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Access and Inclusion
Past , Present and Future
Lessons Learned and
Opportunities Presented
David Banes – March 2016
Learning from the Past
The Technology
• Where did this idea develop from
• Historically we created devices, adaptation
cam...
History Of Technology
• Typewriter – developed in 1808 by Pellegrino Turri so his blind friend, could write legibly.
• Tel...
Learning from the Past
The Setting
Approaches to Inclusion and Access
– Law
– Policy
– Guidance
The development of each wa...
Where are we today ?
The Technology
• Multiple options
• Multiple platforms
• Breadth of needs
• Growth of integrated
tech...
The Technology
In the past 30 years the AT field has exploded. Screen reading, screen magnification, speech
recognition, o...
Where are we today ?
The Setting
• An International Convention from the UN
• National and International Standards
• Develo...
The ecosystem
Advice
Training
Solutions
SupportContent
Future
Awareness
Looking ahead at Technology
Challenges and opportunities
• Changing business models
• Development that Address culture and...
Looking ahead at the setting
Challenges and Opportunities
• Implementing the UNCRPD
• Understanding the rights
• Those rig...
And the future
The future lies in Universal Design, the idea that measures taken, or
technologies created to make anything...
And the future
The future lies in disruption, the idea that measures taken, or
technologies created to make anything more ...
Resources
www.mada.org.qa
Mada – Qatar Assistive Technology Center
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Assistive technologies past present and future - 2015

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A review of some of the trends in Assistive Technology - delivered for the British Council in Doha - March 2015

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Assistive technologies past present and future - 2015

  1. 1. Access and Inclusion Past , Present and Future Lessons Learned and Opportunities Presented David Banes – March 2016
  2. 2. Learning from the Past The Technology • Where did this idea develop from • Historically we created devices, adaptation came later • From early days the development of Accessible Technologies reached a wider market
  3. 3. History Of Technology • Typewriter – developed in 1808 by Pellegrino Turri so his blind friend, could write legibly. • Telephone – developed by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876 as a device to help people with hearing loss. • Recorded music – developed in 1934, the Readphone reproduced literature and music on long-playing discs to be used by the blind. Later, these discs became 33-1/3 RPM records, • Audio Books – used by the American Foundation for the Blind in 1935. • Speech synthesis – developed in 1936 to help deaf or hard-of-hearing people learn to speak intelligibly. • Tape recorder – commissioned in 1948 for a low-cost reliable talking-book machine for the blind. • Speech recognition – developed in 1952 as an off-shoot of Bell’s work to ease the isolation of the deaf. • Captioning – developed in 1960 under the Department of Health, Education and Welfare. • Text Messaging – developed in 1972 by Vint Cerf, Cerf was hard-of-hearing and wanted a way to communicate electronically with his wife and other deaf friends. • Optical Character Recognition Technology – developed in 1975 as a way for the blind to have access to n text. • Picture-based keyboards – developed in 1988 to enable people who could not speak. Now used in POS • Loopset – released by Nokia in 1998 allowing hearing aid users to talk on digital mobile phones. Ushered in hands-free operation of telephone.
  4. 4. Learning from the Past The Setting Approaches to Inclusion and Access – Law – Policy – Guidance The development of each was a lengthy process and it continues Community based “Invisible barriers, such as prohibitive cost and lack of access, acted as tangible obstacles. In the past few decades, landmark laws and mandates have been enacted to help overcome these obstacles to help improve the lives of people with disabilities. Many of these were inspired by the successful civil rights legislation of the 1960’s, and the disability rights movement in the United States has motivated federal and state legislatures to legislatively improve the lives of people with disabilities.” As with other rights the role of advocates and self advocates was critical
  5. 5. Where are we today ? The Technology • Multiple options • Multiple platforms • Breadth of needs • Growth of integrated technologies • A fragmenting ecosystem
  6. 6. The Technology In the past 30 years the AT field has exploded. Screen reading, screen magnification, speech recognition, optical character recognition, augmentative and electronic communication, GPS, and universal design AT can be as commonplace as adapted eating utensils,, curb cuts, or glasses. The most commonly prescribed assistive technology is optical – glasses and contact lenses. Vision augmentation has moved beyond eyeglasses. We have contact lenses, implantable lenses and laser surgery designed to reshape the eye in order to improve vision. Western society has embraced enabling optical technologies to the point where they are an invisible AT Universal acceptance comes with little or no social penalty or stigma, regardless of age group. In reality, increasingly all technology can be considered assistive in that it augments users’ capabilities to perform a given task.
  7. 7. Where are we today ? The Setting • An International Convention from the UN • National and International Standards • Development of Services to support needs through the technology • Public Sector and Private Sector in partnership
  8. 8. The ecosystem Advice Training Solutions SupportContent Future Awareness
  9. 9. Looking ahead at Technology Challenges and opportunities • Changing business models • Development that Address culture and language • Impact of Pervasiveness of mobile and portable • Impact of Cloud based solutions and services • From Portable to Wearable • Transformation of data • The advents of disruptive technologies • Increasingly the integration of Community and the Private sector to increase innovation
  10. 10. Looking ahead at the setting Challenges and Opportunities • Implementing the UNCRPD • Understanding the rights • Those rights most permeate across public policy and organizational practice for personal benefits • Protecting rights • Identifying and understanding Discrimination • Redress for individuals • Requiring Accommodations • Understanding responsibility at all tiers • Monitoring and review
  11. 11. And the future The future lies in Universal Design, the idea that measures taken, or technologies created to make anything more user friendly has been done so merely for those who are labeled disabled is outdated Universal Design is good design and good design helps everyone. The future of assistive technology is bright, and it seems that increasingly the definition of assistive technology will continue to blur as the same technologies that some use to play games will be used by others to access email and communicate on the job. Recent developments in assistive technology have largely involved, or have been driven by, advancement in communications technologies, especially those related to computer assisted technologies. Future assistive technologies may well become possible because of developments in human-machine interfaces that effectively create a direct connection between the human nervous system and machines.
  12. 12. And the future The future lies in disruption, the idea that measures taken, or technologies created to make anything more user friendly has been done so merely for those who are labeled disabled is outdated Disruption is innovation, it challenges our traditional approaches, that disruption can helps everyon. The future of enabling technology is bright, increasingly the definition of such technology will be driven by the ability to access data, and to present that data in a variety of formats The status quo is littered with barriers to access and inclusion, challenge that status quo and you have the potential to remove such barriers
  13. 13. Resources www.mada.org.qa Mada – Qatar Assistive Technology Center

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