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The review of related literature


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The review of related literature

  2. 2.  Related literature - Composed of discussions and facts and principles to which the present study is related. - Research - Conceptual studies – Studies , inquiries or investigations already conducted to which the present proposed study is related or has some bearing or similarety.  Related
  3. 3. FUNCTIONS OF REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE (RRL) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Provides conceptual framework Provides the researcher with information about past researches related to his intended knowledge. Gives the investigator a feeling of confidence. Gives the researcher information about research methods used. Provides findings and conclusions of past investigations that would relate to his findings. -according to Gay(1976)
  4. 4. REVIEWED LITERATURE AND STUDIES GUIDELINES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. They help the investigator understand his topic for research better. They help/guide researcher in searching for or selecting a better research problem/topic. They ensure that there will be no duplication of other studies. They help and guide the researcher in locating more source of related information. They help and guide the researcher in making his research design. They help and guide the researcher in making comparison between his findings and the others.
  5. 5. RRL TO PROBLEM SOLVING -GOOD AND SCATES (1954)  Frequently the source of significant problems.  Means of determining whether the proposed study unnecessarily duplicates some earlier investigation.  Knowledge obtained
  6. 6. CHARACTERISTICS OF RL&S 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The surveyed materials must be as recent as possible. Materials reviewed must be objective and unbiased. Materials surveyed must be relevant to the study. Surveyed materials must have been based upon genuinely original and true facts or data to make them valid and reliable. Reviewed materials must not be too few nor too many.
  7. 7. GUIDE TO USE IN THE REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 1. Comprehensive or general guides Examples: Encyclopedia of Educational Research, Review of educational research, Education Abstracts and Dictionary of Education. 2. Guides to Periodicals and Serials Example: Book review digest, Education index, International Index to Periodicals
  8. 8. GUIDE TO USE IN THE REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 3. Guides to Books and monographs Examples: Card catalogue, Journal of the national Educational Association, Book Review Digest, Cumulative Book Index 4. Guides to graduate theses Examples: Index to Doctoral Dissertations, Journal of Educational Research
  9. 9. GUIDE TO USE IN THE REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 5. Guides to special educational areas and problems Examples: Phi Delta Kappan, Yearbooks 6. Continuing or serial biographies and summaries in limited areas of education 7. Extensive individual bibliographies and summaries in limited areas of education 8. Biographical, institutional, and statistical directories and handbooks in education.
  10. 10. LIBRARY TECHNIQUE 1.The preparation of a Working Bibliography - compile a rather exhaustive list of published materials pertaining directly or closely to his thesissubject. 2. The evaluation of material - accuracy and dependability; up-to-dateness; suitability; authority; scope; treatment & style; arrangement; illustrations; author; and publisher
  11. 11. LIBRARY TECHNIQUE 3. Primary, Secondary, Tertiary Sources of Information Primary – purest and the best, closest to the point of origin (Letters, diaries, experiments) Secondary – reports of a person who relates the testimony of an actual witness of/in an event. (encyclopedia, history books) Tertiary – compiled from secondary sources (textbooks)
  12. 12. LIBRARY TECHNIQUE 4. The Art of Reading -jotting down the portions or pages that seem important 5. The mechanics of Note taking  Reading Reference notes by Best (1981) - Quotation - Paraphrase - Summary - Evaluation
  13. 13. THE END.