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Trench warfare


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Trench warfare

  1. 1. Trench Warfare<br />
  2. 2. Offence to Defence<br />Trench warfare occurred because the German offensive plan, known as the “Schlieffen Plan” did not work as planned<br />The Germans shifted to the defence and established trenches in anticipation of an allied counter attack<br />
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  4. 4. The Ultimate Defence<br />Trenches were only a small part of a defensive system that made the taking of any amount of land very costly in lives<br />Barbed wire, mines, defensive artillery faced advancing troops besides rifle and machinegun fire from the enemy<br />
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  6. 6. Parts of a Trench<br />Fire step – where soldiers would stand to fire at an advancing enemy<br />Duck board – Floor boards for the trench<br />Dugout – Small caves where soldiers would sleep<br />
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  8. 8. Life in the Trenches<br />Lice– Lice were everywhere and spread quickly because of the close quarters in the trenches<br />Trench Foot – Trench Foot would happen because soldiers spent their days in knee deep water, this meant their tissue would die and begin to rot, requiring amputation<br />Rats – rats were everywhere eating leftover food and even dead bodies<br />
  9. 9. Daily Routine<br />Everyday at dawn soldiers were ordered to “stand to” on the firing step in anticipation of an enemy attack<br />Daily routine involved repairing the sandbags and duckboard in the trenches<br />On a regular basis the enemy would unleash gas attacks, artillery barrages and sniper fire<br />
  10. 10. Enemy Aliens<br />Nationals of Germany or Austria-Hungary were detained<br />There needed to be “reasonable grounds” to believe they were acting illegally<br />There were 8579 men in 24 camps across Canada, along with81 women and 156 children<br />