the throne in 1660 </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament was stronger </li></ul><ul><li>Development of political parties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whigs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Support of Catholicism drew criticism from Whigs in Parliament </li></ul>
  3. 3. Great London Plague 1665, Fire 1666
  4. 4. Charles II and Parliament <ul><li>The Clarendon Code (1662) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conform to the Anglican Book of Common Prayer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sought to drive all Puritans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Test Act 1673 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Excluded anyone that did receive the sacrament of the Church of England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Habeas Corpus Act 1679 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Whig Parliament sought to limit Charles’ power </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Charles II’s Foreign Policy <ul><li>Took control of Scotland </li></ul><ul><li>Connection to Louis XIV and war against the Dutch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Treaty of Dover </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. James II (r. 1685-1688) <ul><li>Catholic without Charles II shrewdness or compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Violation of the Test Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catholics in High Command of Army, Universities, and local government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Declaration of Liberty of Conscience (1687) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extended religious toleration without Parliament’s approval or support </li></ul></ul>

×